Disney Television Animation's headquarters in Glendale.
|Walt Disney Pictures Television Animation Group (1984–1987)|
Walt Disney Television Animation (1987–2011)
|Founded||December 5, 1984|
|Headquarters||811 Sonora Avenue, Glendale, California, United States|
Number of locations
|Meredith Roberts (senior vice president/general manager)|
|Owner||The Walt Disney Company|
|Parent||Disney Branded Television|
(Disney General Entertainment Content)
Disney Television Animation (DTVA) is an American animation studio that creates, develops and produces animated television series, films, specials and other projects. It is a division of Disney General Entertainment Content's Disney Branded Television, ultimately owned by The Walt Disney Company.
Established in 1984 during the reorganization and subsequent re-incorporation of The Walt Disney Company following the arrival of then-Disney CEO Michael Eisner, the entity was formerly and originally known as the Walt Disney Pictures Television Animation Group before being shortened to Walt Disney Television Animation in 1987, and was shortened again in 2011 to Disney Television Animation.
The Walt Disney Company first ventured into the television industry as early as 1950, beginning with the one-hour Christmas special, One Hour in Wonderland. This was followed by the 1951 Christmas special, The Walt Disney Christmas Show, the long-running (1954–2008) anthology series, The Wonderful World of Disney (which was Disney's first regular series as a whole), the children's variety show The Mickey Mouse Club, and the 1957-1959 adventure series, Zorro. However, one element was missing from Disney's expansion into television: An original animated television series. Until the early 80's, the studio had never produced its own original animated shows in-house, because Walt Disney felt it was economically impossible. Nearly all pre-1985 TV animation was wrap-around segments made to bridge the gaps on existing theatrical material on The Wonderful World of Disney. Osamu Tezuka met Walt at the 1964 World's Fair, at which time Disney said he hoped to "make something just like" Tezuka's Astro Boy someday, but unfortunately nothing came of it.
With the hiring of a new CEO for Disney Production in 1984, Michael Eisner, lead him to push to expand Disney into new areas thus the establishment of a television animation division that year. The cartoon would be shop to all markets: networks, Disney Channel and syndication. Eisner held a meeting at his home in which he brought up the concept of doing a series on Gummi bear as his kids like the candy. Originally, the staff was told that they could not use the principal Disney cartoon characters in the new shows.
This was considered a risky move, because animated TV series were generally considered low-budget investments for most of the history of TV cartoons up through the 1980s. Many critics say that Disney's own animation studio had lost most of its luster during the period from Walt Disney's passing through the 1980s. However, the studio took a number of risks that paid off handsomely. The studio successfully gambled on the idea that a substantially larger investment into quality animation could be made back through both network television and over-the-air in syndication, as well as cable. The final result is a string of higher budgeted animated television productions which proved to be profitable ventures and raised the standard for the TV medium.
The first productions to make it to air from the studio arrived in 1985, with Eisner's concept fleshed out into Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears, joined by an original concept The Wuzzles, both which are based upon funny animal-based conceptions. A third series in a similar vein, Fluppy Dogs, was produced as a single hour-long TV movie pilot that aired on ABC on Thanksgiving 1986 and was loosely based a series of children's books and line of toys about a race of anthropomorphic pastel-colored dimension-hopping alien (fluppy) dogs. Dismal viewership ensured the project never made it to series.
In 1987, Disney finally unveiled the newest series yet in its cycle, and the first in their successful long-time line of syndicated animated shows, DuckTales. Though forbidden from using the star characters, minor characters such as Scrooge McDuck and Huey, Dewey and Louie were allowed, and Disney did concede to allow for a brief appearance by Donald Duck to establish the series, allowing them to adapt the Duck universe adventure serials by Carl Barks into animation. The show was successful enough to spawn a feature film, DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp, and two spin-off series: Darkwing Duck and Quack Pack. 1990 release Treasure of the Lost Lamp was the first movie from TV Animation's Disney MovieToon unit. Disney Television Animation hired a director of specials, Sharon Morrill, in 1993.
The success of DuckTales also paved the way for a new wave of high-quality animated TV series, including Disney's own The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh in 1988. Later, early that spring, Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers debuted on March 4, 1989, and was paired with DuckTales in an hour-long syndicated show through the 1989-1990 television season. In the 1990–1991 season, Disney expanded the idea even further, to create The Disney Afternoon, a two-hour long syndicated block of half-hour cartoons, which premiered much later on September 10, 1990. DuckTales was one of the early flagship cartoons in the block.
On August 24, 1994 with Jeffrey Katzenberg's resignation, Richard Frank became head of newly formed Walt Disney Television and Telecommunications (WDTT), which included WDTA, from units of The Walt Disney Studios. Morrill was in charge of the first Aladdin DTV film launching Disney Video Premiere/Direct to Video unit.
Three overseas Disney studios were set up to produce the company's animated television series. Disney Animation Australia was started in 1988. In 1989, the Brizzi brothers sold Brizzi Films to Disney Television Animation and was renamed Walt Disney Animation France. Also that year, Disney Animation Japan was started. Walt Disney Animation Canada was opened in January 1996 to tap Canada's animator pool and produce direct-to-video. As direct-to-video increased in importance, the overseas studios moved to making feature films.
WDTT chair Frank left Disney in March 1995. With Krisel expecting to be promoted to head up WDTT but passed over, Krisel left WDTA at the end of his contract in January 1996. At the time the Walt Disney Company merged with Capital Cities/ABC, TV Animation was a unit of Walt Disney Television within the Walt Disney Television and Telecommunications group (WDTT). With the retirement of WDTT group president Dennis Hightower in April 1996 and ongoing post-merger reorganization, the unit (along with its Disney TV parent) was transferred to the Walt Disney Studios. By April 1998, Movietoons was folded in with Disney Video Premiere films and network TV specials of Disney TV Animation as Morrill was promoted to executive vice president over her existing unit of Disney Video Premiere films, network TV specials and Movietoons. At the same time, Barry Blumberg was elevated to executive vice president for network and syndicated animated TV series. Both reported to Disney Television president Charles Hirschhorn.
In the second quarter of 2000, due to weak financial performance, Disney Animation Canada was closed. David Stainton took charge of the company as executive vice president in January 2000 then as president in February 2002 under Thomas Schumacher.
In January 2003, Disney initiated a reorganization of its theatrical and animation units to improve resource usage and continued focus on new characters and franchise development. TV Animation was transferred to Disney Channels Worldwide. In this reorganization, the Disney MovieToons/Disney Video Premieres unit was transferred from Television Animation to Feature Animation. While Stainton took over as President of Disney Feature Animation from Schumacher, while Blumberg returned to DTA as president.
|#||Title||Creator(s) / Developer(s)||Year(s)||Network||Co-production with||Notes|
|1||The Wuzzles||Carson Van Osten||1985||CBS||Walt Disney Pictures Television Division|
|2||Adventures of the Gummi Bears||Michael Eisner
|4||The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh||Karl Geurs||1988–1991||The Disney Channel (1988)
|Winner of 2 Emmy Awards for Outstanding Animated Program of 1988 and 1989.|
|5||Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers||Tad Stones
|1989–1990||The Disney Channel (1989)
|Walt Disney Television|
|1990–1991||The Disney Channel (1990)
|Walt Disney Television||Spin-off of The Jungle Book.|
|7||Darkwing Duck||Tad Stones||1991–1992||The Disney Channel (1991)
|8||Goof Troop||Robert Taylor
|1992||The Disney Channel (1992)
|9||The Little Mermaid||Walt Disney Television Animation||1992–1994||CBS||Prequel to The Little Mermaid.|
|11||Bonkers||1993–1994||The Disney Channel (1993)
|Both originated as segments of Raw Toonage before they were spun off into their own shows.|
|13||Aladdin||1994–1995||The Disney Channel (1994)
|Walt Disney Television||Sequel to Aladdin and The Return of Jafar.|
|14||Gargoyles||Greg Weisman||1994–1997||Syndication (1994–1996)
|15||Timon & Pumbaa||Walt Disney Television Animation||1995–1999||Syndication (1995; 1996)
CBS (1995; 1996)
Toon Disney (1999)
|Walt Disney Television||Spin-off of The Lion King.|
|16||The Shnookums and Meat Funny Cartoon Show||Bill Kopp||1995||Syndication||Originated as a segment of Marsupilami before it was spun off into its own show.|
|17||Quack Pack||Rob Humphrey
|18||Mighty Ducks: The Animated Series||Marty Isenberg
Robert N. Skir
Walt Disney Television
|Animated spin-off of The Mighty Ducks.|
|1996–1999||ABC||Jumbo Pictures||Seasons 5–7. Previously made for and aired on Nickelodeon for seasons 1–4.|
|20||Jungle Cubs||Mark S. Bernthal||1996–1998||Prequel to The Jungle Book.|
|21||Nightmare Ned||Terry Shakespeare
|1997||Creative Capers Entertainment|
|22||101 Dalmatians||Jim Jinkins
|Jumbo Pictures||Spin-off of 101 Dalmatians and its 1996 live-action remake.|
|1997–2001||ABC (1997–2000; 2001)
UPN (1999–2000; 2001)
|Paul & Joe Productions (seasons 5 and 6)|
|24||Pepper Ann||Sue Rose||1997–2000||ABC (1997–2000)
|25||PB&J Otter||Jim Jinkins||1998–2000||Playhouse Disney||Jumbo Pictures|
|26||Hercules||Walt Disney Television Animation||1998–1999||Syndication (1998–1999)
|Midquel to Hercules.|
|27||Mickey Mouse Works||Bobs Gannaway||1999–2000||ABC|
|28||The Weekenders||Doug Langdale||2000–2004||ABC (2000–2001)
Toon Disney (2003–2004)
|29||Clerks: The Animated Series||David Mandel
Comedy Central (2002)
View Askew Productions
Woltz International Pictures Corporation
|Animated spin-off of Clerks. Only adult animated series produced by Disney Television Animation; however, the studio was not credited.|
|30||Teacher's Pet||Gary Baseman
Toon Disney (2002)
|Winner of 4 Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Special Class Animated Program of 2001 and 2002|
|31||Buzz Lightyear of Star Command||Mark McCorkle
|Pixar Animation Studios||Spin-off of Toy Story.|
|32||House of Mouse||Bobs Gannaway
Toon Disney (2002–2003)
|33||Lloyd in Space||Paul Germain
Toon Disney (2002–2004)
|Paul & Joe Productions|
|34||The Legend of Tarzan||Walt Disney Television Animation||2001–2003||UPN||Sequel to Tarzan.|
|35||Teamo Supremo||Phil Walsh||2002–2004||ABC (2002–2003)
Toon Disney (2003–2004)
|36||Kim Possible||Mark McCorkle
|37||Fillmore!||Scott M. Gimple||2002–2004||ABC (2002–2004)
Toon Disney (2004)
|38||Lilo & Stitch: The Series||Chris Sanders
|Sequel to Lilo & Stitch.|
|39||Dave the Barbarian||Doug Langdale||2004–2005||Disney Channel|
|40||Brandy & Mr. Whiskers||Russell Marcus||2004–2006|
|41||American Dragon: Jake Long||Jeff Goode
|42||The Buzz on Maggie||Dave Polsky||2005–2006|
|43||The Emperor's New School||Mark Dindal||2006–2008||Sequel and spin-off to The Emperor's New Groove.|
|44||Mickey Mouse Clubhouse||Bobs Gannaway||2006–2016||Playhouse Disney (2006–2011)
Disney Junior (2011–2016)
|45||The Replacements||Dan Santat||2006–2009||Disney Channel|
|46||Shorty McShorts' Shorts||Barry Blumberg
|2006–2007||Anthology and variety series.|
|47||My Friends Tigger & Pooh||Bobs Gannaway||2007–2010||Playhouse Disney|
|48||Phineas and Ferb||Dan Povenmire
Jeff "Swampy" Marsh
Disney XD (2009���2015)
|49||Special Agent Oso||Ford Riley||2009–2012||Playhouse Disney (2009–2011)
Disney Junior (2011–2012)
|50||Kick Buttowski: Suburban Daredevil||Sandro Corsaro||2010–2012||Disney XD|||
|51||Fish Hooks||Noah Z. Jones
|52||Take Two with Phineas and Ferb||Dan Povenmire
Jeff "Swampy" Marsh
|2010–2011||Spin-off of Phineas and Ferb.|
|53||Jake and the Never Land Pirates||Bobs Gannaway||2011–2016||Disney Junior||Spin-off of Peter Pan.|
|2012–2013||Disney XD||Titmouse, Inc.|||
|55||Tron: Uprising||Edward Kitsis
|Sean Bailey Productions||Animated sequel to Tron.|
|56||Gravity Falls||Alex Hirsch||2012–2016||Disney Channel (2012–2014)
Disney XD (2014–2016)
|57||Sofia the First||Craig Gerber||2012–2018||Disney Channel
|58||Mickey Mouse||Paul Rudish||2013–2019||Disney Channel|||
|59||Wander Over Yonder||Craig McCracken||2013–2016||Disney Channel (2013–2014)
Disney XD (2014–2016)
|60||The 7D||Disney Television Animation||2014–2016||Disney XD||Prequel to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.|
|61||Penn Zero: Part-Time Hero||Jared Bush
|62||Star vs. the Forces of Evil||Daron Nefcy
|2015–2019||Disney Channel (2015; 2019)
Disney XD (2015–2018)
|63||Two More Eggs||The Brothers Chaps||2015–2017||YouTube
|Citywide Hoop Champs, Inc.|||
|64||Pickle and Peanut||Noah Z. Jones
|65||Descendants: Wicked World||Disney Television Animation||2015–2017||Disney Channel||Bad Angels Productions
|Animated spin-off of Descendants.|
|66||The Lion Guard||Ford Riley||2015–2019||Disney Channel
|Sequel and spin-off to The Lion King.|
|67||Elena of Avalor||Craig Gerber||2016–2020||Disney Channel (2016–2018)
Disney Junior (2019–2020)
|Spin-off of Sofia the First.|
|68||Future-Worm!||Ryan Quincy||2016–2018||Disney XD|||
|69||Milo Murphy's Law||Dan Povenmire
Jeff "Swampy" Marsh
|2016–2019||Disney Channel (2016; 2018–2019)
Disney XD (2016–2018)
|Spin-off of Phineas and Ferb.|
|70||Mickey Mouse Mixed-Up Adventures||Disney Television Animation||2017–present||Disney Junior||Formerly known as Mickey and the Roadster Racers during seasons 1 and 2.|
|71||Rapunzel's Tangled Adventure||Shane Prigmore
|2017–2020||Disney Channel||Sequel to Tangled. Formerly known as Tangled: The Series during season 1.|
|72||Billy Dilley's Super-Duper Subterranean Summer||Aaron Springer||2017||Disney XD|
|2017–present||Disney XD (2017–2018; 2020–present)
Disney Channel (2018–2019)
|Reboot of the original 1987 animated series.|
|74||Big Hero 6: The Series||Mark McCorkle
|Disney Channel (2017–2019)
Disney XD (2017; 2020–present)
|Sequel to Big Hero 6.|
|75||Big City Greens||The Houghton Brothers||2018–present||Disney Channel||Originally planned to air on Disney XD before it was later picked up by Disney Channel.|
|76||Fancy Nancy||Jamie Mitchell
|77||Amphibia||Matt Braly||2019–present||Disney Channel|
|78||The Owl House||Dana Terrace||2020–present||Disney Channel|
|79||The Wonderful World of Mickey Mouse||Paul Rudish||2020–present||Disney+||Sequel to Mickey Mouse|
|80||The Ghost and Molly McGee||Bill Motz
|81||Marvel’s Moon Girl and Devil Dinosaur||Laurence Fishburne
|Cinema Gypsy Productions
Marvel Animation & Family Entertainment
|82||Monsters at Work||Bobs Gannaway||Disney+||Pixar Animation Studios||Sequel and spin-off to Monsters, Inc.|
|83||The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder||Bruce W. Smith
|Revival of The Proud Family|
|84||Mickey Mouse Funhouse||Phil Weinstein
|85||Hamster & Gretel||Dan Povenmire||TBA||Disney Channel|||
|86||Darkwing Duck||Disney+||Point Grey Pictures||Reboot of the original 1991 animated series|
|#||Title||Release date||Network||Co-production with||Notes|
|1||Winnie the Pooh and Christmas Too||December 14, 1991||ABC|
|2||Boo to You Too! Winnie the Pooh||October 25, 1996||CBS|
|3||A Winnie the Pooh Thanksgiving||November 22, 1998||ABC|
|4||Winnie the Pooh: A Valentine for You||February 13, 1999|
|5||The O.W.C.A. Files||November 9, 2015||Disney XD||Series finale of Phineas and Ferb.|
|6||Duck the Halls: A Mickey Mouse Christmas Special||December 9, 2016||Disney Channel|
|7||The Scariest Story Ever: A Mickey Mouse Halloween Spooktacular!||October 8, 2017|
From 1990 to January 2003, Disney Television Animation had a division, Disney MovieToons/Disney Video Premiere, that produced direct-to-video and theatrical feature films. This unit's operations were transferred to Walt Disney Feature Animation in 2003. See that article for that unit's films.
|#||Title||Release date||Co-production with||Animation services||Budget||Gross||RT||MC|
|1||DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp||August 3, 1990||Walt Disney Pictures
|Walt Disney Animation France||N/A||$18.1 million||88%||N/A|
|2||A Goofy Movie||April 7, 1995||Walt Disney Animation France
Walt Disney Animation Australia
|3||Doug's 1st Movie||March 26, 1999||Walt Disney Pictures
|Plus One Animation||$5 million||$19.4 million||20%|
|4||The Tigger Movie||February 11, 2000||Walt Disney Pictures
|Walt Disney Animation Japan||$15–30 million||$96.2 million||71%||53|
|5||Recess: School's Out||February 16, 2001||Walt Disney Pictures
Walt Disney Television Animation Digital Production
Paul & Joe Productions
Sunwoo Digital International
|$23 million||$44.5 million||61%||43|
|6||Return to Never Land||February 15, 2002||Walt Disney Pictures
|Walt Disney Animation Australia
Walt Disney Animation Canada
Walt Disney Animation Japan
|$20 million||$109 million||46%||49|
|7||Teacher's Pet||January 16, 2004||Walt Disney Pictures||Toon City Animation||$10 million||$6.5 million||76%||74|
Disney+ original movies
|Title||Premiere date||Co-production with||Notes|
|Phineas and Ferb The Movie: Candace Against the Universe||August 28, 2020|||
|#||Title||Release date||Co-production with||Notes|
|1||Petal to the Metal||August 7, 1992||Released in theaters with 3 Ninjas|
|2||Stand by Me||December 22, 1995||Released in theaters with Tom and Huck|
|3||The Bug Hunt||1996|||
|5||Redux Riding Hood||August 5, 1997||Toonz Animation Ltd. New Zealand
Disney MovieToons (uncredited)
|6||Three Little Pigs||October 21, 1997|
|Mickey & Minnie's Runaway Railway||2020|
- Jetix Animation Concepts
- Disneytoon Studios
- Walt Disney Television
- 20th Television Animation
- List of Disney television series
- Walt Disney Animation Japan
- Cartoon Network Studios
- Cartoon Network Studios Europe
- Williams Street
- Warner Bros. Animation
- Nickelodeon Animation Studio
- DreamWorks Animation Television
- Cotter, Bill, The Wonderful World of Disney Television: A Complete History, California: Disney Editions, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7868-6359-4
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