This is a list of film directorial debuts in chronological order. The films and dates referred to are a director's first commercial cinematic release. Many film makers have directed works which were not commercially released, for example early works by Orson Welles such as his filming of his stage production of Twelfth Night in 1933 or his experimental short film The Hearts of Age in 1934. Often these early works weren't intended for commercial release either by intent, such as film school projects or inability to find distribution.
Subsequently, many directors learnt their trade in the medium of television as it became popular in the 1940s and 1950s. Notable directors who did their first directorial work in this medium include Robert Altman, Sidney Lumet, and Alfonso Cuarón. As commercial television advertising became more cinematic in the 1960s and 1970s, many directors early work was in this medium, including directors such as Alan Parker and Ridley Scott. With the success of MTV and the popularity of music video from the early 1980s, this gave another avenue for directors to hone their skills. Notable directors whose early work was in music videos include David Fincher, Jonathan Glazer, Michel Gondry, and Spike Jonze.
The following symbols indicate where a director has worked in another medium prior to directing commercially.
♦ Indicates where a director has created other earlier works for television
# Indicates when a director's earlier work is uncredited
† Indicates when a director's earlier work has not been released in cinemas, for example film school productions, short films or music videos.
Refer to individual entries for further detail.
- 1 1880s
- 2 1890s
- 3 1900s
- 4 1910s
- 5 1920s
- 6 1930s
- 7 1940s
- 8 1950s
- 9 1960s
- 10 1970s
- 11 1980s
- 12 1990s
- 13 2000s
- 14 2010s
- 15 2020s
- 16 See also
- 17 References
- 18 Notes
- Youngs, Ian (June 23, 2015). "Louis Le Prince, who shot the world's first film in Leeds". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- Malthête, Jacques (2003). "Un feu d'artifice improvisé ? Les effets pyrotechniques chez Méliès". 1895 (in French). AFRHC: 61–72. ISBN 2-913758-31-2. ISSN 1960-6176.
- "The 50 greatest debut movies: part three". Time Out. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "Eric's Top 10 Directorial Debuts". scene-stealers.com. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
- "The 50 greatest debut movies: part five". Time Out. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "15 Facts About Orson Welles' CITIZEN KANE: America's Greatest Film Turns 75". AFI.com. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
- Lloyd, Ann; Robinson, David (1987). The Illustrated History of Cinema. Macmillan. p. 162. ISBN 978-0-02-919241-2.
- "The 50 greatest debut movies: part two". Time Out. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "The 50 greatest debut movies: part six". Time Out. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "The 50 greatest debut movies: part four". Time Out. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- Jarecki, Nicholas. Breaking In — How 20 Film Directors Got Their Start. ISBN 0-7679-0674-8.
- Lowenstein, Stephen. My First Movie. ISBN 0-375-42081-9.
- "Time Out's 50 greatest directorial debuts of all time". Time Out. Retrieved September 2, 2011.
- "The Top Grossing Directorial Debuts of All-time". Indiewire.com. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- "J.D.'s Top 10 Directorial Debuts". scene-stealers.com. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
- Bobbin, Jay (August 18, 1996). "'Losing Chase' (SHOW) Actor Kevin Bacon ("Apollo 13..." Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Kevin Ouellette (July 15, 2008). "Review: Dangan Runner". Nippon Cinema. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- Albert, Antonio (May 12, 1993). "Imanol Arias debuta como director de cine con 'Un asunto privado'". El País (in Spanish). Madrid: Prisa. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Top 5 Female Directorial Debuts". Soundonsight.org. October 24, 2011.
- "10 best-reviewed directorial debuts since 1990". Metacritic.com. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- "10 worst-reviewed directorial debuts since 1990". Metacritic.com. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- "The Doom Dispatch: The Ten best Directorial Debuts of the Decade". www.geeksofdoom.com. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
- "Sob Stories: The quiet beauty of Man Push Cart". Slate Magazine. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- Bradshaw, Peter (August 8, 2009). "Katalin Varga". London: Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "TIFF '10:Day 7". AVClub.com. Retrieved September 17, 2010.
- "SXSW Review: Attack The Block Could Be The Best Action Movie of the Year". Cinemablend.com. March 17, 2011.
- Kevin Ma (June 1, 2014). "Bona announces Q1 2014 results". Film Business Asia. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- Co-directed with Robert N. Bradbury
- As Detlef Sierck
- Co-directed with Anthony Hankey
- Co-directed with Gunther von Fritsch
- Co-directed with Brian Desmond Hurst
- Co-directed with Robert Jordan Hill
- Co-directed with Yakov Bazelyan
- Directed segment Interlude in the Marshland
- Co-directed with Bradley R. Swirnoff
- Co-directed with Rintaro
- Co-directed with Kenneth Tsang
- Co-directed with Jesse Wells
- Co-directed with Frank Lustig
- Co-directed with David Van Taylor
- Co-directed with Quentin Lee
- Co-directed with John Lasseter
- Co-directed with Jim Wynorski
- Co-directed with Kevin Lima
- Co-directed with David Silverman
- Co-directed with Corey Yuen
- Co-directed with Ryan Fleck
- Co-directed with Robert Rodriguez and Quentin Tarantino
- Co-directed with Roger Allers
- Co-directed with Tim Johnson
- Co-directed with Vincent Paronnaud
- Co-directed with Matthew Robinson
- Co-directed with Pete Docter
- Co-directed with Alastair Fothergill
- Co-directed with Chris Renaud
- Co-directed with Guy Jenkin
- Co-directed with Jocelyn Towne
- Co-directed with Mike Mitchell
- As Declan Dale
- Co-directed with Andrew Stanton
- Co-directed with Nicholas Stoller
- Co-directed with Conrad Vernon
- Co-directed with Lee Unkrich
- Co-directed with Rich Moore
- Co-directed with Peter Ramsey