Die Landstreicher ("The Tramps") is a German-language operetta in one prologue and two acts by Carl Michael Ziehrer (libretto by Leopold Krenn and Karl Lindau). It was first performed on 26 July 1899, at the summer theatre "Venedig in Wien", with Ludmilla Gaston as von Rodenstein, Franz Glawatsch, Rudolf del Zopp, Siegmund Steiner, Poldi Augustin, Anton Matschegg, Vali Paak, and Max Schönau.
The premiere was just three weeks after the death of Johann Strauss II. Despite the Viennese mourning for their beloved composer, the operetta was especially noted for its 'Viennese' spirit and more so with Ziehrer himself conducting, the review from the press was favorable with Ziehrer heralded as a new composer to usher in a new age.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 26 July 1899|
(Conductor: Carl Michael Ziehrer)
|Berta Fliederbusch, tramp||soprano||Poldi Augustin|
|August Fliederbusch, her husband, also a tramp||tenor||Franz Glawatsch|
|Mimi, a dancer||soprano|
|Prince Adolar Gilka||tenor or baritone||Siegmund Steiner|
|'Gerichtsassessor' Roland||tenor||Rudolf del Zopp|
|Lieutenant Mucki von Rodenstein||mezzo-soprano or tenor||Ludmilla Gaston|
|Lieutenant Rudi von Muggenheim||soprano or baritone||Anton Matscheg|
|Kampel, a court usher||bass||Max Schönau|
|Gratwohl, an inn-keeper, Anna's father||baritone or bass||Vali Paak|
|Leitgeb, a hotelier||baritone|
|Stöber, conductor of a male choir||tenor or baritone|
|Lajos von Geletneky, a painter||tenor or baritone|
|Dancers, parlour maids, waiters, peasants, summer visitors, singers, costumed guests etc.|
A film was made in 1937 directed by Karel Lamač with a script by Géza von Cziffra. It starred Paul Hörbiger, Rudolf Carl, Lucie Englisch, Erika Drusovich and Rudolf Platte. Further film versions were made for the Austrian boadcaster ORF in 1960 and again in 1968 in a co-production of ORF and the German broadcaster ZDF.
- Lamb, Andrew (2001). "Ziehrer, C. M.". In Root, Deane L. (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Oxford University Press.
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Die Landstreicher, 26 July 1899". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
- Die Landstreicher (1937) on IMDb
- Die Landstreicher (1960) on IMDb
- Die Landstreicher (1968) on IMDb