The Zuhr prayer (Arabic: صلاة الظهر, ṣalāt adh-dhuhr IPA: [sˤalaːt aðˤðˤuhr], "noon prayer"; also transliterated Duhr, Dhuhr or Duhur) is the second of the five daily prayers (salat) performed daily by practicing Muslims. It is also known as ‘the middle prayer’ (ṣalāt al-wusṭā):165
On Friday the Dhuhr prayer is replaced by Jumu'ah, which is obligatory for Muslim men who are above the age of puberty to pray in congregation either in the mosque of the city they live in or with a group of Muslims. Women are recommended to also do so at home, but not obligated. The Dhuhr prayer is led by a sermon given by the leader of the mosque to educate, guide, and improve the quality of the community as well as propagate Islam.
|Arab World||Arabic||صلاة الظهر|
|Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan||Persian||نماز پشین ،نماز ظهر|
(namâz-e zohr/namâz-e peshīn)
|Pakistan, North India||Urdu||نماز ظہر|
(namaaz e zuhr)
|Albania, Kosovo||Albanian||Namaz i mesditës|
|Greater Somalia (Somalia, Djibouti, Somali Region)||Somali||Salaada Duhur|
|Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia (nationwide)||Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu||Salat zuhur, Solat zuhur|
|Indonesia (West Java, Banten)||Basa Sunda||Lohor|
|Iraqi Kurdistan||Sorani||نوێژی نیوەڕۆ|
|Kashmir||Kashmiri||Peshin Nimaz پئشِن نماز|
Time of Zuhr prayer
The waqt (prescribed time) of the dhuhr salat is determined differently by the different branches of Islam. In each case, however, it is best to perform the prayer as soon as the waqt is "in", and it is inadvisable to unnecessarily delay it.
The time frame of the dhuhr daily prayer is as follows:
- Time begins: once the sun has crossed the celestial meridian (true noon), exactly halfway between sunrise and sunset. This is when the sun is at the highest point in the sky.
- Time ends: before the time of the daily Asr prayer (afternoon prayer) (there is scholarly disagreement as to exactly when that occurs). Also, according to the Maliki school, the dharoori time (Time of Necessity for those who had a legitimate excuse to miss the prayer during the Prescribed Time) for dhuhr lasts all the way until a little before sunset, the beginning of Maghrib prayer. Thus, according to the Maliki school, if someone prays dhuhr 30 minutes before sunset, he is considered to have prayed the prayer "on time", though he would be sinful if he had delayed that long without a legitimate excuse.
For both Sunni and Shia, four rakaʿāt are mandatory (Fard) and are prayed silently. However, in Sunni Islam, four rakaʿāt prior to the Fard raka'ah and two rakaʿāt following the Fard raka'ah are recommended; these are nawafil which are nonobligatory.
It is reduced to two rakaʿāt when traveling.
- Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi (26 March 2016). The Laws of Islam (PDF). Enlight Press. ISBN 978-0994240989. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- (Noon) Prayer [Four rak^ahs (cycles): The Basics of the Muslims Prayer on sunna.info website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
- A detailed guide on how to perform Zuhr prayer, qul.org website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
- https://www.islamicfinder.org/prayer-times/ Chart for Prayer Times anywhere in the world available on IslamicFinder website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
- This is for the individual prayer. In the congregation, the recitation will also be unnoticeable except for the expressions which indicate each of the stages of the prayer.
- The Best Guide of Zuhr Prayer Benefits, Prayer Time NYC website, Retrieved 14 May 2017