King Adhiyaman Statue
Thagadur , Dharmapuri
|Established||3rd Century BC|
|Founded by||The King Adhiyaman|
|• Type||Special Grade Municipality|
|• Body||Dharmapuri Municipality|
|• Total||25.32 km2 (9.78 sq mi)|
|Elevation||457 m (1,499 ft)|
|• Density||4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Dharmapuri is a city in the western part of Tamil Nadu, India. The city is located at 126 km from Bangalore, 200 km from Coimbatore, 260 km from Mysore, and 300 km from Chennai. It is located between latitudes N 11 47’ and 12 33’ and longitudes E 77 02’ and 78 40’. The total geographical area of Dharmapuri District is 4497.77 km2, that is, 3.46% of Tamil Nadu. And it is one of top leading Mango cultivator and producer of state.
The region is believed to have been controlled by the Pallava dynasty in the 8th century. The Rashtrakutas took over in the 9th century. They were defeated by the Cholas in the 11th century, and subsequently the district came under the Chola sphere of governance.
During 18th century present day Dharmapuri district was part of the Kingdom of Mysore and was called Baramahal. As part of the Treaty of Seringapatam (signed on 18 March 1792) after the Third Anglo-Mysore War, Tipu Sultan agreed to give part of his territories including present-day Dharmapuri district to the British East India Company which was then merged into the Madras Presidency an administrative subdivision of British India.
It was part of the Salem District under British rule, until the founding of Dharmapuri district on 2 October 1965. The Dharmapuri district was split into Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts in 2004. Many historical rock sculptures are found in this district. Modhur, a village near Dharmapuri has remains that date back to the Neolithic age. A government museum in Dharmapuri city displays some of these significant sculptures.
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Dharmapuri is situated in the northwestern corner of Tamil Nadu and is bounded by Eastern Ghats on the east, Nallampalli taluk on the South, Palacode taluk on the north and the Pennagaram taluk on the west. It is located between latitudes N 11 47’ and 12 33’ and longitudes E 77 02’ and 78 40’. It is 300 km away from Chennai city and 130 km from Bangalore. All the corporations in Tamil Nadu except Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli lies within 300 km from Dharmapuri. Neighbouring states cities like Bangalore, Mysore, Tumkur, Chittoor, Tirupathi, Thrissur, Palakkad, Salem, Puducherry also lie within a 300 km radius. The total geographical area of Dharmapuri district is 4497.77 km² which is 3.46% of Tamil Nadu. 
Dharmapuri was called Thagadoor when King Adhiyaman ruled. Adhiyaman Kottai is available on Salem highway. so many temples build in the period when Adhiyaman ruled. There is a subway from Adhiyaman kottai temple to Dharmapuri Kottai temple. Dharmapuri is located on one of the geographically important areas in south India.
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The climate is generally normal and warm condition. The summer period of March, April, May and June reaching a maximum temperature of up to 38 ° C. The temperatures drop in December and the low temperatures continue up to February, touching a minimum of 12 °C in January. The district has an average annual rainfall of 895.56 mm. The tropical forests here generally have short shrubs and thorned-plants.
According to 2011 census, Dharmapuri had a population of 115218 with a sex-ratio of 1,013 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 6,759 were under the age of six, constituting 3,470 males and 3,289 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 6.92% and .14% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 77.08%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 17136 households. There were a total of 26,943 workers, comprising 606 cultivators, 427 main agricultural labourers, 1,052 in household industries, 22,566 other workers, 2,292 marginal workers, 54 marginal cultivators, 77 marginal agricultural labourers, 213 marginal workers in household industries and 1,948 other marginal workers.
Dharmapuri is well connected by major National highway NH-44. Commonly called North-South corridor which originates from Shrinagar and terminates at Kanyakumari Passes through the district. It is also connected by state highways such as SH-17 (Dharmapuri-palacode-Hosur-Malur of Karnataka)upgraded to national highways NH-844, SH-60 (Hogennakal-Dharmapuri-Tirupattur),& SH-60A(Dharmapuri-Harur)via: Morapur
Dharmapuri station is a Junction (Station code itself indicates DPJ) The station was fractured to South Western Railways when they reformed it. Now it is undertaken by Bengaluru Division. The Railway Station has currently one functional line that is Bengaluru-Dharmapuri-Salem line. Whereas the other line Dharmapuri - Morapur which was constructed in 1907 and functioned for about 38 years was removed by the Indian government. However again the line is under construction with electrification due to the necessity of the people in the district. This new line will connect the people of Dharmapuri district to Chennai directly... As well as this line is the alternative route for Bangalore - Chennai (Via Dharmapuri).
The nearest International airport is Kempegowda International Airport. Located in Bengaluru at a distance of 162 kilometres (101 mi).
Another nearby airport is in Salem at a distance of 45 kilometres (28 mi).Salem Airport is located in Kamalapuram, 15 kilometres north-west of Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. The Salem Airport is the sixth airport in Tamil Nadu after Chennai, Coimbatore, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Thoothukudi.
- "Dharmapuri District". Maps of India. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Dharmapuri". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.