|Der Ring des Polykrates|
|Opera by Erich Wolfgang Korngold|
|Translation||The Ring of Polykrates|
|Based on||drama by Heinrich Teweles|
28 March 1916
Der Ring des Polykrates (The Ring of Polykrates), Op. 7, is a one-act opera by Erich Wolfgang Korngold. The libretto, written by Leo Feld and reworked (unattributed) by the composer's father Julius Korngold, is based on a drama by Heinrich Teweles.
Korngold composed the opera (his first) in 1914, when he was only seventeen years old. The one-act domestic comedy was contrasted by his second opera Violanta, a one-act tragedy. Both were successfully premiered together on 28 March 1916 at the National Theatre Munich. Bruno Walter conducted and the cast included Karl Erb and Maria Ivogün. The operas were repeated in Vienna, with Selma Kurz and Alfred Piccaver in Polykrates and Maria Jeritza as Violanta. In November 1916, it was given at the Dresden Hofoper, with Richard Tauber and Elisabeth Rethberg in the leading roles.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast|
28 March 1916
(Conductor: – Bruno Walter)
|Wilhelm Arndt, Hofkapellmeister||tenor||Karl Erb|
|Laura, his wife||soprano||Maria Ivogün|
|Florian Döblinger, timpanist and music copyist||tenor||Franz Gruber|
|Lieschen, Laura's servant||soprano|
|Peter Vogel, Wilhelm's friend||bass|
The musician Wilhelm Arndt seems to have everything going for him: he is happily married to Laura, he has been appointed Hoffkapellmeister and he has just inherited a small fortune. Only the return of his long-lost friend Peter Vogel could make him even more happy. When Vogel actually returns, he is jealous of Wilhelm's happiness, and convinces him that in order not to challenge fate, he should sacrifice something (after the example set in Schiller's ballade Der Ring des Polykrates). Wilhelm starts an argument with his wife about her former life, but the couple's love is strong enough to overcome all difficulties. In the end, all agree that the sacrifice that has to be offered is the intriguer that tried to ruin their happiness: Peter Vogel has to leave again.
Opera themes transcribed for piano being popular in the early 20th century, a Potpourri from Der Ring des Polykrates for piano was arranged by L. Ruffin and recorded by Martin Jones in 2001.
- Specht, Richard. Thematische Führer zu Erich W. Korngold's "Violanta" und "Der Ring des Polykrates". Mainz and Leipzig: B. Schott's Söhne, 1916. iv, 68 pp.
- Meyer, Andreas K.W. (1996). Der Ring des Polykrates (CD liner). Erich Wolfgang Korngold. CPO. 999402-2.
- Kingston, Robert. "Erich Wolfgang Korngold". OREL Foundation. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "Erich Wolfgang Korngold Der Ring des Polykrates (opera), Op.7". classicalarchives.com. 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- Friedrich Schiller. "Der Ring des Polykrates". Germany: literaturwelt.com. Archived from the original on 15 December 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Erich Wolfgang Korngold: Der Ring des Polykrates". Germany: CPO. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Erich Wolfgang Korngold Der Ring des Polykrates". akuma.de. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "Erich Wolfgang Korngold The Piano Music". Audiophile Audition. 9 October 2008. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.