The Delta Rhythm Boys
The quartet with pianist Rene DeKnight. Top l to r: Lee Gaines, DeKnight. Center: Carl Jones. Bottom l to r: Traverse Crawford, Kelsey Pharr.
|Genres||R&B, jazz, gospel|
The Delta Rhythm Boys was an American vocal group active from 1934 to 1987.
The group was formed at Langston University in Langston, Oklahoma, in 1934 by Carl Jones, Traverse Crawford, Otha Lee Gaines, and Kelsey Pharr. They moved to Dillard University in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1936 worked there under Frederick Hall as the Frederick Hall Quintet and the New Orleans Quintet.
They performed on radio programs such as Amos and Andy and The Joan Davis Show, and performed on Broadway in the shows Sing Out the News and Hot Mikado. The group appeared extensively in 15 films. They resettled permanently in Europe in 1956.
- 1934–1987: Lee Gaines
- 1934–1944: Elmaurice Miller
- 1940–1944: Clinton Holland
- 1944–1960: Carl Jones
- 1960–1974: Herb Coleman
- 1974–1987: Walter Trammell
- 1934–1975: Traverse Crawford
- 1975–1987: Ray Beatty
- 1934–1940: Essie Adkins
- 1940–1943: Harry Lewis
- 1943–1960: Kelsey Pharr
- 1951–1954: Cliff Holland (Temporary replacement for Pharr)
- 1962–1987: Hugh Bryant
- Harris, Craig. "The Delta Rhythm Boys". AllMusic. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- Warner, Jay (2006). American Singing Groups: A History from 1940s to Today. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 24. ISBN 9780634099786. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
Delta Rhythm Boys.
- Obituaries: Lee Gaines, 73, a Jazz Singer The New York Times, July 21, 1987.
- Obituaries: Hugh Bryant Dies as He Sings Tribute at Lee Gaines Funeral The New York Times, July 24, 1987.
- The Delta Rhythm Boys at the Vocal Group Hall of Fame website
- The Delta Rhythm Boys at Doo Wop Nation
- Jason Gross. Carl Jones Interview. Furious.com. January 2001.