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|Defence CBRN Centre|
|Near Winterbourne Gunner, Wiltshire in England|
The entrance to Thorneydown House, part of the Defence CBRN Centre.
Supereste Ut Pugnatis
(Latin for Fight to Live)
|Type||Military training centre|
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Controlled by||Royal School of Military Engineering|
|Website||Defence CBRN Centre at GOV.UK|
The Defence Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Centre (the Defence CBRN Centre or DCBRNC for short) is a United Kingdom military facility at Winterbourne Gunner in Wiltshire, south of Porton Down and about 4 miles (6 km) northeast of Salisbury. It is a tri-service location, with the Army being the lead service. The centre is responsible for all training issues relating to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) defence and warfare for the UK's armed forces.
It is also the home of the National Ambulance Resilience Unit's Training & Education Centre which, among other things, is responsible for training the NHS ambulance service's Hazardous Area Response Teams (HART). The centre was the home of the Police National CBRN Centre until it moved to NPIA facilities at Ryton, Warwickshire.
- 1 History
- 2 DCBRNC courses
- 2.1 CBRN Defence Advisors' course
- 2.2 CBRN Defence Senior Officers' symposium
- 2.3 CBRN Defence Cell Controller
- 2.4 GSR Conversion course
- 2.5 CBRN Defence Trainer course
- 2.6 CBRN Defence Operational Instructor course
- 2.7 CBRN Defence Equipment Manager's course
- 2.8 CBRN Defence Casualty Decontamination Area course
- 3 CBRN Medical
- 4 CBRN medical centre
- 5 Technical Support Group
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The site was established as an element of the Porton Down research facility in 1917. Known as Porton South Camp, it served as a Trench Mortar experimental site.
Reducing in scale immediately following the cessation of hostilities in 1918, research into chemical weapons and defence recommenced in 1921, with South Camp becoming the Chemical Warfare School in 1926. In 1931 the site became part of the Small Arms School as the Anti-Gas Wing. It would later become an independent entity, in 1939, as the Army Gas School, later Army School of Chemical Warfare.
Until 1947 the establishment was operated purely by the Army, becoming a joint Army and Royal Air Force establishment at this point. The emergence of a nuclear weapons threat led to the inclusion of radiological defence into the portfolio. In 1964 the biological threat was included in the scope of the centre, becoming the Defence Nuclear, Biological and Chemical School.
In 1999 the RAF took over the operation of the site, following the 1997 decision that they became the lead service for NBC training.
A full refurbishment of the site completed in 2005 with the legacy World War I accommodation being fully replaced by a modernised training facility, used by all three services.
In April 2019, the British Army took over control of the centre from the RAF regiment.
The Defence CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear) School is the instructional element of the CBRN centre. Its mission is to deliver the UK's CBRN Defence Training for Operations on land.
CBRN Defence Advisors' course
The 10-day CBRN Defence Advisors' is aimed at military officers within a battlegroup or unit who have responsibility to assist/ advice the commander in the planning and execution of CBRN measures and unit CBRN training, or who fill CBRN staff appointments. The course is to train CBRN Defence Advisors operating at battlegroup or deployed at an operating base at Staff Officer level.
CBRN Defence Senior Officers' symposium
The CBRN Defence Senior Officers' Symposium is split into 3 main forums concentrating on the UK's CBRN defence capabilities, the threat and countering the threat.
CBRN Defence Cell Controller
This is a course for military personnel who manage and carry out the functions of CBRN Warning & Reporting and Collection Centres in line with Allied / NATO standards. This task includes dealing with CBRN data, interpreting that information and issuing subsequent reports on the threat. The emphasis of the course is on the automated plotting of threats.
GSR Conversion course
CBRN Defence Trainer course
This course aims at providing military personnel with the knowledge and skills to conduct and deliver instruction and testing on MATT 4 / CCS. It incorporates instruction on the GSR. Depending on their training requirements, individuals can apply for the course alone or apply for both the Defence Trainer and Defence Operational Instructor courses
CBRN Defence Operational Instructor course
This course is aimed at providing military personnel with the knowledge and skills to conduct unit instruction in CBRN incident response.
CBRN Defence Equipment Manager's course
This course is intended for civilian and military stores staff who are responsible for storage, maintenance and management of CBRN defence equipment.
CBRN Defence Casualty Decontamination Area course
This course is designed to train military band personnel (who in war are stretcher bearers) to perform casualty decontamination in a CBRN environment.
The Defence CBRN Centre is the home of the Joint CBRN Medical Faculty. The centre provides CBRN medical training to all medical officers in the UK Armed forces and courses are available to NATO/Allied Nations. As well as military training, Defence CBRN Centre also supports civilian response in partnership with the Health Protection Agency.
The Joint CBRN Medical Faculty supports CBRN medical doctrine development, training and curriculum development and SME support to defence research programmes working closely with partners in the health sector.
CBRN medical centre
The Joint CBRN medical supports the medical response to a CBRN incident and the management of CBRN casualties. It is a cross-government group with the remit under the surgeon general to develop CBRN clinical guidance, medical training and research. According to the website the CBRN clinical training objectives are to:
"manage any CBRN casualties including trauma, manage the medical aspects of a CBRN incident, treat chemical casualties, treat biological casualties including sepsis, treat radiological casualties including nuclear, The principles of CBRN casualty management are: recognition, safety, First Aid, triage, quick look, life saving interventions, casualty hazard management, supportive management, definitive management
CBRN Emergency Medical Treatment (Medical Officer) course
The Emergency Medical Treatment course is a 3-day course developed to provide military doctors with an awareness of the effects of CBRN agents and teach the competencies to provide Role 1 CBRN casualty management.
CBRN Clinical course
The CBRN Clinical course is designed to train Role 1 (pre-hospital), 2 (hospital) and 3 (medical, nursing and allied health) professionals in the recognition and treatment of all casualties in a CBRN environment through to Role 3 advanced medical care including critical care. This course supports the military competencies for Emergency Medicine, Acute Medicine, Intensive Care and specialist nurse training.
Defence Medic CBRN course
The Defence Medic CBRN course is designed to train Role 1 (pre-hospital) medics in the recognition and treatment of all casualties in a CBRN environment. This course supports includes advanced first aid in the hot zone, emergency medical treatment and casualty decontamination.
Technical Support Group
The DCBRNC Technical Support Group provides an external training and trials functions. The TSG External Training Team provides all 3 Services with their CBRN defence training, inspecting CBRN defence training at unit level. The External Training Team Mission is to facilitate CBRN Defence competence in units by providing External CBRN Technical Support through all phases of the training cycle. Secondly, the Trials part of TSG helps the development of Joint Service CBRN defence equipment and procedures, supporting the CBRN Delivery Team and DES. Recent trials have seen the team contribute to Light Role Teams, G.S.R. and the ARTS system
The Defence CBRN Centre assists with the military's annual chemical warfare exercise, Exercise TOXIC DAGGER, which in 2018 took place on Salisbury Plain involving over 300 military personnel, including 40 Commando Royal Marine, the RAF Regiment and the Royal Marines Band Service for casualty treatment.
- "The NARU Education Centre - Welcome to the NARU Education Centre". The NARU Education Centre.
- "Army Takes Command Of Military's Counter Chemical Team". Forces News. London. 1 April 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- "Defence Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear Centre - Detailed guidance". GOV.UK. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- "Exercise Toxic Dagger: training the UK military to mitigate CBRN threats". Army Technology. Verdict Media. 3 May 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
- "Exercise TOXIC DAGGER - the sharp end of chemical warfare". Defence Science and Technology Laboratory. gov.uk. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2019.