David Kroyanker in 2008
|Known for||Jerusalem architectural historian|
|Parent(s)||Dr. Gustav Krojanker|
|Awards||The Teddy Kollek Award, 2006|
Yakir Yerushalayim, 2010
David Kroyanker (born 1939) is an Israeli architect and architectural historian of Jerusalem. He has written dozens of popular books about Jerusalem neighborhoods, streets, and buildings, and urban planning.
Kroyanker was born and raised in the Rehavia neighborhood of Jerusalem. His father, Dr. Gustav Krojanker, was a German Zionist activist, journalist and art researcher. His mother, Dr. Edith Krojanker, was a lawyer in the public sector. His father died of cancer when Kroyanker was six years old.
He attended a high school located next to the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and served in the Paratroopers Brigade of the Israel Defense Forces from 1958 to 1961. Kroyanker studied at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London from 1963 to 1968. He returned to Israel to work as an architect for a firm headed by David Resnick in Jerusalem, and moved to the urban planning department of the Jerusalem Municipality under Meron Benvenisti in 1970. From 1973 to 1981 he worked in various planning departments in the municipality, including the Department of Urban Planning and the Special Projects Unit Planning Department.
Specializing in building preservation and rehabilitation, Kroyanker set about documenting the historical and architectural record of Jerusalem in order to build public awareness and support for preservation efforts. Among the many campaigns that he was involved in to save historic buildings was the battle to save the Talitha Kumi school building in downtown Jerusalem. The school was ultimately torn down in 1980; Kroyanker was part of the team that designed a memorial to the bulldozed structure using pieces of the original facade. Kroyanker is credited with the successful preservation and restoration of the Ticho House.
To aid the public campaigns, Kroyanker wrote a series of booklets spotlighting the "architectural and historical value of the streets and buildings" These booklets were so well-received that he began documenting the history and architecture of Jerusalem for a large-format book series, producing a book every other year at his next post, the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, where he became an architectural historian and documenter in 1981. By 1994 he had completed a six-volume series titled Architecture in Jerusalem, with the first five 500-page volumes documenting architecture in Jerusalem's New City and the last volume covering buildings and streets in the Old City. The first volume only was translated into English, French, German, and Italian under the title Jerusalem Architecture. These six volumes, in turn, laid the foundation for an additional 15 large-format books.
As of 2010, Kroyanker has written more than 30 books on the neighborhoods and buildings of Jerusalem, 20 of which became mass-market bestsellers. His works are richly illustrated with historic photographs, maps, sketches, and original street and neighborhood plans. His wife, Leora, actively assists him by editing and proofreading texts.
As a result of his research, Kroyanker has amassed the largest private archive in the world of literary and visual documentation related to Jerusalem architecture. His files include historic photographs, drawings, documents, drawings, maps and newspaper clippings. The files are catalogued in three topic areas: neighborhoods, streets and buildings; architectural/planning (such as conservation, building styles, architectural details, and biographies of architects); and planning processes (including demolition, new construction and urban development). He has also curated exhibitions, lectured, and led tours on Jerusalem's architectural heritage.
Views and critical response
Kroyanker is openly critical of the urban degeneration in Jerusalem caused by poverty and neglect. He is also critical of the Orthodox Jewish demographic whose lower socioeconomic level, he claims, has created a lack of aesthetics in Orthodox neighborhoods and weakened the economy by forcing the exodus of cinemas and "attractive shops" from the downtown area, replacing them with bargain stores.
Kroyanker's research has been criticized for its "nostalgic tone" and his exclusion of "more recent architectural phenomena such as the effect of the security barrier on the urban space, or the abundance of empty apartments in the center of town". He has also been accused of partiality toward the interests of city hall and real-estate developers. The Alrov Corp funded his book Mamilla: Prosperity, Decay and Renewal – the Alrov Mamilla Quarter (2009), and his book on the Hebrew University of Jerusalem campus at Givat Ram was written by request of the university.
- Developing Jerusalem, 1967-1975: The planning process and its problems as reflected in some major projects. Jerusalem Committee. 1975. (with Julian Louis Meltzer and Dorothea Shefer-Vanson)
- Jerusalem 1978: Between two decades. Jerusalem Committee. 1978. (with Yael Guiladi)
- Jerusalem Planning and Development, 1979-1982. Jerusalem Committee. 1982.
- Jerusalem Architecture, Periods and Styles: The Jewish quarters and public buildings outside the Old City walls, 1860–1914. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. 1983. ISBN 9652610194. (with Dror Wahrman)
- Jerusalem: Planning and Development 1982-1985, New Trends. Jerusalem Committee. 1985.
- Jerusalem Architecture, Periods and Styles: European Christian buildings outside the Old City walls, 1855-1918 (in Hebrew). Keter. 1987.
- ירושלים - המאבק על מבנה העיר וחזותה [Jerusalem – The struggle over the city structure and its appearance] (in Hebrew). Kinneret Zmora-Bitan Dvir. 1988.
- Jerusalem Architecture. Vendome Press. 1994. ISBN 0865651477. 2nd edition published 2002
- The Russian Compound: Toward the Year 2000. From Russian Pilgrimage Center to a Focus of Urban Activity (in Hebrew). Jerusalem Municipality. 1997.
- Jerusalem: The Light Rail (in Hebrew). Keter. 2003.
- Jerusalem: The German Colony and Emek Refaim Street (in Hebrew). Keter. 2008.
- Mamilla: Prosperity, Decay and Renewal – the Alrov Mamilla Quarter (in Hebrew). Keter. 2009.
- Jaffa Road: Biography of a Street — Story of a City (in Hebrew). Keter. 2009.
- The Jerusalem Triangle: An Urban Biography (in Hebrew). Keter. 2011.
- "Heart and soul of Jerusalem". Haaretz. 4 January 2007. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "'Entrepreneur's dream, historian's nightmare'". Haaretz. 2 May 2006. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Don't name it after me". Haaretz. 20 February 2006.
- "Is a Jewish museum forbidden and a Muslim university permitted?". Haaretz. 10 January 2006. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "No man's land once again". Haaretz. 21 January 2005. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Preservation, with reservations". Haaretz. 18 October 2002. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "Rising anew from the ashes". Haaretz. 14 November 2001. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Fence and defense". Haaretz. 8 October 2001. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Fifty Years of Israeli Architecture as Reflected in Jerusalem's Buildings". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 26 May 1999.
- Livneh, Neri (11 May 2010). "David Kroyanker, when you see the city you helped shape, are you glad to be called a 'Treasured Jerusalemite'?". Haaretz. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Dvir, Noam (11 October 2011). "A Yearning Free of Illusions". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Shishon, Ehud (8 June 2011). "האדריכל: בגובה העיניים עם דוד קרויאנקר" [The Architect: At eye level with David Kroyanker]. Maariv. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "יקירי ירושלים לשנת תשע – 2010" [Worthy of Jerusalem recipients for 2010] (in Hebrew). Jerusalem Municipality. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "קורות חיים" [Curriculum Vitae] (in Hebrew). kroyanker.co.il. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Polokoff Feinberg, Miriam; Klein Shapiro, Miriam (2007). Hear Her Voice: Twelve Jewish Women Who Changed the World. Devora Publishing. p. 123. ISBN 1932687785.
- Livneh, Neri (8 September 2005). "With Jerusalem, It's Love-Hate". Haaretz. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Prince-Gibson, Eetta (27 July 2009). "Jaffa Road - It's a long and winding road..." The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Schrag, Carl (30 December 1994). "Capital Gain". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013. (subscription)
- Ran, Dr. Ami (2003). "Documentation – An incentive for conservation". Architecture of Israel Quarterly (52).
- Heiman, Yoval (20 May 2012). "אפילו קרויאנקר עוזב את ירושלים, למה?" [Even Kroyanker is Leaving Jerusalem, Why?]. Maariv. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Zandberg, Esther (14 August 2003). "Not a word about the light railway". Haaretz. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Hasson, Nir (29 June 2012). "Jerusalem's leading lights bolt for the Tel Aviv coast in a flight of cultural freedom". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "The Teddy Kollek Award". The Jerusalem Foundation. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "The Life of David Kroyanker" (video) - Hebrew
- "Jerusalem's Built Heritage: The City's Architecture – Periods and Styles" Presenter: David Kroyanker, June 2000