David B. Mellish
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 9th District|
March 4, 1873 – May 23, 1874
|Preceded by||Fernando Wood|
|Succeeded by||Richard Schell|
|Born||January 2, 1831|
Oxford, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||May 23, 1874 (aged 43)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Resting place||Hillside Cemetery, Auburn, Massachusetts|
|Spouse(s)||Lucy M. Fitch (m. 1862)|
David Batcheller Mellish (January 2, 1831 – May 23, 1874) was a businessman, journalist, and public official from Oxford, Massachusetts. He became a resident of New York City, and won election to Congress in 1872. He was serving his first term as United States Representative from New York when he died in Washington, D.C.
Mellish was born in Oxford, Worcester County, Massachusetts, on January 2, 1831. His mother was Cyrene Mellish, and his father, John Mellish, was a carriage-maker and teacher who moved his family to Auburn in 1839. The elder Mellish was prominent in local politics and government as a Democrat, and served as a justice of the peace for 35 years. David Mellish attended the public schools of Auburn, Leicester Academy, and Warren Academy in Woburn.
After completing his education, Mellish apprenticed at the Worcester Spy newspaper, where he learned printing, editing, proofreading, and news reporting. He later taught school in Massachusetts, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. In 1860, Mellish moved to New York City; he worked initially as a proofreader, and then became a reporter for the New-York Tribune. He also began a career as a stenographer with the city Police Department and Board of Health.
Mellish became active in politics as a Republican, and opposed control of the city by the Tammany Hall Democratic organization, which was widely regarded as corrupt. He served as chief supervisor of elections for the police department, but was removed because he campaigned against "Tammany Republicans"—officials who were supposedly Republicans, but who actually cooperated with Tammany Hall.
In 1871, Mellish began work for the Collector of the Port of New York; initially appointed as a clerk, he later moved up to the position of assistant appraiser. In addition, Mellish authored columns and editorials on politics for the New York Times.
In 1872, Mellish was elected as a Republican to represent New York's 9th District in the United States House of Representatives. He served in the 43rd Congress (March 4, 1873 until his death). He ran on a platform of "clean elections" and "good government", as opposed to the corruption of Tammany Hall. Press accounts of the time indicate that Mellish enjoyed support from many Democrats who liked him personally, even though he opposed them politically.
In Congress, Mellish responded to the Panic of 1873 by advocating a stable monetary system based on "soft money"—the concept that paper money backed by the strength and credit of the federal government would provide more stability and economic opportunity for farmers and the working class than "hard money"—gold or silver reserves in banks sufficient to allow holders of paper money to redeem their currency for specie on demand.
On January 10, 1874, Mellish spoke on the House floor in favor of a civil rights bill introduced by Senator Charles Sumner. Citing examples from New York court cases to desegregate streetcars and other public facilities, Mellish argued that Sumner's bill deserved passage because it would place black and white citizens on equal footing in terms of free exercise of their rights. The bill was weakened by amendments, but passed on February 4, 1875—after the deaths of both Sumner and Mellish.
Death and burial
According to contemporary press accounts, in May 1874, Mellish was speaking on the House floor when he lost control of his mental faculties. His breakdown was attributed to overwork, and he was hospitalized at an asylum for the insane. Mellish did not recover, and died on May 23, 1874, 11 days after being hospitalized.
- Oleson, Ellie (August 9, 2010). "19th-century rights pioneer almost forgotten in hometown; Progressive Republican congressman died in his prime". Worcester Telegram & Gazette. Worcester, MA.
- Poore, Ben Perley (1878). "Congressional Directory: Mellish, David B." The Political Register and Congressional Directory. Boston, MA: Houghton, Osgood and Company.
- United States Congress. "David B. Mellish (id: M000637)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- David B. Mellish at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 9th congressional district
March 4, 1873 – May 23, 1874