|Date of birth||5 May 1954|
|Place of birth||Meknes, Morocco|
|Year of aliyah||1963|
|Date of death||30 October 2018(aged 64)|
|Knessets||14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|2015–2018||Minister of Religious Services|
David Azulai (Hebrew: דוד אזולאי; 5 May 1954 – 30 October 2018) was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Shas for over 20 years from 1996 and 2018. He was also Minister of Religious Services from 2015 until his death in 2018.
From 1978 to 1993, he was a member of Acre's local council and served in the municipality's committees. In 1993, he was elected to Nahal Iron Regional Council, serving as deputy mayor of the council and later as its mayor. He resigned following his election to the Knesset in 1996. He served as Chairman of the Internal Affairs and Environment Committee (2000–2001) and as Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs (2001–2003). In the latter post, he was assigned to head a commission regarding the status of the Falasha.
Following the 2015 elections, he was appointed Minister of Religious Services in the new government. He gave up his Knesset seat in March 2018 under the Norwegian Law due to illness, and was replaced by his son Yinon.
In a meeting with MK Ayelet Shaked about Women of the Wall, an Israeli group fighting for the right of Jewish women to pray at the Kotel in their fashion, Azulai referred to them as "provocateurs", and claimed that Reform Judaism is "a disaster for the nation of Israel". Women of the Wall then voiced a protest: "We expect Ayelet Shaked, like her predecessor, to announce unequivocally that as a woman and a justice minister, she will not sign discriminatory regulations, and will not be a part of exclusion of women from the Western Wall or from any other place. The court has already ruled that these regulations are discriminatory and illegal." Azulai's comments were also condemned by Rabbi Gilad Kariv, executive director of the Reform movement in Israel, who noted, "If Minister Azoulay cannot function as minister for all the citizens of Israel, then he should resign." 
On 30 October 2018, Azulai died after a long-term battle with cancer. The illness had also forced him to resign from the Knesset early in the year. His son Yinon, who succeeded him in Knesset, is among those rumored to be candidates to take Azulai's place as the Israeli Religious Affairs Minister.
- David Azulai: Public Activities Knesset website
- Religious Affairs Minister Azoulay dies after battle with cancer The Times of Israel, 30 October 2018
- Shas minister resigns from Knesset, will be replaced by son Times of Israel, 12 March 2018
- After offensive remark, Reform Jews demand ouster of Israel's new religious affairs minister Haaretz, 17 June 2015
- Kershner, Isabel (7 July 2015). "Israeli Minister Says Reform Jews Are Not Really Jewish". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015.
- Keinan, Tal (2018). God Is in the Crowd: Twenty-First-Century Judaism. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-525-51117-5.
- Mnookin, Robert H. (2018). The Jewish American Paradox: Embracing Choice in a Changing World. PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-61039-752-0.
- "Netanyahu Rejects Minister's 'Hurtful' Claim Reform Jews Can't Be Called Jews". Haaretz. 7 July 2015.
- David Azoulay, Israel's Religious Services Minister, Dies at 64 Haaretz, 30 October 2018
- David Azulai on the Knesset website