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He was the son of Ezekiel Ogden (1772–1824) and Abigail Brandt (1775–1860). On December 18, 1834, he married Judith Ann Lawrence (1815–1895).
He was a Canal Appraiser from 1853 to 1854. Afterwards he was appointed by President Franklin Pierce U.S. Consul at Honolulu, then in the Kingdom of Hawaii, and stayed there until 1857. He was a delegate to the 1860 Democratic National Convention. He was a member of the New York State Assembly (Yates Co.) in 1862.
He helped New York Governor Samuel J. Tilden to break up the corrupt Canal Ring, and shortly afterwards was the last Canal Commissioner, elected in 1876, on the Democratic ticket. The office of Canal Commissioner was abolished by an amendment to the New York State Constitution, ratified at the same state election, pending the appointment of a Superintendent of Public Works. The Canal Commissioners remained in office until February 8, 1878, when the first Superintendent of Public Works, Benjamin S. W. Clark, qualified to take over the duties from the remaining two Canal Commissioners Ogden and Christopher A. Walrath.
- The Ogden Family in America, Elizabethtown Branch (Philadelphia, 1907)
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (page 43; Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858)
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough, Stephen C. Hutchins and Edgar Albert Werner (1867; pages 406, 496 and 517)
- SKETCHES OF THE CANDIDATES in NYT on September 1, 1876
- LEGISLATION AT ALBANY - Mr. Howe's Prison Commission Bill Passed in NYT on April 4, 1884
- NOTES FROM WASHINGTON in NYT on June 10, 1885
-  Appointments by Dem. governors, in NYT on December 12, 1887
- OPENING OF LEGISLATURE in NYT on January 3, 1904
-  Political Graveyard
-  History of the consuls at Honolulu
- Northville is the former name of the hamlet of King Ferry which lies in the town of Genoa
- Wheeler, William Ogden (1907). The Ogden Family in America: Elizabethtown Branch. Philadelphia: Lippincott. p. 284. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- This is a very sketchy "sketch": It underestimates his age at "about fifty" [he was 63], gives a wrong birthplace "Yates County" [he was born in Cayuga County], and misplaces in time his consulship as "under James Buchanan" [it was during Pierce's administration].
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