New South Wales
Main street of Dalgety and the Buckley's Crossing Hotel
|Population||205 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||760 m (2,493 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Snowy Monaro Regional Council|
The first settlement was originally known as Buckley's Crossing after Edward Buckley who established a farm near the river crossing in 1832. It was renamed Barnes Crossing in 1848, by which time it had become an important waypoint on the stock route between Gippsland in Victoria and the Snowy Mountains in New South Wales. In 1874 the town was formally surveyed and named Dalgety after the maiden name of the wife of surveyor J. R. Campbell. Like the founder of Dalgety and Company she was a grandchild of a Colonel Alexander Dalgety.
At the time of the survey the population was 23 and it was recorded that a punt was operating across the river. A Catholic school opened in 1874 to cater for the children of Irish gold prospectors, and the first bridge over the river was constructed in 1888.
The town also became a meeting place between white settlers and local Aborigines, who would camp along the river bank on the way to the Snowy Mountains. The Thaua people and Ngarigo people lived in this area seasonally. 
Location for national capital
In 1903 a Federal Royal Commission named Dalgety as the location for Australia's national capital city. The choice was based on criteria including climate, food supply, land ownership and ability to support major industries, and was formalised in the Seat of Government Act 1904. In an early demonstration of Sydney-Melbourne rivalry, the decision was immediately opposed by the Parliament of New South Wales which argued that Dalgety was too close to Melbourne and too far from Sydney. A more practical objection was the distance to the main Sydney-Melbourne railway line and the expense involved in constructing a spur to the proposed capital.
Situated on the Monaro Plains and in the rain shadow of the Snowy Mountains, Dalgety is a relatively dry area of rolling hills with granite boulders scattered across the landscape.
The town depends on the Snowy River for water supplies. In October 2007 the New South Wales Department of Water and Energy recommended a cut in river flows through the nearby Lake Jindabyne, to a level which may require Dalgety to import drinking water.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Dalgety (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
- "Travel:Dalgety". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 9 November 2007.
- "Dalgety". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- Wynford Vaughan-Thomas. Dalgety, The Romance of a Business, Henry Melland, London 1984 ISBN 0907929079
- "Dalgety". Tourism New South Wales. November 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2007.[permanent dead link]
- Tindale, Norman (1974) "Thaua" in his Catalogue of Australian Aboriginal Tribes. South Australian Museum. Quote: the Bemerigal or mountain people at Cooma belonged to the Ngarigo.
- "A Guide to NSW State Archives relating to Federation". State Records New South Wales. October 2001. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2007.
- Pegrum, Roger (1983). The Bush Capital: How Australia Chose Canberra as Its Federal City. Hale & Iremonger. ISBN 0-86806-066-6.
- Welsh, Frank (2005). Great Southern Land: A New History of Australia. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-7139-9450-9.
- "Dalgety residents fear cut to Snowy flows". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 29 October 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2007.
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