Cumberland County courthouse in Burkesville
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Cumberland River|
|• Total||311 sq mi (810 km2)|
|• Land||305 sq mi (790 km2)|
|• Water||5.7 sq mi (15 km2) 1.8%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||22/sq mi (8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Cumberland County is a county located in the Pennyroyal Plateau region of the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,856. Its county seat is Burkesville. The county was formed in 1798 and named for the Cumberland River, which in turn may have been named after the Duke of Cumberland or the English county of Cumberland.
Cumberland County was created in 1798 from land given by Green County. In 1829, the first oil well in the United States was dug three miles north of Burkesville. However, it is usually not recognized as such because the drillers were looking for salt brine.
It was the first county in the United States to elect a female sheriff, Pearl Carter Pace.
Burkesville is the first city downstream from Wolf Creek Dam. There has been much recent concern about the dam's stability.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 311 square miles (810 km2), of which 305 square miles (790 km2) is land and 5.7 square miles (15 km2) (1.8%) is water. Major waterways include the Cumberland River and a small branch of Dale Hollow Lake which covers the southern end of the county.
- Adair County (north)
- Russell County (northeast)
- Clinton County (east)
- Clay County, Tennessee (south)
- Monroe County (west)
- Metcalfe County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,147 people, 2,976 households, and 2,038 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 per square mile (8.9/km2). There were 3,567 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.28% White, 3.41% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,976 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $21,572, and the median income for a family was $28,701. Males had a median income of $21,313 versus $16,548 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,643. About 16.40% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.30% of those under age 18 and 33.00% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2017 the largest self-identified ancestry groups/ethnic groups in Cumberland County, Kentucky were:
|Largest ancestries (2017)||Percent|
|French (except Basque)||1.0%|
- Burkesville (county seat)
Other unincorporated places
Like all of the heavily Unionist eastern Pennyroyal, Cumberland County provided an exceptionally large number of soldiers for the Union Army during the Civil War. Consequently, Cumberland County became and has remained overwhelmingly Republican following the end of Reconstruction. As of 2012, Cumberland County had the fewest registered Democrats, 844, out of all of Kentucky's counties.
The last Democrat to carry Cumberland County at the Presidential level was Horatio Seymour in 1868 – when the state was largely controlled by former Confederates. And since at least 1896, Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide is the solitary Democrat to top forty percent of the county's vote.
Cumberland County was a dry county prior to a special election held June 28, 2016, where the measure passed 1,441 votes to 1,069 votes.
- Edwin L. Norris, fifth Governor of Montana
- Cumberland County was the birthplace of Joel Cheek who later made Maxwell House coffee.
- David L. Williams, judge of the Kentucky 40th Circuit Court, former President of the Kentucky Senate, 1992 Republican candidate for U.S. Senate, and the 2011 Republican gubernatorial nominee
- Morgan's Raid
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Cumberland County, Kentucky
- Cumberland River
- Dale Hollow Lake
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 97.
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35.
- Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Copeland, James E.; ‘Where Were the Kentucky Unionists and Secessionists’; The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, volume 71, no. 4 (October, 1973), pp. 344-363
- VOTER REGISTRATION STATISTICS REPORT; Kentucky Secretary of State
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Montana Governor Edwin Lee Norris". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- Applegate, Kris; Miller, Jarenda (2009). Around Lake Cumberland. Arcadia Publishing. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-7385-6819-5.