Cullyhanna (from Irish: Coilleach Eanach, meaning "wood of the marshes") is a small village and townland in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It had a population of 306 in the 2001 Census. It is within the Newry and Mourne District Council area.
In June 1920, during the Irish War of Independence, the Irish Republican Army ambushed Royal Irish Constabulary officers in Cullyhanna. Three officers were wounded, one fatally. The RIC returned fire, killing a civilian.
Cullyhanna is in South Armagh, a region that has been a stronghold of support for the Provisional Irish Republican Army, earning it the nickname "Bandit Country". The British Army nicknamed the local IRA unit the "Cullyhanna Gun Club". The village and the surrounding area were among the most dangerous areas in Northern Ireland for the British security forces.
For more information see The Troubles in Cullyhanna, which includes a list of incidents in Cullyhanna during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities.
- Fergal Caraher, a Provisional IRA volunteer and Sinn Féin member.
- Maria Caraher, Irish republican activist, school principal and former politician.
- Paul Quinn, a native of the area, who was murdered in 2007.
- Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh, who, until his death, was head of the Catholic Church in Ireland, was born near Cullyhanna. When a new school, St Patrick's Primary, was built in the village, the old school was renovated to provide a heritage centre known as the Ó Fiaich Heritage Centre.
Cullyhanna is home to St Patrick's Gaelic Football Club club (Cumann Naomh Pádraig). It consists of men and women's football teams and also has camogie teams. The recently built[when?] club house facilities are a focus for community activity. They beat Crossmaglen Rangers on 2 October 2016 to reach the Armagh Senior Championship final for the first time in their history.
Cullyhanna forms the Newry & Armagh constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament. The Member of Parliament is Mickey Brady of Sinn Féin. He won the seat in the 2015 United Kingdom general election, retaining it in 2017 and 2019.
- Place Names NI
- Lawlor, Pearse. The Outrages: The IRA and the Ulster Special Constabulary in the Border Campaign. Mercier Press, 2011. pp.26-28
- "Irish Boundary Commission Report". National Archives. 1925. p. 130.
- Caraher family still seeking justice after 17 years
- "Volunteer Fergal Caraher". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- "Praise heaped on Irish-language nursery school Archived 22 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine", Newry Democrat, 29 March 2006
- Harnden, Toby. Bandit Country: the IRA and South Armagh, pg. 86.
- "Newry and Armagh: Mickey Brady retains seat for Sinn Féin, but majority slips". Irish Times.