|Cristóbal, Marqués de Villaverde|
|Consort Duke of Franco|
Coat of Arms for the Marqués de Villaverde
|Marquis of Villaverde|
|Tenure||12 December 1980 – 4 February 1998|
|Predecessor||María de la Esperanza Bordiú y Bascarán|
|Successor||Francisco Martínez-Bordiú y Franco|
|Born||1 August 1922|
Mancha Real, Spain
|Died||4 February 1998 (aged 75)|
|Spouse||Carmen Franco y Polo, 1st Duchess of Franco|
|Issue||María del Carmen, Duchess of Anjou and Cádiz|
María de la O Ardid y Martínez-Bordiú
Francisco Martínez-Bordiú y Franco, 11th Marquis of Villaverde
María del Mar Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
José Cristóbal Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
María de Aránzazu Quiroga y Martínez-Bordiú
Jaime Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
|Father||José María Martínez y Ortega|
|Mother||María de la Esperanza Bordiú y Bascarán, 7th Countess of Argillo|
Don Cristóbal Martínez-Bordiú y Ortega, 10th Marquis of Villaverde (1 August 1922 in Jaén, Mancha Real, Spain – 4 February 1998 in Madrid, Spain), was a Spanish aristocrat, the son in law of dictator Francisco Franco, and a heart surgeon. In Spanish, his peerage is written El X Marqués de Villaverde (English: The 10th Marquis of Villaverde).
He was born Cristóbal Martínez y Bordiú, one of four children of José María Martínez y Ortega (Jaén, Mancha Real, 24 October 1890 – Mancha Real, 10 November 1970) and wife (m. Sabiñán, 2 February 1918) María de la O Esperanza Bordiú y Bascarán (Madrid, 19 December 1896 – Mancha Real, 12 December 1980), 7th Countess of Argillo. Even though his parents did not have as many titles as the Duchess of Alba, they had enough to give each of their sons a title. Andrés Martínez-Bordiú was made the 15th Count of Morata de Jalón, José María Martínez-Bordiú was made the Baron of Gotor, Tomás Martínez-Bordiú was made the Baron of Illueca and Cristóbal was made the 10th Marquess of Villaverde.
When he was 23, he graduated from medical school.
Marriage and children
He was married on 10 April 1950 in the Palacio Real de El Pardo with María del Carmen Franco y Polo, the future Duchess of Franco, the only daughter of Generalísimo Francisco Franco (1939–1975), the Spanish Caudillo. There were more than 800 attending the wedding. It was performed by the Bishop Leopoldo Eijo y Garay of the Diocese of Madrid (now Archdiocese of Madrid). This wedding brought him high social status in the Spain of General Franco. He was nicknamed the Yernísimo, in a clear reference to the title of Generalísimo of his father-in-law (yerno in Spanish means son-in-law, although in Spanish the suffix -ísimo can only be added to certain adjectives to indicate "more than", but it can never be used with nouns). In 13 years, he and his wife had seven children:
- María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco (b. El Pardo, 26 February 1951), who married firstly to Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz, son of HRH the Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia and grandson of King Alfonso XIII; divorced in 1982 and had issue; married secondly in 1984 to Jean-Marie Rossi; divorced in 1995 and had issue; married thirdly in 2006 to José Campos García, without issue.
- Prince Francisco de Asís, Duke of Bourbon (1972-1984)
- Prince Luis Alfonso, Duke of Anjou (1974-), married in 2004 to María Margarita Vargas Santaella and has issue:
- Princess Eugenia of Bourbon (2007-)
- Prince Luis, Duke of Burgundy (2010-)
- Prince Alfonso, Duke of Berry (2010-)
- María Cynthia Rossi (1985-)
- María la O (Mariola) Martínez-Bordiú y Franco (b. El Pardo, 19 November 1952), married in El Pardo on 14 March 1974 Rafael Ardid y Villoslada (b. 1 February 1947), and had issue:
- Francisco Franco y Martínez-Bordiú, 11th Marquis of Villaverde, 2nd Lord of Meriás (b. 9 December 1954)
- María del Mar (Merry) Martínez-Bordiú y Franco (b. 6 July 1956), married firstly at the Pazo de Meirás on 3 August 1977 and divorced in 1982 Joaquín José Giménez-Arnau y Puente (b. 14 September 1943), and had issue, and married secondly in New York City, New York, on 4 August 1986 and divorced in 1991 Gregor Tamler, without issue:
- Leticia Giménez-Arnau y Martínez-Bordiú (b. 25 January 1979), married on 8 August 2008 Marcos Sagrera y Palomo
- Jos�� Cristóbal (Cristóbal) Martínez-Bordiú y Franco (b. El Pardo, 10 February 1958), married civilly in New York City, New York, on 23 November 1984 and religiously in Madrid on 27 October 1990 Model Josefina Victoria Toledo y López (b. San José de Tirajana, Canary Islands, 1963), and had issue:
- María de Aránzazu (Arantxa) Martínez-Bordiú y Franco (b. 16 September 1962), married at the Pazo de Meirás on 27 July 1996 Claudio Quiroga y Ferro, without issue.
- Jaime Felipe (Jaime) Martínez-Bordiú y Franco (b. 8 July 1964), married in Madrid on 24 November 1995 Nuria March y Almela (b. July 1966), and had issue:
- Jaime Martínez-Bordiú y March (b. Madrid, 13 November 1999)
First Spanish heart transplant
Since he was a heart surgeon and great friend and admirer of Dr. Christiaan Barnard, he became the first Spaniard to perform a heart transplant in September 1968. The patient only survived 24 hours. A popular joke was that Villaverde killed more in La Paz (the hospital where he worked, and translating to The Peace) than his father-in-law in the war.
On a visit to Spain Dr. Barnard joked, "I am a surgeon who wants to be a playboy and he is a playboy that wishes to be a surgeon."
Orders and Decorations
- Knight of the Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece
- Grand Collar of the Order of Charles III
- Knight of the Order of Calatrava
- Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic
- Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre
- House of Bourbon: Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Order of the Holy Spirit