County of Veldenz
Veldenz c. 1400
|Status||State of the Holy Roman Empire|
|Common languages||Moselle Franconian|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
• Counts of Veldenz-Geroldseck
• Fell to County of Palatinate-Zweibrücken
• Joined Upper Rhenish Circle
• Counts of Palatinate-Veldenz
• Annexed by the
First French Empire
The County of Veldenz was a principality in the contemporary Land Rhineland-Palatinate. The county was located partially between Kaiserslautern, Sponheim and Zweibrücken, partially on the Mosel in the Archbishopric of Trier. A municipality of the same name, Veldenz, and a castle, Schloss Veldenz, are located in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich.
The Counts of Veldenz separated from the Wildgraves of Kyrburg and Schmidburg family in 1112. The direct male line of the first comital house ceased in 1260 with the death of Gerlach V of Veldenz and his daughter Agnes of Veldenz inherited the county in 1260. Her husband Heinrich of Geroldseck became the founder of the second line of Counts of Veldenz or the House of Veldenz-Geroldseck (Hohengeroldseck).
In 1543, by the Marburg treaty, it was agreed that the uncle of Duke Wolfgang of Zweibrücken, Ruprecht, should receive the county of Veldenz. Ruprecht died in 1544 but his son Hans Georg married Anna Maria of Sweden, a daughter of Gustav I of Sweden in 1563. This was the joining of the House of Wittelsbach with the Swedish Vasa royal family which was strengthened by a further marriage when Johann Casimir of Pfalz-Zweibrücken married Catharina of Sweden, a sister of Gustavus Adolphus in the 17th century. Wolfgang had in 1553 with the Heidelberg Succession agreement regulated the mutual inheritance of all Wittelsbach lines reaching from Veldenz-Palatinate to the county Lützelstein in Alsace. The grandson of Georg Hans, Leopold Ludwig von Lützelstein, died in 1694 without legitimate offspring and the county-Palatinate of Veldenz reverted to the Zweibrücken line.
In 1801 it was incorporated into the Saardepartement of the First French Empire. The Congress of Vienna, 1815, gave the smaller part of the county lying on the Mosel to Prussia and the remainder to Bavaria.
Counts of Veldenz
First Veldenz Line
- Emicho, Count of Kyrburg and Schmidburg (1086–1113)
- Gerlach I, Count of Veldenz (1112–1146)
- Gerlach II, Count of Veldenz (1146–1186)
- Gerlach III, Count of Veldenz (1186–1214)
- Gerlach IV, Count of Veldenz (1214–1254)
- Gerlach V, Count of Veldenz (1254–1260)
- Agnes, Countess of Veldenz (1260–1277)
- Henry, Count of Geroldseck (1277–1298) ∞ Agnes of Veldenz (1258–?)
- Walter, Count of Veldenz (1298–1327)
- George I, Count of Veldenz (1327–1347)
- Henry II, Count of Veldenz (1347–1378)
- Frederick II, Count of Veldenz (1378–1396)
- Henry III, Count of Veldenz (1378–1389)
- Henry IV, Count of Veldenz (1389–1393)
- Frederick III, Count of Veldenz (1393–1444)
- Stephen of Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken (1410–1459), married Anna of Veldenz (1390–1439)
- Louis I of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1459–1489)
- Alexander of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1489–1514)
- Louis II of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1514–1532)
- Wolfgang of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1532–1569). In 1543, he handed Veldenz to his uncle Rupert.
- Rupert, Count Palatine of Veldenz (1543–1544)
- George John I, Count Palatine of Veldenz (1543–1592; or Georg Hans), from 1544 to 1592 Pfalzgraf of Pfalz-Veldenz
- George Gustavus, Count Palatine of Veldenz (1592–1634)
- Leopold Louis, Count Palatine of Veldenz (1634–1694), died without heir, Veldenz returned to Zweibrücken
Continued in the Pfalz-Zweibrücken line.
- (in German) Crollius, Georg Christian: Vorlesung: Von dem ersten geschlecht der alten graven von Veldenz und dessen gemeinschaftlichen abstammung mit den ältern Wildgraven von den graven im Nohgau. Historia et Commentationes. Academiae Electoralis Scientiarvm et Elegantiorvm Litterarvm Theodoro-Palatinae. Mannhemii Typis Academicis 1770 (complete at Google Books)
- (in German) Crollius, Georg Christian: Vorlesung: von dem zweiten geschlechte der grafen von Veldenz, aus dem hause der herren von Geroldseck in der Ortenau. Historia et Commentationes. Academiae Electoralis Scientiarvm et Elegantiorvm Litterarvm Theodoro-Palatinae. Mannhemii Typis Academicis 1778 (complete at Google Books)
- (in German) Gerbert, Martin: Pragmatische Geschichte des Hauses Geroldsek, wie auch derer Reichsherrschaften Hohengeroldsek, Lahr und Mahlberg in Schwaben. Frankfurt und Leipzig 1766 (complete at Google Books)