Laval Nugent von Westmeath
Laval Graf Nugent, Lithography by Eduard Kaiser, 1848
|Born||November 7, 1777|
Ballynacor, County Westmeath, Ireland
|Died||August 21, 1862 (aged 84)|
Karlovac, Austrian Empire
|Allegiance|| Austrian Empire|
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
|Years of service||1793-1862|
First Italian War of Independence
Hungarian Revolution of 1848
In 1793, he joined the Austrian Army, becoming Colonel in 1807, and Chief of Staff of the Army corps of Archduke Johann of Austria in 1809. In 1813, he led the campaign against Viceroy Eugène de Beauharnais, separating French units in Dalmatia and simultaneously joining the English fleet, thus liberating Croatia, Istria and the Po valley. In 1815, during the Neapolitan War, he commanded the right wing of the Austrian Army in Italy, liberated Rome, and defeated Joachim Murat at the Battle of Ceprano and the Battle of San Germano.
In 1816, Nugent was given the title of prince by Pope Pius VII. In 1817, he entered the service of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. He married Countess Giovannina Riario-Sforza who owned property in the small town of Montepeloso (Irsina), in Basilicata. After the outbreak of the Carbonari rebellion in 1820, he returned to serve in the Austrian Army. In 1848, he led an Army Corps under Joseph Radetzky von Radetz against the Piedmontese, in the course of the First Italian War of Independence, and also against the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. He received the title of Field Marshal in 1849.
Nugent died on 22 August 1862 in the Bosiljevo Castle, near Karlovac, and his body was later transferred to a sarcophagus in the Doric temple "Peace for the Hero", in Trsat above Rijeka, next to the sarcophagus of his wife.
- Laval, Graf Nugent von Westmeath. In Meyers Konversations-Lexikon. 5. Auflage, 1896.
- Nugent, Laval Graf von. In ADB. Band 24. Duncker & Humblodt, Leipzig 1875-1912. Online: [permanent dead link]
- Nugent-Westmeath, Laval Graf. In Constantin von Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 20. Band. Wien 1869. Online: 
- Igor Žic, Zbirka starih majstora Pomorskog i povijesnog muzeja Hrvatskog primorja u Rijeci, pg. 126, Centar drustvenih djelatnosti mladih (1993), ISBN 953-6149-00-1