The Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung (German pronunciation: [ˈʁaːt fyːɐ̯ ˈdɔʏtʃə ˈʁɛçtˌʃʁaɪbʊŋ], "Council for German Orthography" or "Council for German Spelling"), or RdR, is the main international body regulating German orthography.
With its seat being in Mannheim, Germany, the RdR was formed in 2004 as a successor to the Zwischenstaatliche Kommission für deutsche Rechtschreibung ("Intergovernmental Commission for German Orthography") in order to include supporters as well as opponents of the German orthography reform of 1996 (and subsequent reforms).
- Germany: 18 councillors
- Austria: 9 councillors
- Switzerland: 9 councillors
- South Tyrol (Italy): 1 councillor
- German-speaking Community of Belgium: 1 councillor
- Liechtenstein: 1 councillor
- Luxembourg: 1 observer (no voting right)
Despite having German as one of its official languages, Luxembourg, which was not involved in devising the reform of 1996, is not a full member of the council. The government of Luxembourg unilaterally adopted the reform.
According to the duchy's largest newspaper, the Luxemburger Wort, Luxembourg does not perceive itself as a "German-speaking country" (the only national language is Luxembourgish) and thus had no right to take part in the council. However, Luxembourg participates in La Francophonie and has members in the Académie française, despite French being only a co-official language, just like German.
The chairman of the Gesellschaft für deutsche Sprache (GfdS) is a member of the council. In 2003, the RdR, the GfdS, the Goethe-Institut and the Institute of the German Language, founded the German Language Council (Deutscher Sprachrat), which was later also joined by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).
- Dittrich, Monika (July 2016). "German Spelling Reform - Nearly a Culture War". Goethe-Institut. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- Official statute of the Council for German Orthography
- "Die Mitglieder" (in German). Council for German Orthography. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- Luxemburger Wort, 9 August 2004
- Carte interactive des Etats et gouvernements membres, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
- Official website (in German)
- All press conferences of the Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung as audio-files (in German)