|Consulate General of the United States,|
Hong Kong and Macau
|Address||No. 26, Garden Road,|
Hong Kong Island,
|Consul General||Hanscom Smith|
|Consulate General of the United States, Hong Kong and Macau|
|Portuguese||Consulado Geral dos Estados Unidos da América, Hong Kong e Macau|
Due to Hong Kong and Macau's special status, and in accordance with the United States–Hong Kong Policy Act, the U.S. Consulate General to Hong Kong operates as an independent mission, with the Consul General as the "Chief of Mission" (with title of "Ambassador)". The Consul General to Hong Kong and Macau is not under the jurisdiction of the United States Ambassador to China, and reports directly to the U.S. Department of State as do other Chiefs of Mission, who are Ambassadors in charge of Embassies.
All recent Consuls-General are at the Career Minister rank in the U.S. Senior Foreign Service, whereas many other Ambassadors are only Minister Counsellor.
Diplomatic relations started in 1843, when the Americans established a consulate in Hong Kong with the consul working out of his residence. 9 Ice House Street (now The Galleria) began hosting the consulate in the early 1920s, and later the 1935 Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank Building became the consulate's home on the second floor. During World War II, the Americans gave the occupying Japanese army the key to the office, and after the war, the key was returned and nothing was damaged in the office. However, the Consul General's residence on The Peak was blown up during the war, and the Japanese used bricks from the building to create a memorial.
In December 1945, the Americans and British signed the Lend-Lease Settlement Statement, an agreement designed to help the British cover post-war costs by allowing the US to buy land on British colonies for government or education uses. Land discussions between the US Consul General and Hong Kong governor began in 1946, when the Republic of China was in control of mainland China. The Americans were offered the 26 Garden Road site, a plot of land measuring 47,000 square feet, and in March 1947, the Americans let the Hong Kong government know that it would like to purchase the site under the Lend-Lease Settlement Statement. The approval was granted three months later, and in 1954, construction plans were announced. Construction was finished in June 1957, and the land lease was signed in 1960.
In the lease, an option to purchase the land as a freehold was included. In January 1997, the US wanted to exercise this option, but the proposal was rejected in favor of a 999-year lease, backdated to start on 9 April 1950. The US has the longest lease in all of the People's Republic of China, as the last 999-year lease granted before this was in 1903, meaning the consulate has 47 more years of length than the next newest 999-year lease.
In the May 2012 Office of Inspector General's report on the consulate, the following statistics were provided on its operations:
- 60,000 U.S. citizens live in Hong Kong and Macau
- For FY 2011, the workload included approximately 8,000 passport adjudications, 3,600 immigrant visas, 65,000 nonimmigrant visa applications, 900 consular reports of birth abroad, and 170 renunciations.
In the newer November 2017 Office of Inspector General's report on the consulate, the following statistics were provided on its operations for Financial Year 2016:
- 125 U.S. direct-hire employees
- 25 Locally Employed Americans (including eligible family members)
- 188 Locally Employed foreign national staff
- FY 2016 operating budget of $40.6M USD
|Agency||US Direct Hire Staff||US Locally Employed Staff||Foreign National Staff||TOTAL||Funding ($ USD)|
|Department of State||85||23||155||263||29,491,535|
|Department of Agriculture||1||0||6||7||1,047,077|
|Department of Commerce||3||0||13||16||2,522,799|
|Department of Defense||12||0||3||15||2,096,511|
|Department of Justice||11||0||1||12||2,024,010|
|Department of Homeland Security||11||1||10||22||3,101,604|
|Department of the Treasury||2||0||1||3||290,456|
Within the consulate, several US agencies operate, including the Department of Homeland Security (Secret Service, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Customs and Border Protection), the Department of Defense, and Department of Justice (Drug Enforcement Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation), and the Department of the Treasury (Internal Revenue Service).
The Consulate building is located at 26 Garden Road. There is an on-site gymnasium in the building.
The consulate's warehouse is located at 11/F, 14/F, and 15/F at Leader Centre, 37 Wong Chuk Hang Rd.
In addition, the Consulate owns employee residences on 37 Shouson Hill Road, where a private shuttle takes employees to the Consulate building. In May 2020, the consulate announced it would accept bids in an attempt to sell the 6 mansions, and with an agreement to re-lease them. The mansions contain up to 10 bedrooms each, and measure 47,382 sqft in total. Bids are estimated to value the property between HKD $3.1 billion - $5 billion. The property was bought in June 1948 for an unknown price, and construction of the buildings was completed in 1983.
There are also 13 employee residences and 14 parking lots at Wilshire Park, 12-14 Macdonnell Road. In addition, the United States also owns one unit at Grenville House, and one unit at Hangking Court, 43 Cloud View Road.
List of U.S. Consuls-General for Hong Kong and Macau
- Thomas W. Waldron (Consul, 1843-1844) 
- Frederick Busch (Consul 1845-1853) 
- Henry Anthon (Vice Consul and occasionally Acting Consul, 1850-1854)
- James Keenan (Consul 1854-61)
- Horace N. Congar (Consul 1862-1865)
- Isaac Jackson Allen (Consul 1865-1869)
- Colonel C.N. Golding (Consul 1869-1870)
- David H. Bailey (Consul 1870-1877)
- Dr. Robert Morris Tindall (Consul 1874)
- H. Selden Loring (Vice Consul 1874)
- John S. Mosby (1878–1885)
- Beverly Clarke Mosby (Vice & Deputy Consul 1884)
- Robert E. Withers (1885-1889)
- Oliver H. Simons (Consul 1889-1893)
- William E. Hunt (Consul 1893-1897)
- Rounsevelle Wildman (Consul General 1897-1901)
- John A. Hunt (Vice & Deputy Consul 1897)
- Edwin Wildman (Vice & Deputy Consul General 1898) 
- William Alvah Rublee (1901-1902)
- Edward S. Bragg (1903–1906)
- Harry M. Hobbins (Vice & Deputy Consul General 1904-05)
- Wilbur T. Gracey (Vice & Deputy Consul General 1905-06)
- Stuart J. Fuller (Vice Consul 1906-10)
- Amos Parker Wilder (Consul General 1906-09)
- George E. Anderson (Consul General 1910-20)
- Algar E. Carleton (Vice & Deputy Consul General 1910-11)
- John B. Sawyer (Vice Consul 1911-14)
- John B. Sawyer (Vice Consul 1915-17)
- Leighton Hope (Vice Consul 1917)
- Algar E. Carleton (Vice Consul 1917)
- Hugh S. Miller (Vice Consul 1921-22)
- Verne S. Staten (Vice Consul 1921)
- Leighton Hope (Consul 1921)
- William H. Gale (Consul General 1921-24)
- William J. McCafferty (Vice Consul 1921-23)
- John B. Sawyer (Vice Consul 1921)
- Francis O. Seidle (Vice Consul 1922)
- William J. McCafferty (Consul 1923)
- Leroy Webber (Vice Consul 1924)
- William J. McCafferty (Consul 1924)
- Maurice Walk (Vice Consul 1924)
- Jake R. Summers (Vice Consul 1924)
- Roger C. Tredwell (Consul General 1925-29)
- Lynn W. Franklin (Consul 1925)
- John J. Muccio (Vice Consul 1926)
- Harold Shantz (Consul 1926-29)
- Kenneth C. Krentz (Vice Consul 1926-32)
- Lynn W. Franklin (Consul 1926-27)
- John J. Muccio (Consul 1927-29)
- Perry N. Jester (Vice Consul 1928-31)
- Cecil B. Lyon (Vice Consul 1932)
- Donald D. Edgar (Vice Consul 1932)
- John R. Putnam (Consul 1932)
- George Bliss Lane (Vice Consul 1932)
- Douglas Jenkins (Consul General 1932)
- Addison E. Southard (Consul General November 5, 1937 – June 30, 1942)
- Karl L. Rankin (October 1949 – August 1950) 
- Walter P. McConaughy (August 1950 – June 1952)
- Julian F. Harrington (July 1952 – December 1954)
- Everett F. Drumright (December 1954 – March 1958)
- James Pilcher (March 1958 – March 1959)
- John M. Steeves (March 1959 – August 1959)
- Ambassador Julius C. Holmes (September 1959 – March 1961)
- Sam P. Gilstrap (April 1961 – October 1961)
- Marshall Green (November 1961 – August 1963)
- Edward E. Rice (February 1964 – September 1967)
- Edwin W. Martin (October 1967 – July 1970)
- David L. Osborn (August 1970 – March 1974)
- Ambassador Charles T. Cross (March 1974 – September 1977)
- Thomas P. Shoesmith (October 1977 – October 1981)
- Burton Levin (February 1982 – July 1986)
- Donald M. Anderson (July 1986 – June 1990)
- Ambassador Richard L. Williams (June 1990 – June 1993)
- Richard W. Mueller (June 1993 – July 1996)
- Ambassador Richard A. Boucher (August 1996 – July 1999)
- Ambassador Michael Klosson (August 1999 – July 2002)
- James R. Keith (August 2002 – April 2005)
- Ambassador James B. Cunningham (4 August 2005 – July 2008)
- Ambassador Joseph R. Donovan, Jr. (August 2008 – July 2009)
- Christopher J. Marut (Acting Consul General) (July 2009 – February 2010)
- Ambassador Stephen M. Young (March 2010 - July 2013)
- Ambassador Clifford A. Hart (July 2013 – July 2016)
- Ambassador Kurt W. Tong (August 2016 – July 2019)
- Hanscom Smith (July 2019 – present)
- British Consulate-General, Hong Kong
- Canadian Consulate-General, Hong Kong (Commission of Canada, Hong Kong prior to 1997)
- Consular missions in Hong Kong
- Diplomatic missions of the United States
- Hong Kong–United States relations
- United States–Hong Kong Policy Act
- Americans in Hong Kong
- Americans in China
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- The Consulate-General's official name is shown as 'Consulate General of the United States, Hong Kong and Macau' on its web-site (http://hongkong.usconsulate.gov Archived April 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine)
- Consulate General of the United States Hong Kong & Macau. "About us". Archived from the original on September 22, 2006.
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- Inspection of Consulate General Hong Kong, China
- "Christopher J. Marut Appointed as Director of the Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan" (Press release). American Institute in Taiwan. May 8, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2012.
- "Chiefs of Mission". U.S. Department of State.
- "'Bad' US consulate to get facelift, says envoy Kurt Tong". South China Morning Post. February 15, 2019. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Mission Overview." Consulate General of the United States, Hong Kong and Macau. April 29, 1997. Retrieved on November 15, 2018.
- "The story of how US consulate got a 999-year lease in central Hong Kong". South China Morning Post. August 18, 2018. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Webb-site Reports". webb-site.com. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
- "Office of Inspector General 2012 Report" (PDF).
- "OIG 2017 report" (PDF).
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- "Inside the US Consul to Hong Kong's residence on The Peak". South China Morning Post. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
- "US government offers to sell six Hong Kong mansions valued at US$645 million". South China Morning Post. May 30, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
- "A rare 999-year lease tops America's property portfolio in Hong Kong". South China Morning Post. June 26, 2020. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
- "U.S.-Hong Kong Diplomatic History". [Consulate General of the United States Hong Kong & Macau.]
- "U.S. consular officials in Hong Kong". The Political Graveyard.
- Grant, Ulysses Simpson (2008). The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant: October 1, 1880-December 31, 1882. ISBN 9780809327768.
- "No. 2731". The London Gazette. May 7, 1901. p. 3123.
- "Bragg, Edward Stuyvesant." Historical Dictionary of the Gilded Age. Leonard Schlup. Editor James Gilbert Ryan. Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe. 2003. Google Books. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
- "About Us: History". Consulate General of the United States Hong Kong & Macau. Archived from the original on January 11, 2013. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
- "List of former Consuls-General". Archived from the original on May 13, 2007.
- "US Consul General in Hong Kong". NNDB.
- "Julius Cecil Holmes - Brigadier General, United States Army - American Diplomat".
- "Index to Politicians: Williams, O to R". The Political Graveyard.
- "Richard Mueller". Hong Kong International School new Head of School. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011.
- "Announcement of Stephen M. Young as New Consul General of the United States of America in Hong Kong". Consulate General of the United States Hong Kong & Macau. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012.
- "US consul general in Hong Kong named as Hanscom Smith, replacing Kurt Tong as Washington's top diplomat in city and Macau". South China Morning Post. June 14, 2019.
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