Constituent National Assembly
Coat of arms of German-Austria
|Founded||16 February 1919|
|Disbanded||10 November 1920|
|Preceded by||Provisional National Assembly|
|Succeeded by||National Council and Federal Council|
|16 February 1919|
|17 October 1920|
The Constituent National Assembly (German: Konstituierende Nationalversammlung), elected on 16 February 1919, was the first parliament in Austria's history to be elected by women and men in free and equal elections. On 4 March 1919 it replaced the Provisional National Assembly based on the 1911 Imperial Council elections. The National Assembly adopted the Habsburg Act, ratified the Treaty of Saint-Germain, which sealed the collapse of Cisleithania and demanded Austria's independence from Germany. In its last meeting on 1 October 1920, the assembly created the until-now lasting Constitution of Austria.
On 15 March 1919, the assembly established the State Council, which consisted of the three Presidents of the National Assembly and 20 other deputies. The previous rotation between the three chairpersons of the National Assembly became defunct; the President of the National Assembly, Karl Seitz, served as head of state until the election of the first President of Austria on 9 December 1920.
Due to the new constitution, the National Assembly was replaced on 10 November 1920 by the National Council and the Federal Council. The state government became a federal government, the state law gazette became a federal law gazette, the state chancellor was replaced by the federal chancellor and the term "state secretary" was changed to "minister".
- AUSTRIA VOTES TODAY. - German Part of Former Dual Monarchy Chooses Its Constituent Assembly., The New York Times, February 16, 1919 (PDF)
- Suppan, Arnold. "Austrians, Czechs, and Sudeten Germans as a Community of Conflict in the Twentieth Century" (PDF). conservancy.umn.edu. Center for Austrian Studies, Minnesota. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Nohlen & Stöver, p173