In India a community development block (CD block) is a rural area administratively earmarked for development. The area is administered by a Block Development Officer, supported by several technical specialists and village level workers. A community development block covers several gram panchayats, local administrative unit at the village level.
In some states of India CD Blocks are currently considered to be 3rd-level administrative units (equal to tehsils in other states). Bihar, for example, has 38 districts, 101 subdivions (sub-districts) and 534 CD Blocks. West Bengal has 18 districts and 341 development blocks.
The concept of the community development block was first suggested by Grow More Food (GMF) Enquiry Committee in 1952 to address the challenge of multiple rural development agencies working without a sense of common objectives. Based on the GMF Enquiry Committee's recommendations, the community development programme was launched on a pilot basis in 1952 to provide for a substantial increase in the country’s agricultural programme, and for improvements in systems of communication, in rural health and hygiene, and in rural education and also to initiate and direct a process of integrated culture change aimed at transforming the social and economic life of villagers. The community development programme was rapidly implemented. In 1956, by the end of the first five-year plan period, there were 248 blocks, covering around a fifth of the population in the country. By the end the second five-year plan period, there were 3,000 blocks covering 70 per cent of the rural population. By 1964, the entire country was covered.
States with Blocks (3rd level administration)
|State||CD Block||Number of |
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