|Historical leaders||Joseph Jacquemotte|
Louis Van Geyt
|Founded||September 3, 1921|
|Merger of||Communist Party|
Belgian Communist Party
|Succeeded by||Kommunistische Partij|
|Newspaper||De Roode Vaan (Flemish)|
Le Drapeau Rouge (French)
|Youth wing||Communist Youth of Belgium|
|Paramilitary wing||Partisans Armés (1940-43)|
|Membership (1965)||11,000 (peak)|
|International affiliation||Comintern (1919–1943)|
|European Parliament group||Communist and Allies Group (1973–1989)|
The Communist Party of Belgium (Dutch: Kommunistische Partij van België; French: Parti Communiste de Belgique) was a political party in Belgium. The youth wing of KPB/PCB was known as the Communist Youth of Belgium. The party published a newspaper known as Le Drapeau Rouge in French and De Roode Vaan in Dutch.
It was formed at a congress in Anderlecht on September 3–4, 1921. KPB/PCB was formed through the unification of two groups, the Communist Party led by War Van Overstraeten and the Belgian Communist Party led by Joseph Jacquemotte, following a split from the Belgian Workers Party. At the time of its foundation, KPB/PCB had around 500 members. KPB/PCB became the Belgian section of the Communist International.
The party gained parliamentary presence in 1925, as both Van Overstraeten and Jacquemotte were elected MPs.
By 1935 KPB/PCB had 9 deputies in the lower house of parliament and 4 senators. In 1938 it had a membership of about 8,500.
During the Second World War, the party had to go underground during German occupation. The party was also closely affiliated with the Partisans Armés, a resistance group during the occupation, however in 1943 much of the party leadership was arrested by German forces. After the end of the war, the party was strengthened and obtained 25% in the parliamentary elections. The party participated in a coalition government with the socialists and the liberals from 1946 to 1947.
On August 18, 1950 the party chairman, Julien Lahaut, was assassinated.
KPB/PCB lost its parliamentary presence in 1985.
Several foreign communist parties, American, British, German, French and Dutch, had branches in Belgium.
Chairmen of KPB/PCB
General Secretaries of KPB/PCB
- Edgard Lalmand 1943–1954
Communist burgomasters (mayors)
- Marcel Levaux (1926–2006), last mayor of Cheratte (Liège province) from April 1971 to December 1976 (in 1977 this commune was absorbed into Visé), deputy from 1968 to 1981
- René Noël, last mayor of Cuesmes (Hainaut province) from 1965 to 1971 (in 1972 this commune was absorbed into Mons), senator from 1949 to 1950, then again from 1954 to 1974
- Marcel Mereau, mayor of Hensies (Hainaut province)
- Elie Hoyas, mayor of Le Roeulx (Hainaut province) from 1976 to 1982
- Marcel Couteau, mayor of Le Roeulx (Hainaut province) from 1982 to 1985, deputy from 1968 to 1974
- Henri Glineur, mayor of Roux (now a part of Charleroi, Hainaut province) from 1947 to 1950, senator from 1946 to 1954
- René Mathy, last mayor of Vyle-et-Tharoul (in 1977 this commune was absorbed into Marchin, Liège province)
- Paul Carette, mayor of Warchin (in 1977 this commune was absorbed into Tournai, Hainaut province)
- Geschiedenis van de Belgische KP (in Dutch)
- 1928: Splitsing tussen trotskisten en stalinisten in Belgische KP
- 1921-1996: PC Archived 2005-03-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Benjamin, Roger W.; Kautsky, John H.. Communism and Economic Development, in The American Political Science Review, Vol. 62, No. 1. (Mar., 1968), pp. 122.
- Official results of the 1978 and 1981 parliamentary elections in the Brussels-Hal-Vilvorde arrondissement; Didier Bajura and Daniel Fedrigo, the two last PCB MP's, during the 1981 to 1985 legislature, were elected in Wallonia
- Khoojinian, Mazyar (February 14, 2009). "Les Communistes turcs en Belgique (1972-1989)" (PDF) (in French). CArCoB – Archives Communistes. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)