|Elevation||70 m (230 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC±0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (IST)|
|Telephone area code||045|
|Irish Grid Reference|
Clane (Irish: Claonadh) is a town in County Kildare, Ireland, 35.4 km (22 mi) from Dublin. Its population of 7,280 makes it the eighth largest town in Kildare and the 66th largest in Ireland. It is on the River Liffey. Clane gives its name to the associated townland, civil parish, electoral division and barony.
The town most probably owes its origin to the foundation of Clane Friary in the sixth century, from about 520 A.D., when Ailbe of Emly, Bishop of Ferns, founded an Abbey in Clane and made St. Senchel the Elder its first Abbot. Saint Ultan Tua, who used to put a stone into his mouth to prevent him from speaking during Lent, and his brother Fotharnaise, are said to have been buried in Clane. They were brothers of Maighend, Abbot of Kilmainham, from whom the parish and church of Mainham, near Clane, were probably called. King Mesgegra's Mound claims links to the legendary first-century AD king Mesgegra of Leinster and was later used by Normans.
The ruins of the Franciscan monastery founded at Clane by Sir Gerald FitzMaurice, 3rd Lord Ophaly, in 1272 still exist. In 1542, Henry VIII’s Commissioner granted the site and precincts of this House of Friars, manor or preaching-house of the preaching Friars of Clane to Robert Eustace, Roger Roche and Ed. Brown for £177. Besides about 70 acres (28 ha) of land in the neighbourhood - its possessions consisted of a church, cemetery, chapter-house, dormitory, store, kitchen, two chambers, stable and orchard. The dormitory and other buildings probably stood on the north side of the Abbey Church, and have long since completely disappeared.
The parish of Clane has the distinction of being the place where the rebellion of 1798 broke out; a battle between the United Irishmen and the Yeomen forces led by Richard Griffith took place on Coiseanna Hill by the modern Woods Centre. The rebels were easily defeated, and the survivors fled to Timahoe with the rest of the North Kildare rebels.
Features and amenities
Clane has two Liffey tributaries, the Butter Stream at the south west, with a small park, and the Gollymochy River at the eastern side.
Clane Friary and Abbey Cemetery lie to the south of the village. The Abbey, on Main Street, was formerly a church, then a ruin, and has since been restored into a community centre and garden of remembrance. The Wogan Mausoleum and churchyard lies at Mainham.
Clane is something of a commuter town for Dublin, which lies 32 km (20 mi) to the east.
As of the 2016 census, Clane had a population of 7,280 people, an increase from 6,702 in the 2011 census. According to the 2011 census, 2,565 people then spoke Irish in Clane (with 880 people speaking it daily). 984 people speak a language other than English or Irish, with Polish the most common foreign language (with 336 speakers).
A commuter railway station in Sallins, approximately 6 km (4 mi) from Clane, has a service to Dublin. The town is also served by Bus Éireann, which operates regular bus service between Edenderry and Dublin. A rapid town link service, provided by private operator JJ Kavanagh and Sons operates hourly between Clane, Sallins and Naas, while a route to Maynooth University served by the same company operates on weekdays.
Clane GAA is located on the Prosperous Road, and is one of the most successful senior clubs in Kildare. The club last won the Kildare Senior Football Championship in 1997. Clane United is the local soccer club.
Primary schools (national schools) serving the area include Hewetsons N.S. (located near Millicent), Scoil Bhríde G.N.S. (on the Prosperous Road), and Scoil Phádraig B.N.S. (also on the Prosperous Road).
According to the 2011 census, 53% of residents of Clane have completed second level education and 38.4% had gone on to third level.
Saint Patrick's & Saint Brigid's Church is the Catholic place of worship, part of the Catholic parish of Clane and Rathcoffey. It first opened in 1884, and was renovated after a fire in 2008, which left the church unsafe. The local Church of Ireland church is Church of St Michael and All Angels, Millicent (C of I parish of Clane and Donadea), a 19th-century building noted for its architecture and interior.
The town of Clane is one of the settings in the early life of Stephen Daedalus, the protagonist in James Joyce's novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. (Joyce had been educated at nearby Clongowes Wood College).
- Willam Dongan, 1st Earl of Limerick (ca. 1626-1698), Royalist and Cavalier, was a supporter of King Charles I of England during the English Civil War and the contemporary wars in Ireland; afterwards he worked for the restoration of King Charles II of England during his exile in Europe. He was a landowner in Clane barony with 32,000 acres (12,950 ha) in Ireland. The successor to Sir Walter Dongan, 3rd Baronet, he was 4th Baronet (cr. 1622/23) and was subsequently created 1st Baron Dongan of Castletown and 1st Viscount Dungan of Clane, both in 1661/62. He became 1st Earl of Lymerick (now spelt "Limerick") in 1685/86. Privy Councillor (I.); Knight of Alcantara, and governor and regimental colonel (Spain); Colonel, the Earl of Lymerick's Regiment of Dragoons; Governor of Limerick; and Lord Lieutenant of Co. Kildare
- Charles Handy, contemporary social commentator
- Graham Hopkins, musician
- Josef Locke, tenor
- Mark Walsh, jockey
- Charles Wolfe, poet
- Theobald Wolfe Tone, patriot
- Ronnie Wood, musician
- Hermann Geissel, 1996: The Shady Road to Clane
- Bryan Sammon, Paddy Behan and Liam Burke, 2006: Clane: The Village We Knew
- Journal the Kildare Archaeological Society, references include Volume I: pp17, 25-33, 91, 168, 189, 292, 311, 312, 313. Volume II: pp50–51, 158, 370, 457(Corrigenda). Volume IV: pp35–46, 68, 460. Volume V: pp349. Volume VI: pp180, 302-303, 343, and on specific topics:
- Bridge of Clane, Volume III: p106.
- Clane Abbey Volume III: pp101–106.
- Clane Abbeyland Volume XIII: p64.
- Clane Priory Volume III: pp105–106. Volume XII: p393.
- Clane Rangers Volume VI: p347.
- Clergy of Clane, Volume IV: pp36, 44, 46, 169.
- Moat at Clane, Volume I: pp27, 313, 405. Volume III: pp107–111.
- Parish Register of Clane, Volume IV: pp40–41.
- St. Brigid's thimble, chair, road and well Volume III: p269.
- Union of Clane Volume XVII: pp118–120.
- Clane & Rathcoffey Ecclesiastical History Committee, 2011: A History of Christianity in Clane & Rathcoffey
- "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Clane". Census 2016. CSO. 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- Details of the Clane Townland, Civil Parish, Barony and Electoral Division
- "Seamus Cullen's Personal Web Site". seamuscullen.net. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-29. Retrieved 2016-01-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "AREA PROFILE FOR TOWN CLANE CO. KILDARE" (PDF).
- "Clane Rugby FC". www.pitchero.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23.
- "Scoil Bhríde Girls National School".
- "Scoil Phádraig Boys National School".
- "Mass Times for Clane, Church of St. Patrick and St. Brigid. Parish of Clane & Rathcoffey, Diocese of Kildare and Leighlin". www.claneparish.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23.
- Dungan, Thomas P. John Dongan of Dublin: An Elizabethan Gentleman and His Family, Baltimore, GPC, 1996, esp. pp. 116-123, with mult. ref.
- "Mark Walsh". Horse Racing Ireland. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
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