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|Founded||11 October 1993 (MDC) |
7 December 2002 (PR)
10 September 2003 (MRC)
|Split from||Socialist Party|
|Headquarters||9 rue du Faubourg Poissonnière|
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The Citizen and Republican Movement (Mouvement républicain et citoyen) is a political party in France. The party replaced, in 2002, the Citizens' Movement (Mouvement des citoyens, MDC) founded by Jean-Pierre Chevènement, who left the Socialist Party (PS) in 1993 due to his opposition to the Persian Gulf War and to the Maastricht Treaty. It is a Eurosceptic party with leftist aspirations.
Chevènement led the list l'autre politique (the Other Policy) for 1994 European Parliament election. It included members of left-wing opposition (socialist and communist candidates) to Maastricht Treaty, feminists, radicals and Gaullists.
The MDC supported the Socialist candidate Lionel Jospin for the 1995 presidential election, then integrated the Gauche plurielle coalition. From 1997 to 2000, it was represented in the government by Chevènement as Interior Minister. In order to prepare the 2002 presidential election, Chevènement created the Pôle républicain, which included a wide range of politicians: radicals, Gaullists, souverainists, socialists. He won over 5% and is sometimes blamed for Jospin's elimination. Its lack of success in the legislative election (losing all 7 MDC deputies elected in 1997) prompted Chevènement to rename his party the Citizen and Republican Movement. Chevènement was defeated in his seat in Territoire-de-Belfort.
The foundation of the MRC meant a realignment to the left. Indeed, the Pôle républicain was supposed to gather "the Republicans of the left and the right".
Chevènement and the MRC supported the Socialist Ségolène Royal's candidacy in the 2007 presidential election, to prevent a new 21 April 2002 shock. The MRC fielded candidates in the 2007 French legislative election, including Chevènement in Territoire-de-Belfort, seat he had lost in 2002 to the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). He failed to win back his seat, but a former Gaullist of the left, Christian Hutin was elected in the Nord département.
The party has one Senator, Chevènement, who sits in the European Democratic and Social Rally (RDSE) group, which is the most Europhile group. It also has 19 regional councillors and 8 general councillors.
In October 2018, PS MEP Emmanuel Maurel and senator Marie-Noëlle Lienemann announced that they would leave the Socialists to ally with the MRC in a new party called "Gauche républicaine et socialiste" (GRS). On 12 November 2018, a group presided over by Jean-Marie Alexandre announced the reconstitution of the MDC as a party.
- "Le gaullisme pluriel essaime à gauche et à droite: Laurent de Boissieu". www.gaullisme.net.
- "Trois visions du gaullisme pour une présidentielle: Charles Pasqua, Patrick Devedjian, Jean-Pierre Chevènement". www.gaullisme.net.
- "Mouvement des Citoyens MDC". www.france-politique.fr.
- "Après quarante-sept ans au Parti socialiste, Marie-Noëlle Lienemann annonce son départ". Le Monde. 13 October 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
- "L'Assemblée Générale Extraordinaire". Le Mouvement des Citoyens. 12 November 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2019.