Church Street is a short, but heavily travelled, north-south street in Lower Manhattan in New York City. Its southern end is at Trinity Place, of which it is a continuation, and its northern end is at Canal Street.
Trinity Place begins at Battery Place and runs uptown, passing west of Trinity Church, the Trinity and United States Realty Buildings and Zuccotti Park. At Liberty Street it becomes Church Street, which forms the eastern boundary of the World Trade Center to Vesey Street. At Franklin Street, a few blocks south of Canal Street, Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue) branches off. Trinity Place, Church Street, and Avenue of the Americas form a continuous northbound four-lane through-route from Lower Manhattan to Central Park.
Church Street is named after Trinity Church, a historic Gothic-style parish church on Broadway at Wall Street. Extended in 1784, Church Street was in existence as early as 1761. Part of the street was owned by the church, but was given to the city in 1804.:39 Trinity Place is also a namesake of the church, being named so in 1834, prior to which it was known at various times as "Lumber Street" and "Lombard Street".:101
Before 1869, the south end of Church Street was at Fulton Street, three blocks north of Trinity Place. Then, over several years, an 80-foot wide connection was cut through the intervening blocks and Trinity Place was widened to 80 feet and extended south to Morris Street. (Church Street north of Fulton Street was left 40 feet wide.) The work, plagued by delays and allegedly corruption, was completed by the end of 1872.
In June 1878 an elevated railway line, the IRT Sixth Avenue Line, opened. It ran on Trinity Place and Church Street to Murray Street, where it turned west and then north on West Broadway. It closed in 1938 and was razed the following year.
As part of the construction of the Eighth Avenue subway line, from 1929 to 1932 Church Street was widened between Fulton Street and Franklin Street from 40 feet including 10-foot sidewalks, to 90 feet including 15-foot sidewalks. Only the west property line was moved; the east side of the street was left intact.
The Church Street Station post office at 90 Church Street serves the 10048 ZIP code as well as the surrounding area, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is the Canal Street Station post office at the north end of Church Street. Other notable buildings include the rear of the 1765 St. Paul's Chapel, St. Peter's Church, and the residential towers at 30 Park Place and 56 Leonard Street.
Near Rector Street, Trinity Place passes under the Trinity Place bridge. Completed in 1989, the bridge is a private elevated walkway connecting the rear side of Trinity Church to its parish house across Trinity Place.
The IND Eighth Avenue Line (A, C, and E trains) in the New York City Subway runs below Church Street from Liberty Street to Sixth Avenue. A portion of the BMT Broadway Line (N, R, and W trains) runs under Church Street south of Vesey Street. The Cortlandt Street station, damaged in the September 11 attacks, is adjacent to the former site of the Twin Towers.
- Moscow, Henry (1978), The Street Book: An Encyclopedia of Manhattan's Street Names and Their Origins, New York: Hagstrom Company, ISBN 0823212750
- Perris, William. Maps of the City of New-York. Third Edition. Volume 1. Title page and volume key (New York: Perris & Browne, 1857)
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- "The Church Street Extension" (PDF). The New York Times. May 6, 1869.
- "Church Street Extension" (PDF). The New York Times. August 13, 1870.
- "Cholera Seeds" (PDF). The New York Times. August 19, 1871.
- "New York and Suburban News: New York" (PDF). The New York Times. December 15, 1872. paragraph 5.
- Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (1995), The Encyclopedia of New York City, New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 0300055366, "Elevated railways", paragraphs 2 and 7.
- G. W. Bromley & Co. (1879). Plate 1 (Map). Atlas of the Entire City of New York. Complete in One Volume. New York: Geo. W. Bromley & E. Robinson.
- "Days of Yore Recalled as 'L' Line Goes". Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. December 5, 1938. p. 9. Retrieved June 30, 2019 – via Newspapers.com .
- "$9,631,760 Awarded on Church Street". The New York Times. January 6, 1929. "Transit Board Land Ceded To Boroughs". The New York Times. January 28, 1932.
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- Media related to Church Street (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons