|Born||Francis Chuck Patton|
|Justice League of America|
|Awards||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program, 1999|
Francis Chuck Patton is an African-American comics artist and animator. He is best known for his work on DC Comics' Justice League of America in the 1980s, specifically for the period in which the team relocated to Detroit and was staffed with new, multicultural super-heroes. With writer Gerry Conway, Patton created Gypsy and Vibe, as well as redesigning Vixen and Steel: The Indestructible Man.
A self-taught comics artist, although with a degree in art, Patton's influences included José Luis García-López, John Buscema, Gil Kane, Neal Adams, and Dick Giordano. Patton was interested in journalism, but was enticed into a comics career in large part thanks to Giordano by then a top executive at DC. Patton entered the comics industry in 1983 by penciling a brief run of Creeper back-up stories in The Flash.
After drawing various titles including Green Lantern, The Brave and the Bold, and the "Green Arrow" backup feature in Detective Comics, Patton became the artist of Justice League of America beginning with the August 1983 issue. During this period, Patton's roommate was fellow comics artist Shawn McManus. Patton drew issues ##217–227 and 233–239 of JLA, a period in the title's history when it underwent great changes — including the core characters of Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman leaving the team, and the introduction of the new multicultural lineup. These changes were not well received by readers, and Patton left the title feeling as if he bore the brunt of the fans' anger. In addition to Gypsy and Vibe, Patton also co-created the Cadre, the Overmaster, and Paragon. Vibe has since become a supporting character on The CW's television series The Flash, portrayed by actor Carlos Valdes.
After leaving Justice League, Patton was unsuccessful in gaining another regular penciling assignment. Instead, he worked on single issues or short runs of such DC titles as Action Comics Weekly, Blue Beetle, Legion of Super-Heroes, The New Teen Titans, Omega Men, The Outsiders, Secret Origins, and Vigilante. He was one of the contributors to the DC Challenge limited series in 1985.
During this period, Patton did sporadic work for Eclipse Comics and Marvel Comics, on such titles as New DNAgents, Daredevil, and Classic X-Men. He was considered to replace the outgoing Todd McFarlane on The Incredible Hulk, but turned the offer down when he was asked to emulate McFarlane's distinctive art style.
In 1988, after half a decade in the comics industry, Patton became disillusioned with comics and moved into children's television animation. He was living in Los Angeles by this time, which is where most animated series were produced. Patton's credits include Dinosaucers, G.I. Joe, Captain N: The Game Master, The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3, Inspector Gadget Saves Christmas, and Teen Titans.
Patton has become a successful animation director, helming such projects as Dead Space: Downfall, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and Todd McFarlane's Spawn, for which Patton garnered an Emmy Award for "Outstanding Animated Program".
- 1993 - Outstanding Animated Program (nomination) — Inspector Gadget Saves Christmas
- 1999 - Outstanding Animated Program — Todd McFarlane's Spawn
- Action Comics Weekly #613–618 (Nightwing) (1988)
- Batman #385 (1985)
- Blue Beetle #10 (1987)
- The Brave and the Bold #198 (Batman and Karate Kid) (1983)
- DC Challenge #2 (1985)
- Detective Comics #533–534 (Green Arrow backup stories) (1983–1984)
- The Flash #320–323 (Creeper backup stories) (1983)
- Green Lantern vol. 2 #163, 177 (1983–1984)
- Justice League of America #217–227, 233–239, Annual #2 (1983–1985)
- Justice League of America vol. 2 #7 (three pages) (2007)
- Legion of Super-Heroes vol. 3 #19 (1986)
- The New Teen Titans vol. 2 #15–16 (1985–1986)
- Omega Men #29–30, 36 (1985–1986)
- Outsiders Special #1 (1987)
- Secret Origins vol. 2 #12 (Challengers of the Unknown) (1987)
- Tales of the Teen Titans #56–58 (1985)
- Teen Titans Spotlight #13, 16 (1987)
- Vigilante #6–7, 31, 33, 35 (1984–1986)
- Who's Who: The Definitive Directory of the DC Universe #1, 3–5, 10–11, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22–23, 26 (1985–1987)
- Who's Who: Update '87 #4–5 (1987)
- New DNAgents #4, 6, 11 (1985–1986)
- Classic X-Men #14���15 (1987)
- Daredevil #245 (1987)
- Marvel Super-Heroes vol. 2 #2 (Tigra) (1990)
- Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition #16 (1987)
- Jaramillo, Janet (November 4, 2005). "Animation Update: One-on-One with Spawn Director Chuck Patton". TMP International, Inc. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006.
- Kelly, Rob (April 20, 2009). "Aquaman Shrine Interview with Chuck Patton - 2009". The Aquaman Shrine. Archived from the original on September 15, 2015.
- Chuck Patton at the Grand Comics Database
- Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1980s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 209. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
The prestigious Justice League of America got a bit easier to join, thanks to writer Gerry Conway and artist Chuck Patton. Marking the debut of camouflaging hero Gypsy, the shockwave-casting Vibe, and the second generation hero Steel, this landmark comic saw many of the more famous League members step down in order to make way for a younger roster to carry on their legacy.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Greenberger, Robert (August 2017). "It Sounded Like a Good Idea at the Time: A Look at the DC Challenge!". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (98): 36–37.
- Franks, Don (2004). Entertainment Awards: A Music, Cinema, Theatre and Broadcasting Guide, 1928 Through 2003. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 459. ISBN 978-0786417988.
- Chuck Patton at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)
- Chuck Patton on IMDb
- Chuck Patton at Mike's Amazing World of Comics
- "Chuck Patton". Justice League Detroit Blogspot. February 25, 2009. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
| Justice League of America