The Chronicon (Chronicle) or Temporum liber (Book of Times) was a universal chronicle written by Jerome. It was one of his earliest attempts at history. It was composed c. 380 in Constantinople; this is a translation into Latin of the chronological tables which compose the second part of the Chronicon of Eusebius, with a supplement covering the period from 325 to 379. Despite numerous errors taken from Eusebius, and some of his own, Jerome produced a valuable work of universal history, if only for the example which it gave to such later chroniclers as Prosper of Aquitaine, Cassiodorus, and Victor of Tunnuna to continue his annals. In conformity with the Chronicon of Eusebius (early 4th century), Jerome dated Creation to 5201 BC.
The Chronicle includes a chronology of the events of Greek mythology, based on the work of Hellenistic scholars such as Apollodorus, Diodorus Siculus, and Eusebius. While the earlier parts are obviously unhistorical, there may be scattered remnants of historical events of late Mycenean Greece from entries of the 12th century BC. (See the historicity of the Iliad. Notably, Jerome's date for the capture of Troy of 1183 BC corresponds remarkably well with the destruction layer of Troy VIIa, the main candidate for the historical inspiration of legendary Troy, dated to c. 1190 BC.) Homer himself is dated to 940 BC, while modern scholarship usually dates him after 800 BC.
From Adam until the 14th year of Valens, 5,579 years
- From Abraham to the capture of Troy (26 kings of the Assyrians), 835 years
- Ninus, son of Belus reigned 52 years, Abraham, Zoroaster
- Semiramis, 42 years
- Zameis, 38 years; covenant of Abraham with God (1942 BC)
- Arius reigned for 30 years; birth of Isaac (1912 BC)
- Aralius, 40 years
- Xerxes Balaneus , 30 years; Inachus reigned for 50 years (1856 BC)
- Armamitres, 38 years
- Belocus, 35 years; birth of Joseph (1765 BC); Ogygian Flood (1757 BC)
- Balaeus, 52 years; famine in Egypt (1727 BC)
- Altadas, 32 years; Prometheus
- Mamynthus, 30 years
- Magchaleus, 30 years
- Sphaerus, 20 years; birth of Moses (1592 BC)
- Mamylus, 30 years
- Sparetus, 40 years; Deucalian flood (1526 BC)
- Ascatades, 40 years; Moses on Mount Sinai (1515 BC)
- Amynthes, 45 years; birth of Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon (1445 BC)
- Belochus, 25 years
- Bellepares, 30 years; Perseus
- Lamprides, 32 years; Tros (1365 BC)
- Sosares, 20 years; Pegasus
- Lampares, 30 years; Europa, temple at Eleusis
- Pannias, 45 years; Miletus; Argonauts; Oedipus; Gideon
- Sosarmus, 19 years; Hercules, Priam, Theseus, the war of the Seven against Thebes (1234 BC)
- Mithraeus, 27 years; Olympic games (1212 BC)
- Tautanes, 32 years; Trojan War (1191-1182 BC)
- From the capture of Troy until the first Olympiad, 406 years.
- from the first Olympiad, to the 14th year of Valens, 1,155 years
- Galloway, Andrew. The Penn Commentary on Piers Plowman, p. 69. Vide Piers Plowman.
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