Christopher Hovelle Wood
5 November 1935
Lambeth, London, England
|Died||9 May 2015 (aged 79)|
|Other names||Timothy Lea|
Christopher Hovelle Wood (5 November 1935 – 9 May 2015) was an English screenwriter and novelist, best known for the Confessions series of novels and films which he wrote as Timothy Lea. Under his own name, he adapted two James Bond novels for the screen: The Spy Who Loved Me (1977, with Richard Maibaum) and Moonraker (1979).
Wood's many novels divide into four groups: semi-autobiographical literary fiction, historical fiction, adventure novels, and pseudonymous humorous erotica.
Life and career
Christopher Wood was the son of Walter Leonard Wood and Audrey Maud (Hovell) Wood (born 1906). They were married in 1935. He was born in London borough of Lambeth. Wood had three children, one of whom is film producer and literary agent Caroline Wood.
Wood died at his apartment in southwest France on 9 May 2015, and was survived by his son and daughter. However, his death was not widely known until Sir Roger Moore paid tribute to him on Twitter on 17 October.
Education, military experience and writing career
Wood's parents sent their son to board at Edward VI Grammar School in Norwich to protect him from The Blitz. The Baedeker Blitz of April 1942 saw the adjacent medieval school bombed into rubble. Wood continued his education at King's College Junior School in London where he found himself at risk from "drunken, mentally disturbed, sexual predators" among the staff.
Wood graduated from Peterhouse at Cambridge University in 1960 with degrees in economics and law. He did his mandatory military service in Cyprus, which inspired his second novel Terrible Hard, Says Alice. Novelist and fellow future Bond writer William Boyd praised the book, citing it as one of the few convincing examples of accounts of war alongside Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms and Joseph Heller's Catch-22.
Wood's African experiences inspired two novels: his first, Make it Happen to Me and his adventure novel A Dove Against Death (1983). Of A Dove Against Death, he recalled, "I was helping to conduct a plebiscite in the Southern Cameroons under UN supervision in 1960. An old man came out of a hut wearing what at first glance I thought was a brass coal scuttle. Then I realized that it was German helmet with a spike on it. My interest began then. Many years later came the story." After considerable research, Wood discovered records of a Dove that was sent to south-west Africa and a wireless station in Togoland that the Germans built and the British destroyed, all of which he wove together to create the novel.
Wood became an account executive at the advertising agency Masius Wynne-Williams where he managed national brands. Like his Masius colleague Desmond Skirrow, Wood used the daily train commutes between his Royston home and London to write his first several books.
After unsuccessful attempts submitting scripts for television, Wood wrote his first novel which he entitled Nobody Here But Us Pickens. The publishers retitled it Make it Happen to Me. Sales were poor and the book was subsequently withdrawn after a threatened defamation lawsuit.
Wood pitched the idea of a series of erotic comic novels to his publishers at Sphere paperbacks. The first of these books, Confessions of a Window Cleaner, went through multiple editions.
Wood intended to continue writing literary fiction, but found the demands on his time too great. He reluctantly decided that "serious writing" would have to wait while the Confessions books were selling. Among projects that were put aside include a tell-all novel about the advertising world.
Critic Richard Newman in Books and Bookmen considered this dichotomy in his review of Wood's historical novel John Adam – Samurai. "I just can't make up my mind about John Adam – Samurai – or, for that matter, its author, Christopher Wood. As a piece of sheer escapism, it's fantastic: it's got just the right amount of tongue-in-cheek cheekiness. My problem is — did he write it as a piece of cerebral fantasy to escape from the frustration of weekdays spent in a London advertising agency (in which case, bully for him); or does he want to be taken as a 'serious' author. To me, however, it's as if all the fantasies of this London advertising man [...] had, at the advanced age of 36, broken out into a cold sweat. Psychiatrists tell us we should shed our fantasies by the time we reach our mid-thirties, so perhaps Christopher Wood is doing just that. And yet, underlying it all, one feels that he has done his homework and knows his Samurai very well. And he really makes you think you are watching it all. Qualities like this are worth developing. His is the imagination which could come up with something really good."
Confessions, and other pseudonymous works
Wood was also responsible for the Confessions series of novels and their film adaptations, written under the pseudonym Timothy Lea. They are Confessions of a Window Cleaner, Confessions of a Driving Instructor, Confessions from a Holiday Camp, Confessions From a Hotel, Confessions of a Travelling Salesman, Confessions of a Film Extra, Confessions From the Clink, Confessions of a Private Soldier, Confessions From the Pop Scene (adapted into the movie Confessions of a Pop Performer), Confessions From a Health Farm, Confessions From the Shop Floor, Confessions of a Long Distance Lorry Driver, Confessions of a Plumber's Mate, Confessions of a Private Dick, Confessions From a Luxury Liner, Confessions From a Nudist Colony, Confessions of a Milkman, Confessions of an Ice Cream Man and Confessions From a Haunted House. Wood told an interviewer for The Independent in 2013: "The books, and later the films, got terrible reviews, but they were successful, and success was its own currency".
Wood told Penthouse that each Confessions book took approximately five weeks to complete. "They were funny then, and they are funny now", Wood asserted in 2013. "Then again, I always did like smut."
Sphere Books published the first eight Confessions books. After Wood switched publishers, jumping to Futura Books, Sphere commissioned Laurence James to write twelve further Confessions books under the name "Jonathan May".
Wood also created a female counterpart, Rosie Dixon, and these were likewise written in the first person perspective and published pseudonymously under the name "Rosie Dixon". Although nine Rosie Dixon novels were published, only the first—Confessions of a Night Nurse—was made into a film, Rosie Dixon - Night Nurse (1978). The other titles were Confessions of a Gym Mistress, Confessions From an Escort Agency, Confessions of a Lady Courier, Confessions From a Package Tour, Confessions of a Physical WRAC, Confessions of a Baby Sitter, Confessions of a Personal Secretary, and Rosie Dixon, Barmaid.
This was his second series to feature a female protagonist as he started the Penny Sutton books a year previously with The Stewardesses. The other books in the series were The Stewardesses Down Under, The Jumbo Jet Girls, I'm Penny, Fly Me and Penny Sutton, Supersonic.
Wood also wrote three pseudonymous books featuring the teenager Oliver Grape: Onwards Virgins (later reissued as Forward Virgins), Crumpet Voluntary and It's a Knock Up.
Wood was the first author to write novelisations of Bond films. His novelisation of The Spy Who Loved Me, renamed James Bond 007, The Spy Who Loved Me to avoid confusion with Ian Fleming's original novel, has nothing in common with the Fleming book. Similarly, the plot of the novelisation of Moonraker, renamed James Bond and Moonraker, is almost entirely written by Wood, although it does share some similarities with Fleming's original novel, in particular the villain Hugo Drax. Bond fans generally rate Wood's novelisations highly. Kingsley Amis wrote in the New Statesman that, despite several reservations, "Mr Wood has bravely tackled his formidable task, that of turning a typical late Bond film, which must be basically facetious, into a novel after Ian Fleming, which must be basically serious. ... the descriptions are adequate and the action writing excellent."
In 1979 LWT screened his 13-part situation comedy Lovely Couple, produced and directed by Derrick Goodwin. He also wrote the action film Remo Williams: The Adventure Begins (1985) starring Fred Ward, which was directed by former Bond director Guy Hamilton. In the late 1990s Wood wrote scripts for producer Roger Corman.
Wood's novel California, Here I Am (2004) is another semi-autobiographical work, this time set in the American film industry. William Boyd said the novel is "A very funny, shrewd and horribly accurate novel about the movie business, Hollywood-style, written with sustained brio and mordant intelligence."
|1969||Make It Happen to Me||literary fiction (revised and reissued in paperback as Kiss Off! 1970)|
|1970||"Terrible Hard", Says Alice||literary fiction|
|1971||John Adam – Samurai||historical fiction|
|1973||John Adam in Eden||historical fiction|
|1973||Soccer Thug||as by "Frank Clegg"|
|1976||The Further Adventures of Barry Lyndon by Himself||historical fiction: a sequel to The Luck of Barry Lyndon by William Makepeace Thackeray. Wood's name does not appear on the cover.|
|1976||Seven Nights in Japan||novelisation of his own film script, as by "John Drew"|
|1977||James Bond 007, The Spy Who Loved Me||adventure novel / James Bond novelisation|
|1979||Lovely Couple||novelisation of his own television script, as by "Richard Mason"|
|1979||James Bond and Moonraker||adventure novel / James Bond novelisation|
|1979||Fire Mountain||World War II adventure novel (published in the US as North to Rabaul)|
|1979 or 1980||Worms||horror novel, as by "James Montague". Google books claims 1979. Whitaker's Books in Print claims April 1980 though this may be a reprint edition.|
|1980||Dead Centre||woman's adventure novel|
|1983||A Dove Against Death||World War I adventure novel|
|2004||Sincere Male Seeks Love and Someone to Wash His Underpants||literary fiction |
|2004||California, Here I Am||literary fiction |
|2006||James Bond, The Spy I Loved||memoirs|
- Wood, Christopher (November 2012). "How to Write the Perfect Bond Film". SFX (227).
- "Introduction", for 2013 HarperCollins reissues of the Timothy Lea and Rosie Dixon Confessions books
- Confessions of a Window Cleaner (1974)
- Confessions of a Pop Performer (1975)
- Seven Nights in Japan (1976)
- Confessions of a Driving Instructor (1976)
- Confessions from a Holiday Camp (1977)
- The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) – with Richard Maibaum
- Rosie Dixon - Night Nurse (1978)
- Moonraker (1979)
- Remo Williams: The Adventure Begins (1985)
- Steal the Sky (1988) – with Dorothy Tristan
- Shadow of a Scream (1996) – a.k.a. The Unspeakable
- Eruption (1997)
- Stray Bullet (1998)
- Dangerous Curves (2000)
- Maslin, Janet (20 July 1977). "Movie Review – The Spy Who Loved Me (1977): 'Spy Who Loved' A Bit Long on Bond". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Canby, Vincent (29 June 1979). "Moonraker (1979) MOONRAKER". The New York Times.
- "Christopher (Hovelle) Wood." Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Literature Resource Center.
- Wood, Christopher (2006). James Bond, The Spy I Loved. Twenty First Century Publishers. p. 104. ISBN 9781904433538.
- "Felicity Bryant Associates". Felicitybryan.com. Archived from the original on 26 May 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2009.
- Barnes, Mike (23 October 2015). "Christopher Wood, Screenwriter for Two James Bond Films, Dies at 79". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- "Christopher Wood, writer - obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Sir Roger Moore [@sirrogermoore] (17 October 2015). "How sad to hear Bond screenwriter Christopher Wood has died. He wrote two of my best" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Brendon, Vyvyen (2009). Prep School Children: A Class Apart over Two Centuries. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 123–124. ISBN 9781847062871.
- Boyd, William (August–September 1979). "War in Fiction". The London Magazine. 19 (5–6): 129. Boyd unfavourably reviews Timothy Findley's The Wars, Tim O'Brien's National Book Award-winning Going After Cacciato and Herman Wouk's War and Remembrance.
- A Dove Against Death, Viking, 1983. Cover information.
- Marriott, Justin (February 2010). "Confessions of an Advertising Executive". The Paperback Fanatic (13): 35.
- "Words". Penthouse. 2 (6–12). 1967.
- "Confessions of a Secret Writer". Penthouse. 8 (7–12): 21. 1973.
- Wood also spelled the title as Nobody Here But Us Pickins.
- Wood 2006, p. 25.
- Wood 2006, p. 27.
- Wood 2006.
- Newman, Richard (1972). Books & Bookmen. 17: 67. Missing or empty
- Duerden, Nick (7 April 2013). "Confessions of a sex-farce writer: Timothy Lea's sexual misadventures to be published as e-books". The Independent. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Sphere, March 1973.
- "Spawn of Richard Allen". Vault of Evil. 20 October 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- Amis, Kingsley. James Bond, the Spy Who Loved Me. New Statesman 1 July 1977: p.25.
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