|First Lady of New York City|
|Assumed office |
January 1, 2014
|Preceded by||Diana Taylor (de facto)|
Chirlane Irene McCray
November 29, 1954
Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
Bill de Blasio (m. 1994)
|Education||Wellesley College (BA)|
Married to current New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, McCray is the First Lady of New York City. As an unpaid member of the de Blasio administration, McCray chairs the Mayor's Fund to Advance New York City; has led ThriveNYC, a criticized mental health initiative; and has been described as de Blasio's "closest advisor."
Early life and educationEdit
McCray was born in and spent her early years in Springfield, Massachusetts. Her mother, Katharine Clarissa Eileen (née Edwards), was an assembly worker at an electronics factory, and her father, Robert Hooper McCray, was an inventory clerk at a military base. She is of Barbadian and St. Lucian descent, but traces her grandmother's last name (Quashie) to Ghana.
When she was ten years old, her family moved to Longmeadow, Massachusetts, becoming only the second black family in the area. Other families in the neighborhood circulated petitions demanding they leave.
In high school, McCray was for a time the only black student in her school. McCray cites this early experience with racism and bullying as part of the reason she began to write, using her poetry as an outlet for her anger. She also wrote a column for her school newspaper, in which she denounced classmates for their racism.
McCray enrolled at Wellesley College in 1972. While studying there, she became a member of the Combahee River Collective, a black feminist organization, which inspired her to write prose and poetry.
After graduating from college, McCray moved to New York City to work for Redbook. She published an essay in Essence in 1979 entitled "I Am a Lesbian". Essence later described the essay as "groundbreaking", asserting that it was "perhaps the first time a Black gay woman had spoken so openly and honestly about her sexuality in a Black magazine". The purpose of the essay was to "dispel the myth that there are no gay black people". Some of her poetry is included in Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology.
In 1991, McCray entered politics. She worked as a speechwriter for New York City Mayor David Dinkins. During the Clinton administration, she worked for the New York Foreign Press Center as a public affairs specialist. She also worked as a speechwriter for the New York State Comptroller Carl McCall and for New York City Comptroller Bill Thompson.
In 2004, McCray left Thompson's office to work in the private sector. She worked for five years at Maimonides Medical Center. She also worked for Citigroup in its public relations department for six months before deciding it was "not a good fit". During her husband's campaign for mayor of New York City in the 2013 election, she edited his speeches and helped interview candidates for staff positions.
Involvement in de Blasio administrationEdit
When de Blasio became mayor, he hired publicist Rachel Noerdlinger to be McCray's chief of staff. Noerdlinger later resigned her post following a series of controversies surrounding her behavior and the behavior of persons close to her.
In his second month in office, de Blasio named McCray chair of the Mayor’s Fund to Advance New York City. Since then, the Fund has focused on mental health, immigration, and youth workforce projects. In May 2018, The New York Times reported that McCray had last visited the offices of the Mayor's Fund in May 2017. The Times further reported that according to McCray's public schedule, she had spent 19.5 hours in 2017 on work for the Mayor's Fund; however, her spokeswoman estimated that McCray spent 10% of her work schedule on Mayor's Fund business.
In November 2015, McCray led the launch of ThriveNYC, a plan to overhaul the city's mental health and substance abuse services. ThriveNYC promotes a shift from a traditionally more reactive model, which can strain police, prisons, hospitals, and schools, to an integrated public health approach focusing on awareness and early identification. In February 2019, Politico criticized ThriveNYC for having an "opaque budget" and "elusive metrics". In a March 2019 article on ThriveNYC, The New York Times reported: "Public health officials credit the plan for drawing attention to mental health… At the same time, some initiatives failed to get started, while others placed unrealistic demands on already strained mental health services". The Times added: "A spreadsheet of nearly 500 data points tracked by City Hall included almost none related to patient outcomes".
ThriveNYC drew harsh criticism over allegations of mismanagement and accusations that it had failed to produce records of tangible results. As of March 2019, nearly $850 million in funding for McCray’s mental health program was unaccounted for, and was on track to spend $1 billion over five years. Bronx Councilman Ritchie Torres criticized McCray’s program, stating that, “We know as little about the program after the hearing as we knew before the hearing. There is no evidence it’s working.”
McCray published an essay in Essence in 1979 entitled "I Am a Lesbian". In that essay, McCray "frankly discussed her sexuality and expressed gratitude that she came to terms with her preference for women before marrying a man". McCray met Bill de Blasio in 1991, when they both worked at New York City Hall for Mayor David Dinkins. At the time, de Blasio was an aide to a deputy mayor and McCray was a speechwriter. McCray and de Blasio were married in 1994 in Prospect Park, Brooklyn. Asked about her sexuality, McCray has stated that she hates "labels". In 2012, when asked about her 1979 essay, she commented: "In the 1970s, I identified as a lesbian and wrote about it. In 1991, I met the love of my life, married him."
- Fermino, Jennifer (December 3, 2014). "First Lady Chirlane McCray in sling after birthday injuries". New York Daily News. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- Goodman, J. David (March 22, 2019). "Chirlane McCray, de Blasio's Wife, Is Questioned Over His 'Revolutionary' $1 Billion Mental Health Plan". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
- Gonen, Yoav (March 7, 2018). "De Blasio gripes about rules barring spouses from paid gigs in government". New York Post. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- "NYC'S New First Lady Makes Barbadians Proud - Caribbean and Latin America Daily News". December 12, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- de Blasio, Bill; McCray, Chirlane (March 29, 2012). "My family's journey to Ghana". Amsterdam News. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Marantz, Andrew (August 5, 2013). "Significant Other". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Villarosa, Linda (May 9, 2013). "Chirlane McCray: From Gay Trailblazer to Politician's Wife". Essence.com. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- Barbaro, Michael (October 1, 2013). "Once Alienated, and Now a Force in Her Husband's Bid for Mayor: Chirlane McCray Plays Key Role in de Blasio Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- "About Chirlane". BilldeBlasio.com. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Walker, Hunter (December 5, 2012). "Ancient History: The Lesbian Past of Bill de Blasio's Wife". New York Observer. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Mcdonough, Katie (May 9, 2013). "Bill de Blasio's wife, Chirlane McCray, on the "fluidity of love" and the political spotlight". Salon.com. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- Mance, Ajuan (October 18, 2009). "Pioneering Black Feminist Makes History Again". Black On Campus. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- Barbaro, Michael (January 1, 2010). "The Family Bible Is a Guest for the Oath, but Not a Participant". The New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
- The Plum Book: U. S. Government Policy and Supporting Positions for 9,000 Federal Civil Service Positions. DIANE Publishing. 1996. p. 236. ISBN 0788135708.
- Fermino, Jennifer (May 21, 2013). "Bill de Blasio's wife, Chirlane McCray, opens up on her role as the mayoral race's most visible spouse". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- Seifman, David (August 8, 2004). "Ferrer's Pitch For Ballpark". New York Post. Retrieved August 14, 2013. (subscription required)
- Grynbaum, Michael M.; Stewart, Nikita; Rashbaum, William K. (October 3, 2014). "At City Hall, Backstage Player Is Cast in Main Stage Uproar". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- Fermino, Jennifer (February 28, 2015). "Rachel Noerdlinger, former Chirlane McCray aide, kept ex-con boyfriend updated through controversy". New York Daily News. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
- Taylor, Kate (February 6, 2014). "De Blasio Appoints Chirlane McCray, His Wife, to Lead Nonprofit Group". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "Priority Areas - Mayor's Fund". www1.nyc.gov. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- Neuman, William; Goodman, J. David (May 29, 2018). "Once-Thriving City Nonprofit Sputters Under Mayor's Wife, Chirlane McCray" – via NYTimes.com.
- "NYC First Lady Chirlane McCray Weighs in on Federal Mental Health Reform". December 4, 2017.
- "ThriveNYC: A Mental Health Roadmap for All" (PDF). NYC.gov.
- Ghansah, Rachel Kaadzi (February 9, 2016). "Chirlane McCray and the Limits of First-Ladyship". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "Fund for Public Health - New York". www.fphnyc.org. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "ThriveNYC". www1.nyc.gov. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
- "With opaque budget and elusive metrics, $850M ThriveNYC program attempts a reset". Politico PRO.
- Goodman, J. David (March 22, 2019). "Chirlane McCray, de Blasio's Wife, Is Questioned Over His 'Revolutionary' $1 Billion Mental Health Plan" – via NYTimes.com.
- McManus, Bob (March 28, 2019). "There's too much money in Chirlane McCray's hands".
- "First Lady Chirlane McCray considering run for office in 2021". www.ny1.com.
- Gonen, Yoav (December 3, 2018). "Chirlane McCray's latest hires hint at run for public office".
- Saul, Michael Howard (January 1, 2013). "Family in the Spotlight: De Blasio's Wife, Children Provide Multiracial Backdrop to Likely Mayoral Bid". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- O'Neill, Natalie (May 10, 2013). "Bill de Blasio's wife recalls him first learning that she was a lesbian". New York Post. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- Belonsky, Andrew (September 3, 2013). "When Bill de Blasio's Wife Was a Lesbian". Out. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Golding, Bruce (May 19, 2014). "NYC's first lady: I was a bad mom".
- Gay, Mara (July 28, 2014). "De Blasio Finally Settles Down at Gracie Mansion". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "Chirlane McCray". Mack Crounse Group. Archived from the original on June 9, 2012.
- Chirlane McCray on Facebook
Donna Hanover (2002)
| First Lady of New York City