The State Government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the governor as the constitutional head. The governor who is appointed for five years appoints the chief minister and on the advice of the chief minister appoints his council of ministers. Even though the governor remains the ceremonial head of the state, the day-to-day running of the government is taken care of by the chief minister and his council of ministers in whom a great amount of legislative powers are vested.
Karnataka State has been divided into four revenue divisions, 49 sub-divisions, 31 districts, 237 taluks and 747 hoblies/revenue circles and 5628 gram panchayats for administrative purposes. The state has 281 towns and 7 municipal corporations. Bangalore is the first largest urban agglomeration out of 23 metropolis, urban agglomerations and cities in India. It is among the fastest growing cities in the world.
Political and administrative reorganisation
Karnataka took its present shape in 1956, when the states of Mysore and Coorg (Kodagu) were merged with the Kannada-speaking districts of the former states of Bombay and Hyderabad, and Madras. Mysore state was made up of 10 districts: Bangalore, Kolar, Tumkur, Mandya, Mysore, Hassan, Chikmagalur (Kadur), Shimoga and Chitradurga; Bellary had been transferred from Madras state to Mysore in 1953, when the new Andhra State was created out of Madras' northern districts. Kodagu became a district, and Dakshina Kannada (South Kanara) district was transferred from Madras state, Uttara Kannada (North Kanara), Dharwad, Belgaum District, and Bijapur District from Bombay state, and Bidar District, Kalaburgi District, and Raichur District from Hyderabad state.
In 1989, Bangalore rural district was split from Bangalore and, in 1997, Bagalkot district split from Vijayapur, Chamrajnagar district split from Mysore, Gadag district split from Dharwad, Haveri district split from Dharwad, Koppal district split from Raichur, Udupi district split from Dakshina Kannada, and Davanagere district was created from parts of Bellary, Chitradurga, Dharwad, and Shimoga. In 2020, The State Cabinet meeting, chaired by Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa, gave in-principle approval for creation of the Vijayanagar district, which will be carved out of Ballari district, to become the 31st district in the state.Hence the world heritage site of Hampi, the erstwhile capital of Vijayanagar empire, will soon be part of a new district.
Department of Higher Education
- The department has launched two youtube channels Vijayeebhava and Jnananidhi as a part of e-learning initiative.
- Higher education department launched a free, crash course app called GetCETGo on April 20, 2020 to prepare students for Common Entrance Test and National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate).
- The department launched an online affiliation portal on Online Affiliation by Universities to Institutes of Higher Learning on June 30, 2020.
Department of Rural development and Panchayat raj
Directorate of Atal Janasnehi Kendra
- E-kshana is a project aimed at delivering instantaneous over-the-counter digitised caste, income, and residence certificates. The project is Aadhar linked and ration card database based, that maps nearly five crore population with their residence, caste and income. It has been created by IAS officer Mr. Munish Maudgil, Commissioner of Survey Settlement and Land Records. The database belongs to Atal Janasnehi Kendra (AJSK) of the Revenue Department.
Department of Stamps and Registration
- Maulya app has been launched by Department of Stamps and Registration to help citizens to know the guidance value of any immovable property.
- The department has launched Kaveri Online Services on 16 November 2018 aimed at making easy accessible and quick delivery of citizen services such as Encumbrance Certificate (EC) of the immovable properties, registration and delivery of documents of sale of immovable properties, mortgage, lease, power of attorney and marriage etc as well as Certified Copies (CC) of the registered documents.
- Dishaank app will use user's location using GPS and provides the survey number of a plot as well as details of ownership. The app superimposes the survey number of all properties over satellite maps. The app was built by Karnataka State Remote Sensing Application Centre.
Department of Hindu Religious Institutions and Charitable Endowment(Muzrai)
Department of Public Libraries
Department of Public Libraries launched web-based and app-based digital library for the public in February 2020. The web portal www.karnatakadigitalpubliclibrary.org and the app e-Sarvajanika Granthalaya allows public to freely access digital content.
Department of Skill Development, Entrepreneurship and Livelihood
Department of Primary and secondary education
- Department of Primary and secondary education launched Shikshaka Mitra app for the teachers across state to avail services online regarding getting loans, PF advances, availing leaves, and transfers etc without visiting the Department.
Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre
- Sidilu is an app launched by Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSNDMC) and the revenue department in association with U.S based firm Earth Networks on 13 April 2018 to alert people about lightning strikes 45 minutes in advance.
- Bengaluru Megha Sandesha is an app launched Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre in collaboration with Indian Institute of Science to give rainfall and weather updates of Bengaluru.
Department of Agriculture
- Bele Darshak is an app by agriculture department that will let farmers to know the data related to crop survey done on their farms.
Zoos Authority of Karnataka
- Zoos Authority of Karnataka launched an app Zoos of Karnataka which lets people to make donations to Zoos in Karnataka and adopt animals as well as book entrance and safari tickets.
Karnataka State Human Rights Commission
- Karnataka State Human Rights Commission has launched an app named Manava Hakku Rakshane which can be used to complaint online and also to seek information regarding Human Rights.
- "e-spandana" is a hi-tech video conferencing video conferencing initiative of the Karnataka Government which provides one-to-one interaction between gram panchyats and district headquarters. It has been launched as a part of "Government at the doorstep of rural masses".
- "e-Janaspandana" is a Karnataka Government's Public Grievance Redressal System which allows citizens to lodge complaint of any department under Sakala act.
- "Spandana" is a web portal based public grievance redressal system launched to address the complaints of Hassan district people on January 1, 2018.
- Mahiti Kanaja is public information disclosure platform aimed at standardisation of data pertaining to all 30,000 villages in the state in order to improve governance. Under this every village, taluk, and district will get a common code.
- Pratibimba is a dashboard that showcases the performance of the government
The state legislature is bicameral and consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. The Legislative Assembly consists of 224 members with one member nominated by the governor to represent the Anglo-Indian community. The term of office of the members is five years and the term of a member elected to the council is six years. The Legislative Council is a permanent body with one-third of its members retiring every two years.
The government is headed by the governor who appoints the chief minister and his council of ministers. The governor is appointed for five years and acts as the constitutional head of the state. Even though the governor remains the ceremonial head of the state, the day-to-day running of the government is taken care of by the chief minister and his council of ministers in whom a great deal of legislative powers is vested..
The secretariat headed by the secretary to the governor assists the council of ministers. The council of ministers consists of cabinet ministers, ministers of state and deputy ministers. The chief minister is assisted by the chief secretary, who is the head of the administrative services.
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The Chief Minister of Karnataka is the chief executive of the Indian state of Karnataka. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
DPAR, Finance, Bengaluru development, Energy, Intelligence from Home, Small scale Industries, Planning, Information and Public Relations, Backward Class welfare, Tourism, Kannada and culture, Youth empowerment and Sports and all unallocated portfolios
|B. S. Yediyurappa|
|Deputy Chief Minister
Minister of Public Works Department
|Govind M. Karjola|
|Deputy Chief Minister
Minister of Higher Education,
|Dr. C. N. Ashwath Narayan|
|Deputy Chief Minister
Minister of Transport
|Minister of Home Department excluding Intelligent Wing
|Minister of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj||K.S.Eshwarappa|
|Minister of Revenue Department excluding Muzrai||R. Ashoka|
|Minister of Large and Medium Scale Industries excluding Sugar,
Minister of Public Enterprise Department
|Minister of Social Welfare Department
|Minister of Primary & Secondary Education and Sakala||S.Suresh Kumar|
|Minister of Housing Department||V.Somanna|
|Minister of Muzrai from Revenue Department,
Minister of Fisheries, Ports and Inland Transport Department
|Kota Srinivas Poojary|
|Minister of Law, Parliamentary affairs and Legislation,
Minister of Minor Irrigation from Water Resources Department
|J. C. Madhu Swamy|
|Minister of Mines & Geology from Commerce & Industries Department||C. C. Patil|
|Minister of Animal Husbandry,
Minister of Haj and Wakf Department
|Minister of Women and Child Development,
Minister of Empowerment of differently Abled and Senior Citizens
|Shashikala Annasaheb Jolle|
|Minister of Excise||H. Nagesh|
|Minister of Major and Medium Irrigation from Water Resources Department||Ramesh Jarkiholi|
|Minister of Ecology & Environment Department,
Minister of Forest Department
|Minister of Handloom and Textiles from Commerce and Industries Department,
Minister of Minority Welfare
|Shrimant Balasaheb Patil|
|Minister of Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Department||K. Gopalaiah|
|Minister of Urban Development Department (Excluding Bengaluru development, BBMP, BDA, BWSSB, BMRDA, BMRCL, KUWSDB, KUIDFC & Directorate of Town Planning from Urban Development)||Byrati Basavaraj|
|Minister of Co-Operation||S. T. Somashekhar|
|Minister of Agriculture||B. C. Patil|
|Minister of Health and Family Welfare,
Minister of Medical Education
|Dr. K. Sudhakar|
|Minister of Municipal Administration,
Minister of Horticulture and Sericulture
|Minister of Labour Department,
Minister of Sugar from Commerce & Industries Department
|Arbail Shivaram Hebbar|
Karnataka Panchayat Raj
(Rule of Village Committee) is a three-tier system in the state with elected bodies at the village, taluk and district levels. It ensures greater participation of people and more effective implementation of rural development programmes. There will be a Grama Panchayat for a village or group of villages, a taluk level and the Zilla Panchayat at the district level.
All the three institutions will have elected representatives and there is no provision for nomination by the government to any of these councils. s the first in the country to enact new Panchayat Raj Act incorporating all provisions of 73rd Amendment to the Constitution. In 2014 Karnataka State Grama Panchayats Delimitation committee constituted By govt. of Karnataka. Chairmen S G Nanjaiahna mutt and 6 members. joint secretory of the committee Dr.Revaiah Odeyar. Report Submitted 2014 October 30. This report implemented 2015 Gram Panchayath Elections.
Urban Local Governance
Urban areas in Karnataka are governed by different municipal bodies; 10 Municipal Corporations, 59 City Municipal Councils, 116 Town Municipal Councils, 97 Town Panchayats and 4 Notified Area Committees. The Municipal Corporations are administered under the State under Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976, while the rest are under the Karnataka Municipalities Act, 1964. The administration at Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike is overseen by the state government directly, while the Directorate of Municipal Administration does it for the rest of the urban local governments in Karnataka. The categorisation of urban areas is done on the following basis:
|Type||Type of Governing Body||Population Criteria||Density Criteria||Revenue Criteria||Economic Criteria|
|Transitory Areas||Town Panchayat||10,000 to 20,000,
||not less than 400 inhabitants to one square kilometer of area||-||percentage of employment in non-agricultural activities is not less than 50% of the total employment|
|Smaller Urban Areas||Town Council||20,000 to 50,000||not less than 1,500 inhabitants to one square kilometer of area||revenue generated for local administration from such area from tax and non-tax sources in the year of the last preceding census is not less than ₹9 lakhs per annum or a sum calculated at the rate of ₹45 per capita per annum, whichever is higher|
|City Council||50,000 to 3,00,000|
|Larger Urban Areas||Municipal Corporation||3,00,000 and above||not less than 3,000 inhabitants to one square kilo meter of area||revenue generated from such area for the local administration in the year of the last preceding census is not less than ₹6 crores per annum or an amount calculated at the rate of ₹200 per capita per annum, whichever is highe|
The Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976 mandates constituting both Ward Committees and Area Sabha in each corporation. The rules for setting these up are given in Karnataka Municipal Corporations (Wards Committees) Rules, 2016. Ward Committees in the state have been defunct in cities where they have been formed, with the meetings being erratic or not publicised to the ward members. Since the provision for setting up Ward Committees was only given in the municipal act meant for municipal corporations, only cities with population of 3 lakh or more were mandated to form them. In January 2020, the Urban Development Department of the Karnataka Government announced that Ward Committees would be formed in all urban local bodies in the state, irrespective of their population.
A district of an Indian state is an administrative unit headed by a deputy commissioner or district magistrate, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service. The district magistrate or the deputy commissioner is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Karnataka Civil Service and other Karnataka state services.
A Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. The commissioner is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Police Service and other Karnataka Police officials. A Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, is responsible for managing the forests, environment and wildlife related issues of the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Forest Service and other Karnataka forest and wildlife officials. Sectoral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the State Services.
The state is divided into 30 police districts, 77 sub-divisions, 178 circles, State Police consists of 20 police districts, 5 Police Commissioners at Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, belgaum and Hubli-Dharwad cities, 77 sub-divisions, 178 circles, 696 police stations, and 317 police outposts. There are five ranges: Central Range at Bangalore, Eastern Range at Davanagere, Northern Range at Gulbarga, Southern Range at Mysore and Western Range at Mangalore. The government Railway Police is headed by a D.I.G. of Police.
Units that assist the state in law and order include Criminal Investigation Department (Forest Cell, Anti-Dowry Cell, etc.), Dog Squad, Civil Rights Enforcement Wing, Police Wireless and Police Motor Transport Organization and special units. Village Defence Parties protect persons and property in the village and assist the police when necessary. The police force is at times supplemented by Home Guards.
In recent election conducted in May 2018 BJP emerged as single largest party with 104 seats leaving behind INC with 79, JDS with 38, BSP with 1 and other 2 independent seats. While B. S. Yeddyurappa went ahead with the intention of making the government and requested the governor to allow him to form a government without the numbers though. Governor allowed him to take oath as Chief Minister on 17 May 2018 although his happiness was short lived as SC struck down 2 weeks of time provided by the governor for the floor test to just 2 days. He was forced to resign unable to prove the majority. After his resignation H. D. Kumaraswamy was sworn in as the Chief Minister on 23 May 2019 with absolute majority support from Congress total of 117.
In later bypolls JDS+Congress combine won 4 out of 5 seats 3MP & 2 MLA seats making the numbers up by 119.
On 23 July 2019 the government headed by H. D. Kumaraswamy fell short of majority in the trust vote due to the resignation of 17 MLAs from the Congress and the JDS.
B. S. Yeddiyurappa once again took oath as the chief minister for the 4th time on 26 July 2019.
Last assembly elections: 2018 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election
The by-elections for the 15 constituencies : 2019 Karnataka Legislative Assembly by-elections
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