|City of Chester|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of City of Chester in Cheshire
Location of Cheshire within England
|Population||92,995 (2011 census)|
|Member of Parliament||Chris Matheson (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||1545–1880: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
The constituency covers the English city of Chester on the border of Wales and parts of the surrounding Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority, including the villages of: Aldford, Capenhurst, Christleton, Guilden Sutton, Mollington, Newtown, Pulford and Saughall.
Much of the city of Chester itself is residential of varying characteristics, with more middle-class areas such as Upton and the large rural former council estate of Blacon which is, except where purchased under the right to buy; owned and managed by the local housing association, Chester And District Housing Trust.
As part of a county palatine with a parliament of its own until the early-sixteenth century, Chester was not enfranchised (sent no MPs) until the Chester and Cheshire (Constituencies) Act 1542 (34 & 35 Hen VIII. c. 13), since when it returned two MPs to Parliament as a parliamentary borough. It continued to elect two MPs until the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 which reduced its representation to one MP.
Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the parliamentary borough was abolished and replaced by a county division, gaining rural areas from the neighbouring constituencies of Eddisbury and Wirral. Since then, the boundaries of the constituency have remained relatively consistent, primarily reflecting changes in local authority and ward boundaries.
1950–1974: As prior but with minor boundary changes to align with the revised boundaries of the Rural District of Chester.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Chester, and the Rural District of Chester.
Hoole Urban District had been absorbed by the County Borough of Chester in 1954, but the constituency boundaries remained unchanged.
1983–1997: The City of Chester wards of Blacon Hall, Boughton, Boughton Heath, Christleton, College, Curzon, Dee Point, Dodleston, Grosvenor, Hoole, Newton, Plas Newton, Sealand, Upton Grange, Upton Heath, Vicars Cross, and Westminster.
1997–2010: The City of Chester wards of Blacon Hall, Boughton, Boughton Heath, Christledon, College, Curzon, Dee Point, Dodleston, Grosvenor, Hoole, Mollington, Newton, Plas Newton, Saughall, Sealand, Upton Grange, Upton Heath, Vicars Cross, and Westminster.
The wards of Mollington and Saughall transferred back from Ellesmere Port and Neston.
2010–2019: The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 defined the boundaries as:
The City of Chester wards of Blacon Hall, Blacon Lodge, Boughton, Boughton Heath, Christleton, City and St Anne's, College, Curzon and Westminster, Dodleston, Handbridge and St Mary's, Hoole All Saints, Hoole Groves, Huntington, Lache Park, Mollington, Newton Brook, Newton St Michael's, Saughall, Upton Grange, Upton Westlea, and Vicars Cross.
Minor changes to reflect revised ward boundaries.
However, before the new boundaries came into force for the 2010 election, the districts making up the county of Cheshire were abolished on 1 April 2009, being replaced by four unitary authorities. Consequently, the constituency's boundaries became:
The Cheshire West and Chester wards of Blacon, Boughton, Chester City, Chester Villages (part), Dodleston and Huntington, Farndon (part), Garden Quarter, Great Boughton, Handbridge Park, Hoole, Lache, Little Neston and Burton, Newton, Saughall and Mollington, and Upton.
2019-present: Following a further local government ward boundary review in 2019, the boundaries are currently:
The Cheshire West and Chester wards of Central and Blacon, Chester City & the Garden Quarter, Christleton & Huntington (part), Farndon (part), Gowy Rural (part), Great Boughton, Handbridge Park, Lache, Newton & Hoole, Saughall and Mollington, and Upton.
Two-member seat (to 1885)
From 1715 to 1869, at least one of the two seats was held by a member of the Grosvenor family. For most of the nineteenth century, both MPs represented the Whigs and (later) the Liberals. The Conservatives held one of the two seats from 1859-1865 and 1868-1880.
Single-member seat (from 1885)
The Liberals won the single-member seat in 1885 but, apart from the landslide year of 1906 (won by the Liberals with a majority of just 47 votes), Chester returned Conservative Party MPs continuously from 1886 to 1997. At most elections, majorities were in relative terms medium but the party's MPs won marginal majorities at the 1929 general election over the Liberal candidate (when the Labour Party formed a minority government) and at the 1992 general election over the Labour candidate, when the Conservatives had a small parliamentary majority.
Christine Russell of the Labour Party gained the seat easily from Gyles Brandreth at the 1997 general election after 87 years of Conservative control, and retained it until 2010. Her majority over the Conservatives had been reduced to under 1,000 votes at the 2005 general election.[n 3]
Stephen Mosley of the Conservatives gained the seat from Labour at the 2010 general election. However, Mosley narrowly lost his seat five years later to Chris Matheson of the Labour Party in 2015 by 93 votes. The 2015 general election result gave the constituency the most marginal majority (0.2%) of Labour's 232 seats won that year.
Matheson was re-elected at the 2017 general election, with a significantly increased majority of 9,176 votes, one the largest swings to Labour in the election. At 56.8% it was the highest share of the vote that Labour has ever had in the constituency and it is no longer considered a marginal seat. At the 2019 election, Matheson was elected once again, with a reduced, but still comfortable majority of 11.3%.
Members of Parliament
MPs 1545 to 1660
- † Smith and Gamull were both disabled from serving in 1644.
MPs since 1885
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Bob Thompson||3,734||6.8||+4.1|
|Brexit Party||Andy Argyle||1,388||2.5||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Lizzie Jewkes||1,551||2.7||−2.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Bob Thompson||2,870||5.6||-13.5|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Lizzie Jewkes||8,930||19.1||−2.8|
|English Democrat||Ed Abrams||594||1.3||+0.6|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.9|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Mia Jones||9,818||21.9||+7.2|
|English Democrat||Ed Abrams||308||0.7||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Tony Dawson||6,589||14.7||+5.2|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||David Simpson||5,353||9.5||−4.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Ian Sanderson||204||0.4||New|
|West Cheshire College In Crisis||William Johnson||154||0.3||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+11.5|
|Liberal Democrats||John Smith||6,867||12.9||−6.6|
|Natural Law||Stephen Cross||98||0.2||New|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|Liberal||Michael J. G. Tompkins||4,978||10.01|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||Peter James Samuel||6,516||13.85|
|Liberal||Peter James Samuel||7,583||15.98|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||John G. Hughes||18,958||41.48|
|Liberal||Arthur Harvey Willitt||6,342||13.78|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour||David Martin Hopkinson||13,585||35.87|
|Liberal||Albert Edward Everett Jones||5,229||13.80|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||William Craven Llewelyn||5,538||23.6||-4.7|
|Liberal||William Craven Llewelyn||6,212||28.3||+7.0|
Elections in the 1910s
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.6|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.5|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.6|
- Caused by Dodson's appointment as President of the Local Government Board
|Independent||Frederick Lewis Malgarini||16||0.2||New|
|Turnout||5,192 (est)||68.2 (est)||−3.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||−1.5|
|Conservative||Henry Cecil Raikes||2,356||35.6||+3.4|
|Liberal||John George Dodson||2,134||32.3||−1.0|
|Liberal||Thomas Gibbons Frost||2,125||32.1||−2.4|
|Turnout||4,486 (est)||71.6 (est)||−2.8|
Succession of Earl Grosvenor to the peerage as Marquess of Westminster.
|Conservative||Henry Cecil Raikes||2,198||32.2||−1.6|
|Turnout||4,510 (est)||74.4 (est)||+3.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||William Henry Gladstone||860||26.5||+4.9|
|Conservative||Henry Cecil Raikes||533||16.4||−0.5|
|Turnout||1,621 (est)||71.3 (est)||+5.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.5|
|Conservative||Philip Stapleton Humberston||1,110||33.8||New|
|Turnout||1,641 (est)||65.6 (est)||+4.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Turnout||1,477 (est)||60.8 (est)||N/A|
|Radical gain from Whig|
|Whig||William Owen Stanley||Unopposed|
|Whig gain from Radical|
|Whig||William Owen Stanley||986||60.5||N/A|
|Whig gain from Radical||Swing||N/A|
- Caused by Jervis' resignation after his appointment as Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas.
- Caused by Grosvenor's resignation, by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, in order to contest a by-election at Middlesex
- Caused by Grosvenor's appointment as Treasurer of the Household
- Caused by Jervis' appointment as Solicitor-General for England and Wales
|Conservative||Frederick Dudley Ryder||352||12.8||New|
|Whig||John Finchett Maddock||499||18.4||N/A|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
Elections before 1832
|Whig||John Finchett Maddock||577||56.1||N/A|
|Radical||Edward Davies Davenport ||452||43.9||N/A|
|Registered electors||c. 1,300|
- Caused by Cunliffe-Offley's death
|Registered electors||c. 1,300|
|Whig gain from Tory|
|Registered electors||c. 1,300|
- Caused by Grosvenor vacating his seat
- Caused by Grosvenor's appointment as Comptroller of the Household
|Tory||Philip Grey Egerton||Unopposed|
|Tory gain from Whig|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Cheshire
- History of Parliamentary constituencies and boundaries in Cheshire
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Four of the six candidates at the 2010 general election had contested the seat previously; Christine Russell (1997, 2001, 2005); Allan Weddell (2001, 2005); Ed Abrahms (2005) and Tom Barker (1992). All candidates had contested at least one election for local authorities for wards inside the constituency. The Liberal Democrats including their two predecessor parties amassed their largest share of the vote in 2005 at 21.9% of the vote.
- "City of Chester: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "CDHT" Archived 2007-02-11 at the Wayback Machine Chester And District Housing Trust. Retrieved 2017-02-20
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
- Craig, Fred W. S. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0-900178-09-4. OCLC 539011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983" (PDF).
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995".
- "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007".
- "Ellesmere Port and Neston: Seat, Ward and Prediction Details". Electoral Calculus. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "SMITH, Sir Lawrence (c.1516-82), of Chester and Hough, Cheshire. | History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 33–34. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. pp. 106, 134. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Google Books.
- Froude, James Anthony; Tulloch, John, eds. (1847). "A Batch of Parliamentary Barristers". Fraser's Magazine, Volume 36. Fraser's Magazine. pp. 313–315. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 191. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Thompson, F. M. L., (2004) (online edition 2006) 'Grosvenor, Hugh Lupus, first duke of Westminster (1825–1899)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Retrieved on 26 April 2010. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Salmon, Philip. "MP of the Month: Hugh Lupus Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor (1825-1899)". The Victorian Commons. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Lewis, C. P.; Thacker, A. T., eds. (2003). "Late Georgian and Victorian Chester 1762-1914: Politics, 1835-1914". A History of the County of Chester. 5 (1): 166–171. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- The Spectator, Volume 10. F. C. Westley. 1837. p. 177. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Parliament Commons, Lists (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 214.
- Cragoe, Matthew (2004). "The Problem of Landed Influence". Culture, Politics and National Identity in Wales 1832-1886. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 151. ISBN 0-19-820754-9. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Ollivier, John (2007). "Alphabetical List of the House of Commons". Ollivier's parliamentary and political director. p. 37. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- "Chester Election". Cheshire Observer. 28 March 1857. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 27 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Chester 1660-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "City of Chester". Cheshire West and Chester Council. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- "Chester, City of, (2017 Result)". BBC News.
- Chester Chronicle [@ChesterChron] (29 April 2017). "Chester born Will Gallagher, who contested Alyn & Deeside in 2010, is the Tory candidate for Chester in the 2017 general election" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Holmes, David (18 April 2017). "Chester Lib Dem general election candidate already chosen". chesterchronicle.
- "City of Chester - 2015 Election Results - General Elections Online".
- "Chester, City of". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "City of Chester - 2010 Election Results - General Elections Online".
- "BBC News | Election 2010 | Constituency | Chester, City of". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "General Election". Liverpool Mercury. 26 November 1885. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- "Thursday's contests". London Magnet. 5 April 1880. p. 3. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- "Election Intelligence". Western Times. 31 January 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Chester". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 8 August 1868. p. 9. Retrieved 4 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Chester". Rochdale Observer. 17 June 1865. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 4 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election News". Lancaster Gazette. 14 March 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 27 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To the Free and Independent Electors of the City of Chester". Chester Chronicle. 14 March 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 27 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Chester Election". Morning Post. 25 July 1850. p. 2. Retrieved 27 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Day of Nomination". Chester Chronicle. 28 July 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 10 April 2020 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Escott, Margaret. "Chester". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- "Local Intelligence". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 26 May 1832. Retrieved 10 April 2020 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- nomis Constituency Profile for City of Chester — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.