Chemung County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of New York
New York's location within the U.S.
|Founded||March 29, 1836|
|• Executive||Christopher J. Moss|
|• Total||411 sq mi (1,060 km2)|
|• Land||407 sq mi (1,050 km2)|
|• Water||3.4 sq mi (9 km2) 0.8%|
|• Density||218/sq mi (84/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Chemung County is a county in the southern tier of the U.S. state of New York. The population was 88,830 as of the 2010 census and was estimated at 83,456 as of 2019. Its county seat is Elmira. Its name is derived from a Delaware Indian village whose name meant "big horn".
Many signs posted along roads in Chemung County refer to the area as "Mark Twain Country," because the noted author lived and wrote for many years in Elmira.
Chemung County was formed from 520 square miles (1,300 km2) of Tioga County in 1836.
In the late 1870s, the Greenback Party became prominent in Chemung and nearby counties in western New York. Here it was primarily allied with labor in a critique of capital, reaching its peak in 1878, the year following the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and the Scranton General Strike in Pennsylvania. There were also strikes that year in Albany, Syracuse and Buffalo, starting with the railroad workers. In Steuben and Chemung counties, Greenbackers were elected to county councils in 1878 instead of Democrats, and others were elected from there and nearby counties to the state legislature, gaining votes of more than 25 percent in several of the Southern Tier counties. It gradually declined after that, due to internal dissension and the strength of the two major parties.
- Schuyler County - north
- Tompkins County - northeast
- Tioga County - east
- Bradford County, Pennsylvania - south
- Tioga County, Pennsylvania - southwest
- Steuben County - west
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 census, there were 91,070 people, 35,049 households and 23,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 223 per square mile (86/km2). There were 37,745 housing units at an average density of 92 per square mile (36/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.96% White, 5.82% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.4% were of German, 15.7% Irish, 12.5% English, 11.8% Italian, 7.8% American and 6.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000 . Most of those claiming to be of "American" ancestry are of English descent and, in upstate New York, also in some cases of Dutch descent, but have family that has been in the country for so long, in many cases since the early seventeenth century, that they choose to identify simply as "American". 96.2% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.
There were 35,049 households, of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.
Age distribution was 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.
The median household income was $36,415, and the median family income was $43,994. Males had a median income of $35,076 versus $24,215 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,264. About 9.10% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.
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Before 1974, Chemung County was governed by a board of supervisors. On January 1, 1974, executive and legislative powers were split between a county executive and a 15-seat legislature. All 15 members are elected from single-member districts. Chemung County is a part of the 23rd congressional district, currently represented by Republican Tom Reed.
|John H. Hazlett||Republican||January 1, 1974 – 1975|
|Morris E. Blostein||Republican||1975 – 1979|
|R. Stanley Benjamin||Republican||1979 – 1983|
|Robert G. Densberger||Republican||1983 – 1991|
|G. Thomas Tranter, Jr.||Republican||1991 – 2000|
|Thomas J. Santulli||Republican||2000 – 2019|
|Christopher J. Moss||Republican||2019 -|
In presidential elections, Chemung County tends to vote Republican. It voted for George W. Bush in 2004 by a 10.85% margin. In 2008, the margin was much closer, but voters still gave John McCain a 1.23% win over Barack Obama. In 2012, Mitt Romney carried the county by 2.33%. In 2016, Donald Trump carried Chemung County with 55.64% of the total vote compared to Hillary Clinton's 38.09%, giving Trump a margin of victory of 17.55%.
Education in Chemung County is provided by various private and public institutions. High school students and adults have access to GST BOCES. BOCES provides vocation-style training in a wide range of fields as well as adult education.
Public school districts
- Horseheads Central School District
- Elmira City School District
- Elmira Heights Central School District
- Chemung Valley Montessori School
- Elmira Christian Academy
- Holy Family Middle School
- Saint Mary Our Mother School
- Notre Dame High School
- Twin Tiers Christian Academy
- Arnot Ogden School of Nursing
- Corning Community College (off-campus sites)
- Elmira College
- Elmira Business Institute
Chemung County Library District
- Steele Memorial Library
- Horseheads Free Library
- Big Flats Library
- West Elmira Library
- Van Etten Library
- Chemung County Bookmobile
- Elmira (county seat)
- List of counties in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Chemung County, New York
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chemung County, New York". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- New York. Laws of New York.1836, 59th Session, Chapter 077, Section 1, Page 102.
- New York. Laws of New York.1854, 77th Session, Chapter 386, Sections 1—4 & 6, Pages 913—915.
- Milton M. Klein, The Empire State: A History of New York, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2005, pp. 455-456
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
- Reynolds Farley, "The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?", Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
- Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
- Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
- Mary C. Waters, Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990), p. 36.
- "3 MORE COUNTIES ADOPT CHARTERS", The New York Times, New York, New York, p. 59, 1973-11-25
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- "About GST BOCES Bush Campus". GST BOCES. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Chemung County New York School Districts". NewYorkSchools.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Chemung Valley Montessori School". Go Montessori. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Elmira Christian Academy". Elmira Christian Academy. Archived from the original on 22 June 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Welcome-Holy Family Junior High School (Elmira)". Diocese of Rochester. Archived from the original on 9 April 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Welcome-St. Mary Our Mother School". Diocese of Rochester. Archived from the original on 15 August 2006. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Notre Dame High School". Notre Dame High School. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Twin Tiers Christian Academy Home". Twin Tiers Christian Academy. Retrieved 7 Nov 2014.
- "Arnot Health". Arnot Health. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Corning Community College Facilities". Corning Community College. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Medical and Technical Career Training Programs - EBI Career Institute". Elmira Business Institute. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Our Libraries". Chemung County Library District. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- New York: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; Compiled by Kathryn Ford Thorne and Edited by John H. Long.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chemung County.|
- Chemung County, New York site
- Chemung County Chamber of Commerce
- Early brief history of Chemung County
- Elmira College
- Chemung County Library District
- Chemung County at Curlie
- Matthias Hollenback, Revolutionary War soldier, merchant in early Elmira, judge