Lewis was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, to Joseph J. and Mary (Miner) Lewis. He graduated from Yale in 1853 with an A.B., and after studying with a view to entering the ministry, served as professor at the State Normal University at Bloomington, Illinois, 1856–57, and from 1858 to 1861 was professor in Troy University. In 1863-64 he was a United States deputy commissioner of internal revenue. He received a doctorate from NYU in 1877.
He began the practice of law in New York City in 1865. He became associated with William Cullen Bryant in editing the Evening Post and returned to law practice in 1871. At Harvard, Columbia and Cornell universities, during 1898-99, he was a lecturer on insurance. He was also president of the Prison Association of New York and of the State Charities Aid Association of New Jersey. He died in Morristown, New Jersey, as a result of cerebro-spinal meningitis.
Major published works:
- Gnomon of the New Testament, translated from the German of Bengel (1861)
- A History of Germany, from the earliest times (1870)
- A Latin Dictionary, in collaboration with Charles Short (1879) (also known as Harper's Latin Dictionary)
- Latin Dictionary for Schools (1889)
- An Elementary Latin Dictionary (1890)
- Ward W. Briggs; American Philological Association (1 January 1994). Biographical Dictionary of North American Classicists. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 360–. ISBN 978-0-313-24560-2.
- A Short History of Classical Scholarship. CUP Archive. pp. 427–. GGKEY:HW4CZHA5A47.
- Rines 1920.
- Yale University (1910). Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University. The University. pp. 324–.
- Charlton Thomas Lewis; Dr. David Müller (1890). A History of Germany, from the Earliest Times. Harper & Brothers.
- Charlton Thomas Lewis (1889). A Latin Dictionary for Schools. Harper & Brothers. pp. 15–.
- Charlton Thomas Lewis (1915). An Elementary Latin Dictionary. American Book Company. pp. 7–.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). . Encyclopedia Americana.
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Charlton Thomas Lewis
- Charlton Thomas Lewis at the Database of Classical Scholars