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|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois's 15th district
January 3, 1963 – October 7, 1971
|Preceded by||Noah M. Mason|
|Succeeded by||Cliffard D. Carlson|
Charlotte Leota Thompson
September 27, 1913
Kankakee, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||January 25, 2007 (aged 93)|
Aurora, Illinois, U.S.
Family and early life
Charlotte Leota Thompson attended Aurora, Illinois public schools and Illinois College. Early in her career she was a featured vocalist on the NBC radio program Breakfast Club with Don McNeill; she appeared under the professional name of "Annette King".
On January 1, 1938, Charlotte Thompson married Frank R. Reid, Jr. He died in 1962. She was the mother of four children: Illinois State Representative Patricia Reid Lindner, Frank Reid, Susan Reid, and the late Edward Reid. As of 2007[update] she had eight grandchildren and twelve great-grandchildren which include Marley Reid and McKenna Lake Reid. Marley had always looked up to her great grandmother.
Member of U.S. House
Charlotte's husband Frank sought to follow in the footsteps of his father, Frank R. Reid, who served six terms in Congress as a U.S. Representative from Illinois. In 1962 Frank Jr. won the Republican nomination, beating out eight others for the seat, only to die in August before he could run in the regular election. Because of Charlotte's involvement in her husband's campaign, she was appointed to run in his place. She won election to Congress from the 15th District of Illinois in November 1962, and was the only new woman member elected that year. Her first Congress, the 88th, contained 12 female Representatives and two female Senators. Rep. Reid was re-elected for four successive terms.
Her initial assignments were on the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and the Committee on Public Works. Rep. Reid also served on the House Republican Policy Committee and the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct.
The Congresswoman's committee assignments also included the Committee on Appropriations, where she was appointed to two of its Subcommittees: Foreign Operations, and Labor-Health, Education and Welfare. Rep. Reid served as one of the first six Congressional members on the Board of Governors of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and served on the Board of Governors of the Capitol Hill Club. She addressed the 1964 Republican National Convention in San Francisco and the 1968 Republican National Convention in Miami. She was the only member of Congress from Illinois to vote against the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
In 1965, during her second term, Rep. Reid paid for her own trip to Vietnam to speak with her constituents from Illinois, including 23 men on an aircraft carrier in the China Sea. When she returned she contacted their families. Rep. Reid said that the experience was "one of the most gratifying things that happened to me in Congress."
In 1968 Rep. Reid became the first woman to deliver a State of the Union response.
In 1969 Rep. Reid became the first woman to wear pants on the floor of the House of Representatives.
After Congress: life and honors
Rep. Reid left Congress in 1971, in the middle of her fifth term, to become a Commissioner of the Federal Communications Commission. She was only the second woman to be appointed to the agency in its 37-year history. While on the FCC, she served as the Commissioner of Defense, focused on emergency preparedness and defense mobilization.
After leaving government in 1976, Mrs. Reid was involved with both public and private boards:
- Board member of Liggett Group (1977–1981)
- Board member of Motorola (1978–1983)
- Board member of Midatlantic Bank of New Jersey (1978–1985)
- Board of Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS) (1982–1984)
- Presidential Task Force on International Private Enterprise (1985–1987)
- Board of Governors of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University (1982–1989)
- "H.R. 7152. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964. ADOPTION OF A ... -- House Vote #182 -- Jul 2, 1964". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- "Joni Ernst will be the 16th woman to respond to the State of the Union: Female politicians have been fighting the same sexist attacks for decades". Slate Magazine.
- "Update: First woman to wear pants on House floor, Rep. Charlotte Reid". Washington Post.
- "Commissioners from 1934 to Present". FCC.gov. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
- United States Congress. "Charlotte Thompson Reid (id: R000143)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Noah M. Mason
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 15th congressional district
Cliffard D. Carlson