Holland was born in Southport and attended Southport Technical College. His initial study of physics and mathematics at University of Liverpool was interrupted by World War II. Influenced by a cousin, he subsequently studied geology at the University of Manchester. Remaining to do postgraduate research, he began work on the Ordovician of the Bala area and then the Silurian of Ludlow.
At Manchester he formed the Ludlow Research Group (LRG) with Jim Lawson and Vic Walmsley. This led to the publication of A revised classification of the Ludlovian succession at Ludlow in 1959.
After a period as assistant lecturer at Manchester Holland moved to Bedford College as lecturer and subsequently senior lecturer. In 1966 he was appointed professor of Geology and Mineralogy at Trinity College Dublin, a post which he held until retirement in 1993.
- The Idea Of Time, 1999, WileyBlackwell, ISBN 0-471-98545-7
- The Irish Landscape: A Scenery to Celebrate, Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press, 2003, ISBN 1-903765-20-X
- The Geology of Ireland, Charles H. Holland and Ian S. Sanders (eds), (1st Ed. 1981), 2nd Ed. 2009, Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press, ISBN 978-1-903765-71-5
- "Charles Hepworth Holland 1923-2019". The Geological Society. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
- Holland, C.H.; Lawson, J.D.; Walmsley, V.G. (1959). "A revised classification of the Ludlovian succession at Ludlow". Nature. 184 (4692): 1037–1039. doi:10.1038/1841037a0.
- Patrick N. Wyes Jackson (2002). Patrick N. Wyes Jackson; Matthew A. Parkes; Rachel Wood; Charles Hepworth Holland (eds.). Charles Hepworth Holland - Palaeontologist and Stratigrapher. Special Papers in Palaeontology. 67. pp. 5–13. ISBN 978-0-901702-77-7.
- "Past Presidents". Geological Society. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012.
- "Fellow Emeritus Dr Charles Holland Awarded Lapworth Medal in Palaeontology". Trinity College Dublin. 16 January 2009. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
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