Charles Fefferman  

Born  Washington, D.C., United States  April 18, 1949
Nationality  American 
Alma mater  University of Maryland, College Park Princeton University 
Awards 

Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics 
Institutions  Princeton University, University of Chicago 
Doctoral advisor  Elias Stein 
Doctoral students  Matei Machedon Luis A. Seco 
Charles Louis Fefferman (born April 18, 1949) is an American mathematician at Princeton University, where he is currently the Herbert E. Jones, Jr. '43 University Professor of Mathematics. His primary field of research is mathematical analysis.
Early life and education
Fefferman was born to a Jewish family,^{[1]}^{[2]} in Washington, DC. Fefferman was a child prodigy. Fefferman entered the University of Maryland at age 14,^{[3]}^{[4]}^{[7]} and had written his first scientific paper by the age of 15.^{[3]} He graduated with degrees in math and physics at 17,^{[8]} and earned his PhD in mathematics three years later from Princeton University, under Elias Stein. His doctoral dissertation was titled "Inequalities for strongly singular convolution operators".^{[9]} Fefferman achieved a full professorship at the University of Chicago at the age of 22, making him the youngest full professor ever appointed in the United States.^{[6]}
Career
At the age of 25, he returned to Princeton as a full professor, becoming the youngest person to be promoted to the title.^{[10]} He won the Alan T. Waterman Award in 1976^{[4]} (the first person to get the award) and the Fields Medal in 1978 for his work in mathematical analysis, specifically convergence and divergence.^{[3]} He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1979.^{[11]} He was appointed the Herbert Jones Professor at Princeton in 1984.
In addition to the above, his honors include the Salem Prize in 1971, the Bôcher Memorial Prize in 2008,^{[12]} the Bergman Prize in 1992,^{[13]} and the Wolf Prize in Mathematics for 2017,^{[14]} as well as election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Fefferman contributed several innovations that revised the study of multidimensional complex analysis by finding fruitful generalisations of classical lowdimensional results. Fefferman's work on partial differential equations, Fourier analysis, in particular convergence, multipliers, divergence, singular integrals and Hardy spaces earned him a Fields Medal at the International Congress of Mathematicians at Helsinki in 1978.^{[15]} He was a Plenary Speaker of the ICM in 1974 in Vancouver.^{[16]}
His early work included a study of the asymptotics of the Bergman kernel off the boundaries of pseudoconvex domains in . He has studied mathematical physics, harmonic analysis, fluid dynamics, neural networks, geometry, mathematical finance and spectral analysis, amongst others.
Family
Charles Fefferman and his wife Julie have two daughters, Nina and Lainie. Lainie Fefferman is a composer, taught math at Saint Ann's School and holds a degree in music from Yale University as well as a Ph.D. in music composition from Princeton.^{[17]} She has an interest in Middle Eastern music.^{[18]} Nina Fefferman is a computational biologist residing at the University of Tennessee whose research is concerned with the application of mathematical models to complex biological systems.^{[19]} Charles Fefferman's brother, Robert Fefferman, is also a mathematician and former Dean of the Physical Sciences Division at the University of Chicago.^{[20]}
Works
Fefferman's most cited papers, in the order of citations, include the following.
 Fefferman, C.; Stein, E. M. (1972), "H^{p} spaces of several variables", Acta Mathematica, 129: 137–193, doi:10.1007/bf02392215
 Coifman, R.; Fefferman, C. (1974), "Weighted norm inequalities for maximal functions and singular integrals", Studia Mathematica, 51 (3): 241–250, doi:10.4064/sm513241250
 Fefferman, C.; Stein, E. M. (1971), "Some maximal inequalities", American Journal of Mathematics, 93 (1): 107–115, doi:10.2307/2373450, JSTOR 2373450
 Fefferman, Charles (1974), "The Bergman kernel and biholomorphic mappings of pseudoconvex domains", Inventiones Mathematicae, 26 (1): 1–65, Bibcode:1974InMat..26....1F, doi:10.1007/bf01406845, S2CID 125007742
 Fefferman, Charles L. (1983), "The uncertainty principle", Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 9 (2): 129–206, doi:10.1090/s027309791983151546
 Fefferman, Charles (1970), "Inequalities for strongly singular convolution operators", Acta Mathematica, 124: 9–36, doi:10.1007/bf02394567
 Constantin, P.; Fefferman, C.; Majda, A. J. (1996), "Geometric constraints on potentially singular solutions for the 3D Euler equations", Communications in Partial Differential Equations, 21 (3–4): 559–571, doi:10.1080/03605309608821197
 Fefferman, Charles (1971), "The multiplier problem for the ball", Annals of Mathematics, 94 (2): 330–336, doi:10.2307/1970864, JSTOR 1970864
References
 ^ The Jewish lists: physicists and generals, actors and writers, and hundreds of other lists of accomplished Jews, Martin Harry Greenberg, (Schocken, 1979), page 110
 ^ American Jewish Year Book 2017: The Annual Record of the North American Jewish Communities, Arnold Dashefsky, Ira M. Sheskin, (Springer, 2018), page 796
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} "Interview with Charles Fefferman  OpenMind". OpenMind. 20140107. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Haitch, Richard (19760704). "Charlie Fefferman, Princeton mathematician, and an equation in his hand". The New York Times. ISSN 03624331. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ "Q and A with Prof. Charles Fefferman GS '69". The Princetonian. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Schumacher, Edward (February 27, 1979). "A prodigy keeps young by just thinking". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. 21. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ Some sources say age 12.^{[5]}^{[6]}
 ^ "Hall Of Fame". University of Maryland Alumni Association. 20160524. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ Fefferman, Charles (1969). Inequalities for strongly singular convolution operators.
 ^ "Two named to endowed chairs". pr.princeton.edu. June 8, 1998. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
 ^ "Charles Fefferman". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ "2008 Bôcher Prize" (PDF). American Mathematical Society. 2008. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ "American Mathematical Society". www.ams.org. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ "Wolf Prize to be awarded to eight laureates from US, UK and Switzerland". The Jerusalem Post  JPost.com. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ Carleson, Lennart. "The work of Charles Fefferman." Archived 20171207 at the Wayback Machine Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Helsinki, 1978. vol. 1: 53–56.
 ^ Fefferman, Charles. "Recent progress in classical Fourier analysis." Archived 20131228 at the Wayback Machine Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Vancouver, 1974. vol. 1: 95–118.
 ^ "At Hooding, advanceddegree recipients, advisers celebrate a long, successful journey". Princeton University. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ "Lainie Fefferman". lainiefefferman.com. Retrieved 20171022.
 ^ "Fefferman Lab". Retrieved 20190408.
 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20120204. Retrieved 20120129.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Robert Fefferman webpage at the University of Chicago Office of the President
External links
 O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Charles Fefferman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
 Charles Fefferman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 Charles Fefferman Curriculum Vitae
 "Ad Honorem Charles Fefferman" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 64 (11): 1254–1273. December 2017.