Charles Eberhard Salomon (June 24, 1824 – January 9, 1881) was a colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War who was nominated and confirmed for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers in 1866.
Salomon was born on June 24, 1824 in Prussia. He moved with his three brothers to the United States in the 1840s, settling in Manitowoc, Wisconsin. One brother, Frederick, became a brigadier general in the Union Army. Another brother, Edward, became Governor of Wisconsin. Salomon married Alvina Pitzman and they had three children. He died on January 9, 1881 in Salt Lake City, Utah.
In 1927, a monument to Salomon and his three brothers was erected at the Manitowoc County, Wisconsin Courthouse.
Salomon and his brothers, Frederick and Herman, joined the Army in 1861 after the outbreak of the Civil War. Charles Salomon was appointed captain of the 5th Missouri Volunteer Infantry (3 months, 1861) on May 4, 1861 and two weeks later, on May 18, 1861, he was promoted to colonel. Not long after, he took part in the Battle of Carthage. Salomon was mustered out of the volunteers on August 26, 1861.
Salomon rejoined the army on September 26, 1862 as colonel of the 9th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment and succeeded Frederick, who had been promoted to brigadier general of volunteers, in commanding the regiment. He would lead the 9th Wisconsin Infantry in the First Battle of Newtonia, the Battle of Prairie Grove, the Battle of Helena and the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry. He was mustered out of the volunteers again on December 3, 1864. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Salomon for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.