Cha Bum-kun, in 2009
|Date of birth||22 May 1953|
|Place of birth||Hwaseong, South Korea|
|Height||1.79 m (5 ft 10 1⁄2 in)|
|Playing position||Forward / Winger|
|1976||Seoul Trust Bank|
|1976–1979||ROK Air Force|
|1970–1972||South Korea U20|
|2004–2010||Suwon Samsung Bluewings|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
|Revised Romanization||Cha Beom-geun|
Cha Bum-kun (Hangul: 차범근; Korean pronunciation: [tɕʰa.bʌm.ɡɯn] or [tɕʰa] [pʌm.ɡɯn]; born 22 May 1953) is a South Korean football manager and former player, nicknamed Tscha Bum in Germany ("Cha Boom") because of his name and his thunderous ball striking ability. The nickname was first used by the German kicker Magazine, which also named Cha as one of the greatest footballers of the 1980s. Cha was born in Hwaseong in the South Korean province of Gyeonggi. By 1972 he had been capped by the Korean national team as the youngest player in history called up to the squad. After developing into the top player in his country, Cha wanted to play in Germany's Bundesliga. Cha promised to learn skills in Germany and help Korea advance in football. He eventually rose to international stardom and fulfilled his promise by coming back to South Korea after his retirement and starting youth football clinics. He coached the national team in the 1998 FIFA World Cup and also Ulsan Hyundai and Suwon Samsung Bluewings of the K League. In South Korea, Cha is greatly respected for his accomplishments in the Bundesliga and the South Korean national team. During his career, Cha has played for SV Darmstadt 98, Eintracht Frankfurt and Bayer 04 Leverkusen, and represented his national side 135 times, scoring 58 goals. He was given the title Asia's Player of the Century by the International Federation of Football History and Statistics. He is the all-time leading goal scorer for the South Korean national team.
Cha became famous when he was a Kyungshin High School FC player in 1970 and in the same year he became a Korean U-20 international. In 1972, Cha entered Korea University. After graduation, he started senior career with Seoul Trust Bank FC in 1976. In October 1976, he joined South Korean Air Force FC due to military service.
He attracted the attention of Friedel Rausch while playing for the national team and he began his career in the Bundesliga at age twenty-five, after he had completed the compulsory military training for all South Korean men. He was widely considered one of the best forwards in the Bundesliga throughout his career. In December 1978, he was transferred to SV Darmstadt 98, where he spent just less than a month before being snapped up by Eintracht Frankfurt. Due to Cha's complicated military service problem, after his debut match with VfL Bochum on 30 December 1978, Cha returned to South Korea on 5 January 1979 and he spent his spare military service duration until 31 May 1979 and didn't play for SV Darmstadt 98.
After being discharged from the military service completely, Cha joined Eintracht Frankfurt in July 1979. Cha made an immediate impact with his new club, scoring in three consecutive games. Frankfurt went on to win the UEFA Cup in the 1979–80 season and Cha was awarded Man of the Match in the final. He became the third-highest-paid footballer in Germany. In the 1981 season, he suffered a near career-ending knee injury in a game against Leverkusen, an incident that nearly led to a riot by Frankfurt fans. Cha recovered in time for the German Cup Final, where he scored a goal in Frankfurt's 3–1 victory. However, he would transfer to Bayer Leverkusen in 1983. He won a second UEFA Cup with them in 1988. Cha scored a dramatic equaliser against Espanyol to tie the game 3–3. Leverkusen eventually went on to win the game on penalties, their first major tournament victory.
Cha retired in 1989 after a long Bundesliga career spanning 308 games in which he scored 98 goals (none from penalty kicks), then the highest for a foreign player in the league. Over his 10-year career, he received only one yellow card.
Cha became a Korean U-20 international in 1970. He participated in 1971 AFC Youth Championship and 1972 AFC Youth Championship. Cha made his debut for the senior national team when he was nineteen years old and still a student at Korea University in 1972.
In the 1972 Asian Cup, Cha scored a goal as South Korea reached the final before losing to Iran. He was part of the South Korean national team in the 1978 Asian Games, where the team jointly won the gold medal with North Korea due to the final ending in a scoreless draw. His last international tournament was the 1986 FIFA World Cup finals in Mexico, South Korea's first appearance since 1954. Cha had retired from international play but was persuaded to come back for the tournament. South Korea lost to Argentina and Italy but drew against Bulgaria. The opposing teams were fully aware of Cha's scoring abilities and frustrated him by putting two defenders on him at all times, and he went scoreless in the tournament. Looking back, he said, "We didn't achieve our first win but the campaign wasn't disappointing as we played hard and well against the best teams in the world, including the eventual champions Argentina." Cha retired from international football following the tournament.
Cha moved into management with K-League side Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i, coaching them from 1991–1994. His next appointment in January 1997 was Korean national team coach and he led the nation to the 1998 FIFA World Cup; however, a disastrous 5–0 defeat at the hands of The Netherlands in Korea's second group game got Cha fired. He later blamed the Korea Football Association for the bad performance, citing lack of bonuses and alleging pro soccer games in Korea were fixed. The KFA promptly slapped a five-year ban on him and he soon left the country with his wife.
Cha achieved immediate success with Suwon by lifting the 2004 K-League championship, an achievement he ranked as even better than lifting the UEFA Cup as a player in 1988.
On 6 June 2010, he resigned as manager of Suwon.
Cha is a devout Christian and said the three most important things in his life are "family, religion and football". Bum-Kun's second child, Cha Du-ri, followed in his father's footsteps. Du-ri played in Germany and switched positions from forward to defender. He retired in 2015 after two seasons with FC Seoul.
Cha is widely considered to be the best South Korean footballer of all time, as well as the best Asian player. In light of this he was labelled Asia's Player of the Century for his breakthrough performances in the Bundesliga during a time when few Asians played in European leagues. He has since been considered one of the best foreign players to play in the Bundesliga, and received praise from his peers. Alex Ferguson called him "unstoppable" following Aberdeen's loss to Frankfurt and Lothar Matthäus called him "the best attacker in the world" after Frankfurt's victory in the 1980 UEFA Cup Final.
|Korea Republic national team|
Seoul Trust Bank
Bayer 04 Leverkusen
- KFA Team of the Year: 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978
- KFA Footballer of the Year: 1973
- Korean Semi-professional League Player of the Season: 1976 Spring
- UEFA Cup Final Man of the Match: 1980
- kicker Bundesliga Team of the Season: 1979–80, 1985–86
- IFFHS Asia's Player of the Century: 1999
- IFFHS World Player of the Century Nominee: 2000 (60th place)
- Eintracht Frankfurt All-time XI: 2013
- ESPN Asian Footballer of All-time: 2015
- IFFHS Legends: 2016
Suwon Samsung Bluewings
- K League 1: 2004, 2008
- Korean FA Cup: 2009
- Korean League Cup: 2005, 2008
- Korean Super Cup: 2005
- A3 Champions Cup: 2005
- Pan-Pacific Championship: 2009
- AFC Coach of the Year: 1997
- K League 1 Manager of the Year: 2004, 2008
- Korean FA Cup Best Manager: 2009
- Cha is the ninth player in history to win the UEFA Cup with different teams. Cha shares the record with reputable players such as Salvatore Schillaci, Radamel Falcao and Jürgen Klinsmann.
- Cha once held the Bundesliga record for the number of goals scored by a non-German player by surpassing predecessor Ente Lippens's record of 92 goals in 1988. In 1999, Swiss Stéphane Chapuisat broke Cha's Bundesliga record of 98 goals. As of September 2016, Cha is ranked sixth in the category after Claudio Pizarro's 167, Giovane Élber's 133, Robert Lewandowski's 128, Chapuisat's 106, and Aílton's 105 goals.
- Cha's record of 17 league goals in the 1985–86 season remains as the highest goal-tally achieved by an Asian player in Bundesliga history. The finest effort to date in attempt to match Cha's feat was delivered by Iranian striker Vahid Hashemian, who scored 16 goals during the 2003–04 season with Bochum.
- Cha is South Korea's all-time leading scorer with 58 goals in international A matches.
- Different sources list different numbers for Cha's national team appearances and goals. RSSSF: 121 appearances, 55 goals: Yoon, Hyung-Jin; Mamrud, Roberto; Schneider, Marius (23 October 2002). "Bum-Kun Cha - Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
Korea Football Association: 136 appearances, 58 goals: "Cha Bum-kun National Team Stats". KFA (in Korean). Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "월드컵대표 일부 개편 홍명보·하석주등 가세" (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 21 February 1998.
- "대표선수 18명확정 亞洲청소년축구 4���22일까지 强訓" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 12 March 1971.
- "14회 亞州青少年축구 파견 代表선수 18명選抜" (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 9 March 1972.
- "이적물의 차범근 10월초 입대" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 3 September 1976. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- "차범근과 병역문제" (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 8 January 1979.
- "차범근 이적동의서 받아" (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 2 July 1979. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- Matthias Arnhold (28 March 2012). "Cha Bum-Kun – Matches and Goals in Bundesliga". RSSSF. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "'Cha Boom!'Cha Bum-kun's success was not only limited in Germany".[dead link]
- "Top 10 Bundesliga Imports". Goal.com. 1 August 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "The legend of Cha Bum kun". InBedWithMaradona. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "[독일통신] 퍼거슨의 가장 큰 고민이었던 프랑크푸르트의 차범근" (in Korean). Footballist. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "Cha Bum-kun Official Stats by Korea Football Association" (in Korean). KFA. Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- Mamrud, Roberto; Villante, Eric (9 June 2016). "Bum-Kun Cha - Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "차범근1 CHA Bumkun FW" (in Korean). KFA. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- "全國蹴球폐막 高大,3년만에 覇權" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 2 December 1974.
- "外換·信託 공동우승 實業축구 폐막" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 31 May 1976.
- "體育記者團「베스트11」뽑아 朴利天 올해 蹴球最優秀선수" (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 28 December 1972.
- "축구 베스트11선정 最優秀선수 車範根 기자단" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 22 December 1973.
- "記者團 최우수선수 卞鎬瑛 蹴球베스트11 선발" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 24 December 1974.
- "최우수 축구선수 金鎬坤 선정 體育記者團" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 28 January 1976.
- "76年最優秀選手에 蹴球崔鍾德을選定 體育記者團" (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 8 February 1977.
- "趙榮增 최우수選手로 新聞·通信 蹴球기자 선정" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 26 December 1977.
- "최우수선수 金在漢 蹴球베스트11 선정" (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 16 January 1979.
- "Cha Bum-Kun". IFFHS.
- "Bundesliga Historie 1979/80" (in German). kicker.
- "Bundesliga Historie 1985/86" (in German). kicker.
- "IFFHS HISTORY : ASIA – PLAYER OF THE CENTURY (1900-1999)". IFFHS. 10 October 2017.
- "The World's best Player of the Century". IFFHS. 4 January 2000. Archived from the original on 8 October 2007.
- "Wiedersehen der Legenden in U-Bahn-Station" (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 23 January 2013.
- "Countdown: The Top 10 Asian footballers of all time". ESPN. 8 January 2015.
- "IFFHS announce the 48 football legend players". IFFHS. 25 January 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
- "Asian Player of the Year". RSSSF. 18 January 2018.
- "2004삼성하우젠 K리그 대상은 '수원 잔치'" (in Korean). Ohmynews. 15 December 2004.
- "이운재, MVP 영예...신인상은 이승렬, 감독상은 차범근 감독" (in Korean). Sports Chosun. 9 December 2008.
- "최우수감독상 수상한 차범근 감독" (in Korean). Newsis. 8 November 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cha Bum-Kun.|
- Cha Bum-kun – FIFA competition record
- Cha Bum-kun – National Team Stats at KFA (in Korean)
- Cha Bum-kun at National-Football-Teams.com
- Cha Bum-kun at fussballdaten.de (in German)