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The Catholic Church in Belarus is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome. The first Latin Rite diocese in Belarus was established in Turaŭ between 1008 and 1013. Catholicism was a traditionally dominant religion of Belarusian nobility (the szlachta) and of a large part of the population of West Belarus.
As of 2009, there are 1,632,605 Catholics in the country, about 17% of the total population. Most of these belong to the Latin Rite dioceses. A small minority are of Byzantine Rite, forming the particular Belarusian Greek Catholic Church, which is in union with the Holy See and follows the Byzantine Slavonic ritual.
Polish and Lithuanian minorities in Belarus are predominantly Latin-Rite Catholics, but over 1 million Latin-Rite Catholics are ethnic Belarusians (over 15% of ethnic Belarusians total). The Greek Catholics are mostly ethnic Belarusians, with some Ukrainians.
Three suffragan dioceses:
Metropolitan Archbishop Tadeusz Kondrusiewicz is the leader of the Latin-Rite Catholic Church in Belarus.
- "Official site of the Catholic Church in Belarus. Statistical data 2009-03-01". Archived from the original on 2017-03-15. Retrieved 2010-10-18.