Catherine J. Cesarsky
Catherine J. Cesarsky
|Born||24 February 1943|
|Alma mater||University of Buenos Aires|
|Known for||Designing the ISOCAM camera on board the Infrared Space Observatory|
|Awards||COSPAR Space Science Award (1998)|
|Institutions||European Southern Observatory|
|Thesis||Interactions of Cosmic Rays with Hydromagnetic Waves in the Galaxy (1971)|
Catherine Jeanne Cesarsky (born Catherine Jeanne Gattegno on 24 February 1943) is an Argentine and French astronomer, known for her successful research activities in several central areas of modern astrophysics. She was formerly president of the International Astronomical Union (2006-2009) and the director general of the European Southern Observatory (1999–2007). In 2017 she became Chairman of the Board of the Square Kilometre Array radio telescope project.
Born in France, Catherine Cesarsky was largely raised in Argentina and she received a degree in physical sciences at the University of Buenos Aires. She graduated with a PhD in astronomy in 1971 from Harvard University (Cambridge, Mass., USA), and for three years was a faculty member at the California Institute of Technology.
- In 1974, she moved to France, becoming a staff member of the Service d'Astrophysique, Direction des Sciences de la Matière, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, and she established her further career in France. From 1985 to 1993, she was the head of the Service d'Astrophysique. Later, as Director of Direction des Sciences de la Matière from 1994 to 1999, she led about 3000 scientists, engineers and technicians active within a broad spectrum of basic research programmes in physics, chemistry, astrophysics and earth sciences. From 1999 to 2007, she was the Director General of the European Southern Observatory; she was thus responsible for the end of construction of the Very Large Telescope (VLT)[clarification needed] and its instruments and for the operations, for the conclusion of the agreements and the first part of the construction of Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA),[clarification needed] and she launched the studies for the European Extremely Large Telescope. At present,[when?] she is the High Commissioner for Atomic Energy in France, advisor to the French government for science and energy issues. She chairs the Science Program Committee of the French space agency, Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, and the Consultative Committee European Atomic Energy Community - Fusion.
- From August 2006 to August 2009, she was President of the International Astronomical Union. She is recipient of the 1998 COSPAR (Committee on Space Research) Space Science Award, member or Foreign member of various Academies (French Académie des Sciences, Academia Europaea, International Academy of Astronautics, National Academy of Sciences USA, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Royal Society of London), and Doctor Honoris Causa from the Geneva University. Catherine Cesarsky is Commandeur de l’Ordre national du Mérite and Commandeur de l’Ordre de la Légion d’honneur.
- Dr. Cesarsky is known for her research activities in several central areas of modern astrophysics. The first part of her career was devoted to the high-energy domain. This has involved studies of the propagation and composition of galactic cosmic rays, of matter and fields in the diffuse interstellar medium, as well as the acceleration of particles in astrophysical shocks, e.g. in connection with supernovae.
- She then turned to infrared astronomy. She was the principal investigator of the camera on board the Infrared Space Observatory of the European Space Agency, which flew between 1995 and 1998. As such, she has led the central programme, which studied the infrared emission from a variety of galactic and extragalactic sources and yielded new and exciting results on star formation and galactic evolution. These were consolidated through further observations with the ESO VLT,[clarification needed] the satellites Spitzer and now Herschel.
Awards and distinctions
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- Recipient of the 1998 Committee on Space Research Space Sciences Award.
- Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Mérite (1989)
- Officier de l'Ordre national du Mérite (1999).
- Officier de la Légion d'Honneur (2004).
- Commandeur de l'Ordre national du Mérite (2008)
- Chevalier / Commandeur / Grand Officier de la Légion d'Honneur (1994 / 2011 / 2018)
- Member of the French Academy of Sciences (2007)
- Member of the Academia Europaea
- Member of the International Academy of Astronautics
- Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2005)
- Foreign Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
- Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London (2005)
- Prix Jules Janssen of the Société astronomique de France (French Astronomical Society) (2009)
- 2010 Doctorate Honoris Causa University of Geneva
- "Dr. Catherine Cesarsky". Retrieved 27 June 2017.
- "Catherine Cesarsky elected president of the International Astronomical Union" (Press release). International Astronomical Union. 28 August 2006.
- "Département d'Astrophysique". irfu.cea.fr.
- "Redirection vers ceasciences.fr dans 5 sec". www-dsm.cea.fr. Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
- "Welcome". CEA/English Portal. 19 October 2013.
- "Institut de France, Académie des sciences" (PDF).
- Décret du 16 mai 2008 paru au Journal officiel de la République française du 17 mai 2008.
- Décret du 31 décembre 2010 portant promotion paru au Journal officiel de la République française du 1 janvier 2011.
- Décret du 16 mai 2008 portant promotion et nomination, retrieved 25 January 2020
- "Catherine Cesarsky, élevée à la dignité de grand officier dans l'Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur | Membres à la une | Membres | Nous connaître". www.academie-sciences.fr. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Catherine Cesarsky | Liste des membres de l'Académie des sciences / C | Listes par ordre alphabétique | Listes des membres | Membres | Nous connaître". www.academie-sciences.fr. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "International Academy of Astronautics". iaaweb.org. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- [email protected] "Catherine Cesarsky Elected Foreign Associate of the US National Academy of Sciences". www.eso.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Catherine Cesarsky | Royal Society". royalsociety.org. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
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