|Comune di Castelmezzano|
|• Total||33.91 km2 (13.09 sq mi)|
|• Density||23/km2 (60/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Castelmezzano (Lucano: Castrëmënzànë) is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. It is bounded by the comuni of Albano di Lucania, Anzi, Laurenzana, Pietrapertosa, Trivigno.
It is part of the club The most beautiful villages in Italy. In 2007 Castelmezzano was chosen by Arthur Frommer's Budget Travel magazine among "The best places you've never heard of". The Telegraph included Castelmezzano among its "Italy's 19 most beautiful villages" list in 2017, defining it "one of southern Italy's most stunningly located villages".
The origins of Castelmezzano date to approximately between the 6th and 5th centuries BC, when Greek settlers got into the valley of Basento and founded a town called Maudoro, meaning roughly the world of gold. In the 10th century AD, the Saracen invasions forced the local population to find a new location. It is said that during the exodus, a pastor called Paolino discovered a place to move, formed by rocks from the steep peaks which could repel the invaders by means of rolling stone boulders on to the invaders.
After occupation by the Lombards, the Normans settled there between the 11th and 13th century AD and built a castle (the remains of which the walls and tier of rocks allowed access to the higher lookout point are still visible). It was from the name of the castle (Castrum Medianum, roughly means Castle in the Middle) that the town derived its name, the castle so named because of its position between those of Pietrapertosa and Albano di Lucania. With the Normans, Castelmezzano experienced a period of peace and development, until the Angevins experienced a sharp decline. In 1310, the municipality was entrusted to the Diocese of Potenza (PZ) and in 1324 to that of Acerenza.
With the arrival of the Crown of Aragon, between the 14th and 16th century, many landowners received Castelmezzano as feudo, although the economic and social conditions remained mostly unchanged. Only with the appointment of Baron Giovanni Antonio De Leonardis (whose family governed the town from 1580 to 1686), did development take place. Subsequently, it passed by marriage to the De Lerma, who remained until 1805, when feudalism was on the verge of extinction in southern Italy.
In the 19th century, Castelmezzano was affected by brigandage. Due to its location, rich in natural hiding places among the rocks and lush vegetation, it was an ideal refuge for many bandits. At the end of the century, the town suffered a major migratory exodus, which prompted many families to move overseas.
- Chiesa Madre di Santa Maria dell'Olmo
- Chiesa del Santo Sepolcro
- Cappella della Madonna dell’Annunziata
- Cappella di San Marco
- Cappella di Santa Maria "Regina Coeli"
- Anthony Campagna, Count of Castelmezzano (1884–1969), Italian American real estate developer
- Charles V. Paterno (1876–1946), Italian American real estate developer
- Eugenio Santoro (1920–2006), Italian Swiss sculptor and painter
- Bob Yosco (1874–1942), Italian American musician and Vaudeville performer
The Volo dell'Angelo (Angel Flight) is a high-speed zip line crossing the valley between Castelmezzano and neighbouring Pietrapertosa, offering a suggestive view at over 400 metres (1,300 feet) from the ground at speeds of 120 km/h (70 mph). Inaugurated in 2007, the event is held annually between May and November.
The Percorso delle Sette Pietre (Seven Stones Path) is a literary walk inspired by Mimmo Sammartino’s book Vito ballava con le streghe (Vito danced with the witches), based on ancient stories handed down orally. Each path includes a space that evokes a sequence of the story, with a sound environment that offers additional suggestions to the magic of nature revealed.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Castelmezzano: the Pearl of the Lucanian Dolomites". borghitalia.it. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "The best places you've never heard of. Scouting Report 2007". budgettravel.com. September 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- Lee Marshall (25 November 2017). "Italy's 19 most beautiful villages". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
- "Matera and the Basilicata region" (PDF). basilicataturistica.it. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
- "The Seven Stones Path". volodellangelo.com. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Castelmezzano.|