|Province of Castellón
Province of Castelló
Map of Spain with highlighted
|Autonomous community||Valencian Country|
|Capital||Castelló de la Plana|
|• President||Javier Moliner Gargallo (PPCV)|
|• Total||6,679 km2 (2,579 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 38th|
|• Rank||Ranked 28th|
|• Density||88/km2 (230/sq mi)|
Province of Castellón or Castelló (Valencian: [kasteˈʎo]) is a province in the northern part of the Valencian Country. It is bordered by the provinces of Valencia to the south, Teruel to the west, Tarragona to the north, and by the Mediterranean Sea to the east. The western side of the province is in the mountainous, the Iberian System area.
Castelló's capital is Castelló de la Plana (Valencian: Castelló de la Plana). The province had a population of 501,237 in 2002, 30% of whom were residing in the capital, 60% in its metropolitan area, and 85% along the coastline. As of 2012, the population had since grown to 604,564 people. The province, and in particular its idle large airport, has become a symbol of the wasteful spending and corruption prior to the Spanish financial crisis.
It is a bilingual territory, with many inhabitants speaking both Spanish and the local, co-official language of Valencian. Spanish and Catalan are closely related and understandable to a fair degree Catalan. There are marked distinctions in vocabulary and grammar which puts Catalan closer to Occitan in southern France and would make it difficult for a monolingual speaker of Spanish to understand. Usage is a source of some controversy and political but not to the degree as in Catalonia.
Castelló is the home of Penyagolosa, the highest mountain of the province.
Traditionally, the economy of Castelló has been focused on the production of citrus and vegetables (Nules and Benicarló). Since the 17th century, Castellón has developed an important ceramic and ceramic tile industry (Onda, L'Alcora, Nules, Castelló and Villarreal) and nowadays most of the Spanish tile producers are concentrated in the province. Also, furniture (Benicarló and Vinaròs) and chemical industries (Benicarló and Castelló) are present.
Traditional industries such as shoe and footwear (La Vall d'Uixó), fishing (Castelló, Vinaròs) and textiles (Vilafranca and Morella), have given way to a service-based economy due to the increasing importance of tourism in the economy of the province.
The province is historically subdivided into the following comarques:
Notes and references
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Castellón (province).|
Media related to Province of Castelló at Wikimedia Commons
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