|Full name||Carlos José Castilho|
|Date of birth||27 November 1932|
|Place of birth||Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro), Brazil|
|Date of death||2 February 1987(aged 59)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Carlos José Castilho (November 27, 1927 – February 2, 1987) was a Brazilian football goalkeeper. He played for Fluminense from 1947 to 1964 and for Brazil. He was a member of the Brazil squad in four World Cups: 1950, 1954, 1958 and 1962, but he only actually played three games, all of them in the 1954 finals. He was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
He was noted as a goalkeeper for making seemingly impossible saves. He was said[by whom?] to have unbelievable good luck – the ball often hit the post when he played in goal. Due to his good luck, his opponents' supporters called him "Leiteria" (lucky man) and Fluminense supporters called him "Saint Castilho".
He is said[by whom?] to be an example of stoicism. Once when he injured his finger for the fifth time, and the doctor told him it would require a two-month treatment, he decided to partially amputate it. Two weeks after the operation he was already back playing for Fluminense.
During his career he appeared in 696 games for Fluminense, a club record. In Fluminense he conceded 777 goals and played 255 games without conceding any goal and it was the best result in Fluminense history..
After his retirement from playing sport, he coached many teams from Brazil.
He died by committing suicide on February 2, 1987.