|Alma mater||University of Siena|
London School of Economics
Carlo Cottarelli (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkarlo kottaˈrɛlli]; born 18 August 1954) is an Italian economist and former director of the International Monetary Fund. On 28 May 2018 he was designated Prime Minister of Italy by President Sergio Mattarella, to lead a caretaker government that would bring Italy toward new elections. However after few days, the Five Star Movement and the League reached an agreement and a new government, led by Giuseppe Conte, was formed.
Early life and career
Carlo Cottarelli was born in Cremona, Lombardy, in 1954. He graduated in Economics and Banking at the University of Siena and received a master's degree in Economics at the London School of Economics. From 1981 to 1987, he worked in the Research Department of the Bank of Italy and in Eni from 1987 to 1988.
Starting in September 1988 he began working for the International Monetary Fund, in which he was part of several departments: the European Department (of which he was Senior Advisor responsible for supervising the IMF's activities in a dozen countries), the Monetary and Capital Markets Department, the Strategy, Policy, and Review Department (of which he was vice president too) and From November 2008 to 2013 he was appointed Director of the Fiscal Affairs Department of the IMF. He was also responsible for the development and publication of Fiscal Monitor, one of the three semi-annual publications on economic developments in various economic sectors. He later returned to the IMF to serve as Executive Director for Italy and a group of other countries including Greece. During this period, Cottarelli wrote several essays on fiscal and policy, fiscal institutions. 
In November 2013 he was appointed by the government of Enrico Letta, Extraordinary Commissioner for the Spending Review. The tasks of the Extraordinary Commissioner regarded the expenses of public administrations, public utilities, as well as of the companies controlled directly or indirectly by public administrations that do not issue financial instruments listed on regulated markets. This office gave him the nickname "Mr. Spending Review", with which he became quite known in Italy. He was also known by the press as "Mr. Scissors," due to his frequent habit of cutting public spending, while serving as an official in the IMF.
On 1 November 2014, he was appointed, by the cabinet of Matteo Renzi, Executive Director of the International Monetary Fund Board. For this reason, on October 30, 2014, he left the commission of expenditure’s review. In an interview released shortly before the term of the office, he spoke of the faced difficulties relating to the political and the bureaucratic system.
The March 2018 election resulted in a hung parliament, with no coalitions able to form a majority of seats in both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. The election was seen as a backlash against the establishment with both the Five Star Movement and the League becoming the two largest parties in the Parliament.
After weeks of political deadlock, Mattarella gave the private law professor Giuseppe Conte the task of forming a new cabinet at the head of a populist coalition formed by the Five Star Movement and the League, who had reached a substantial agreement on a government agenda. However, on 27 May 2018, Conte renounced the office due to contrasts between the League's leader Matteo Salvini and President Sergio Mattarella. Salvini proposed the university professor Paolo Savona as Minister of Economy and Finances, but Mattarella strongly opposed him, as the media considered Savona too Eurosceptic and anti-German. In his speech after Conte's resignation, Mattarella declared that the two parties wanted to bring Italy out of the Eurozone, and as the guarantor of Italian Constitution and country's interest and stability he could not allow this. On the following day, Mattarella gave Cottarelli the task of forming a new government.
In the statement released after the designation, Cottarelli specified that in case of confidence by the Parliament, he would contribute to the approval of the budget law for 2019, then the Parliament would be dissolved and a new general election would be called for the beginning of 2019. In the absence of confidence, the government would deal only with the so-called current affairs and lead the country toward new elections after August 2018. Cottarelli also guaranteed the neutrality of the government and the commitment not to run for the next election. He ensured a prudent management of Italian national debt and the defense of national interests through a constructive dialogue with the European Union. On 28 May 2018, the Democratic Party (PD) announced that it would abstain from voting the confidence to Cottarelli, while the Five Star Movement and the center-right parties Forza Italia (FI), Brothers of Italy (FdI) and the League announced their vote against.
Cottarelli was expected to submit his list of ministers for approval to President Mattarella on 29 May. However, on 29 May and 30 May he held only informal consultations with the President. According to the Italian media, he is facing difficulties due to the unwillingness of several potential candidates to serve as ministers in his cabinet and may even renounce. Meanwhile, Matteo Salvini and Luigi Di Maio announced their willingness to restart the negotiations to form a political government, and Giorgia Meloni, leader of FdI, gave her support to the initiative. On 31 May, when M5S and the League declared of having reached an agreement regarding a new cabinet, Cottarelli resigned from his position.
- La lista della spesa. La verità sulla spesa pubblica italiana e su come si può tagliare. Rome: Feltrinelli. 2015. ISBN 978-88-07-17291-5.
- Il macigno. Perché il debito pubblico ci schiaccia e come si fa a liberarsene. Rome: Feltrinelli. 2016. ISBN 978-88-07-17302-8.
- I sette peccati capitali dell'economia italiana. Rome: Feltrinelli. 2016. ISBN 978-88-07-17332-5.
- Chi è Carlo Cottarelli? Biografia del possibile Presidente del Consiglio
- Who is Carlo Cottarelli, the technocrat who could be Italy's next PM?
- "Cottarelli accetta l'incarico: "Senza fiducia il Paese al voto dopo agosto"". Repubblica.it (in Italian). 2018-05-28. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
- Ex-IMF official Carlo Cottarelli asked to be Italy's new prime minister
- Lega-5Stelle, intesa sui ministri: Tria all'Economia, Savona alle Politiche comunitarie, Moavero agli Esteri. Confermato Conte premier
- Chi è Carlo Cottarelli: Mr Spending review chiamato a nuova impresa
- Le biografie dei relatori
- Carlo Cottarelli – Biographical Information
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- l Commissario Cottarelli che sale dal Fondo “La mia spending review senza tagli lineari”
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- Italian president asks ‘Mr. Scissors’ technocrat to form government
- Italy will be led by “Mr. Scissor”. Here there’s everything you need to know
- Italy’s interim prime minister is a former IMF official nicknamed “Mr. Scissors”
- Carlo Cottarelli: Italy president names stop-gap PM
- «Non mi davano neanche i documenti Le resistenze dei burocrati a Roma»
- Osservarorio dei Conti Pubblici Italiani
- "Populists vie for power after Italy vote". BBC News. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "La possibile alleanza - Governo, verso l'intesa M5S-Lega: ambasciatori a lavoro, ma sulla Camera è impasse".
- "Chi è Giuseppe Conte, scelto da Luigi Di Maio per la possibile squadra di governo". formiche.net (in Italian). 28 February 2018.
- "Italy populist government pact: Candidate for prime minister named". BBC News. 21 May 2018. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Italian president in talks as populist parties put forward novice for PM". The Guardian.
- Governo, Conte rimette l'incarico. M5S: "Il Colle ha posto veto su Savona". Il leader leghista: "Torniamo al voto"
- L'ora più buia di Mattarella: la scelta obbligata di difendere l'interesse nazionale dopo il no dei partiti alla soluzione Giorgetti per l'Economia
- Governo, telefonate di solidarietà al Colle e sui social #iostoconMattarella
- Cottarelli accetta di formare il governo: con la fiducia al voto nel 2019, senza dopo agosto
- Governo, Mattarella dà l'incarico. Cottarelli: 'Senza fiducia elezioni dopo agosto'
- "Berlusconi: "No alla fiducia e centrodestra unito al voto". Ma Salvini: "Alleanza con Fi? Ci penserò"". Repubblica.it (in Italian). 2018-05-28. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
- "Pd, Martina: "Fiducia a Cottarelli". Renzi: "Salviamo il Paese". E i dem: manifestazione nazionale a Roma il 1° giugno". Repubblica.it (in Italian). 2018-05-28. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
- Online, Redazione. "Incontro informale in corso tra Cottarelli e MattarellaI tre scenari possibili". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 2018-05-30.
- "Governo, Cottarelli vede Mattarella. Ora al lavoro alla Camera. Riparte la trattativa giallo-verde". Repubblica.it (in Italian). 2018-05-30. Retrieved 2018-05-30.
- "Di Maio: "Impeachment non più sul tavolo". E si riapre l'ipotesi di un governo Lega-M5s". Repubblica.it (in Italian). 2018-05-29. Retrieved 2018-05-30.
- Governo, Cottarelli rimette il mandato tra gli applausi della sala stampa
- Cottarelli, Miria, la moglie economista che non ama i salotti
- Media related to Carlo Cottarelli at Wikimedia Commons