Carina Massone Negrone
|Born||20 June 1911|
|Died||19 March 1991 (aged 79)|
Married to the marquis Ambrogio Negrone (with whom she had a son, Vittorio), she was the first Italian woman to obtain (in 1933) a pilot's license from the Reale Unione Nazionale Aeronautica (RUNA).
A keen sportswoman (swimming, ski, tennis), she preferred flying, an activity that at the time was mainly practised by men, the intended interpreters of the manly dynamism encouraged by Futurism and Fascism.
On 5 May 1934, she established her first personal record by flying at an altitude of 5,544 metres with a Class C seaplane. Following this achievement and with the support of her friend Italo Balbo, she decided to attempt to beat Maryse Hilsz's world record of 11,289 metres. As preparation, she trained as an air force pilot at Guidonia Montecelio airport.
Due to air rarefaction and low temperature at high altitude (down to -35 °C), her medical staff did not expect her to fly beyond an altitude of 11,000 metres. However, despite a state of daze (that she referred to as euphoria), through sheer determination she reached 12,043 metres (39,402 feet), thus beating Hilsz's record by 754 metres.
She went on to achieve 7 additional flying world records, the last of which was on 19 June 1954, flying from Brescia to Luxor (Egypt) - 2,987 km in 13 hours 34 minutes, at an average speed of 299 km per hour.
- Enrico Silvestri (18 June 2011). "Cento anni fa nasceva Caterina Massone, prima donna con il brevetto di volo". il Giornale.
- Italian Fascism and the Female Body: Sport, Submissive Women and ...Gigliola Gori - 2012 - 1135762732 On 20 June 1935 Carina Massone set off on her attempt to reclaim the women's record for class C seaplanes, which the Frenchwoman Marise Hilsz had taken from her by flying up to 11,289 metres. Massone ...
- Cited in Centennialofflight.gov Archived 2012-10-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Cited in Gwdg.de
- See: Chieracostui.com
- Massimo Zamorani, Nel cielo di Genova: due secoli di voli, Ecig, Genova 1986 (in Italian)
- Massimo Zamorani, Vola Genova. Cento anni di volo, De Ferrari, Genova 1997 ISBN 8871721039 (in Italian)