Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the East African nation of Somalia. Most of executions in Somalia are through shooting, but Sharia courts also use beheading and stoning. In 2011 three soldiers were executed for murder by the Transitional Federal Government. The activist NGO Human Rights Watch noted in 2014 that summary executions were on the rise in the nation. At least 14 executions were carried out in 2016, and the rate of executions rose in 2017, which human rights groups mainly attributed to military courts and the militant jihadist group Al-Shabaab. The European Union requested that Somalia enact a moratorium on the death penalty as a result.
- The Death Penalty: Amnesty International Report. Amnesty International Publications. 1979. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0900058889.
- "The Death Penalty in Somalia". Cornell Law School. Death Penalty Worldwide. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- Laetitia, Baeder (25 August 2014). "Summary executions in Somalia". Al Jazeera. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- "Death sentences and executions in 2016". Amnesty International. 11 April 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- Hassan, Mohamed Olad (15 May 2017). "Executions Increase in Somalia". Voice of America. Retrieved 2 January 2018.