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A Capability, in the systems engineering sense, is defined as the ability to execute a specified course of action. A capability may or may not be accompanied by an intention. The term is used in the defense industry but also in private industry (e.g. Gap analysis).
Capability Gap Analysis
The Joint Capabilities Integration Development System is an important part of DoD military planning. The "Operation of the JCIDS" introduces a Capability Based Analysis (CBA) process that includes identification of capability gaps. In essence, a Capability Gap Analysis is the determination of needed capabilities that do not yet exist. The Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) suggests the use of the Operational Activity Model (OV-5) in conducting a CGA.
- Capability Management
- Operational Activity Model (OV-5)
- Operational Event-Trace Description (OV-6c)
- Joint Capabilities Integration Development System
- "Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms", Joint Publication 1-02, DoD, 17 March 2009 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-11-23. Retrieved 2007-10-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Operation of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS)", Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJS), CJCS Manual 3170.01, 24 June 2003  Archived 2011-05-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Antommarchi, Sidney N., "A Process for Modeling and Simulation Capability Gap Analysis", Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference (I/ITSEC), December 2008 
- Antommarchi, Sidney N., "Enhancing and Expanding the Modeling & Simulation Composability Paradigm", 08S-SIW-067, Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization (SISO), April 2008 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2009-07-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Department of Defense Architecture Framework", Version 1.5, Volume 2, Department of Defense, 15 August 2003