|• Total||54.36 sq mi (140.79 km2)|
|• Land||54.35 sq mi (140.77 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||60.13/sq mi (23.22/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Living sign
- 4 Business and industry
- 5 Schools
- 6 Geography
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Communities and locations in the Town of Canisteo
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
The name "Canisteo" derives from the Seneca language and translates roughly to "board on the water".
The first settlers arrived around 1788, making Canisteo one of the earliest locations occupied in the county. A large proportion of the first settlers of Canisteo were from Pennsylvania, since at the time access was primarily via the Susquehanna River; there were no direct links to Albany or New York City.
The town was formed in 1796 at the time of the creation of the county and is one of its original towns.
A local writer, in the year 1811, in describing the town of Canisteo says, "it is 19 miles (31 km) miles long, north and south, by 14 miles (23 km) wide; its area is 266 square miles (690 km2). The Canisteo river courses centrally across the town, and is boatable from Arkport to Tioga, in the town of Painted Post. Boats descend the Canisteo laden with one thousand bushels of wheat. The settlements are of recent date, and still retain their first local names. At Hornell's Mills, on the Canisteo, is a ferry and a road of pretty extensive travel; here is located the Canisteo Post-office.":22
Hornell was originally a village in the town of Canisteo. From parts of Canisteo came, in whole or part, the Towns of West Union, Hartsville, Hornellsville (1820), Troupsburg (1808, 1818), Greenwood (1827), and Jasper (1837).
The population of Canisteo in 1905 was 3,171.
Residents of Canisteo settled Canisteo Township, Dodge County, Minnesota.
Canisteo is the site of the largest living sign in the world, noted by both Ripley's Believe it or Not! and the Registry of Historical Places. It is 60 feet (18 m) by 400 feet (120 m), and consists of Scotch pine. The seeds for it were planted in 1934.
Business and industry
After arrival of the Erie Railroad in 1851, the Village of Canisteo was home to a variety of small manufacturers.
The Town of Canisteo's schools are all located in the village of Canisteo.
One room schools
Canisteo's first school was a one-room school on Greenwood Street, across from the present Baptist Church. It was in existence by 1857. There were a variety of one-room schools around the township.
Canisteo Graded School
The oldest school building, School No. 1 on the 1873 Atlas map, also called Canisteo Graded School and Canisteo Union School, was a wooden frame building at 22 Fifth Street. It began as what would be called today an elementary school. A news story on the best students of 1893–1894 we see that there were five teachers, all women, plus the male principal, who also taught. Each taught two grades in a single classroom, except for the third grade, which was evidently larger and split into two divisions, which occupied one room. Kindergarten had its own room and two divisions. There were five classrooms, and 11th grade the highest.
In 1900, a report on the "annual school meeting", held in the "union school building", reveals that the school would cost $7,947 (equivalent to $239,332 in 2018) to run for the coming year, of which $4,495.32 (equivalent to $135,381 in 2018) would be raised by tax. There were 54 voters at the meeting, which reduced the Board of Education from nine to five members. After its abandonment in 1914 when the Greenwood Street Elementary School was built, it became Strait's Mill, then a feed store, before being torn down about 1952 and replaced by a bus garage. Adjacent to it to the south, between Fifth and Sixth Streets, is the Rotary Field, which remained the venue for school sports until the 1990s, when new facilities were built on Purdy Creek Road.
Canisteo Academy, a brick building, was built on Greenwood Street and opened in 1871. "It had a very creditable observatory, equipped with a large revolving telescope — the only one in the county.":350 The New York and Pennsylvania Railroad (1896-1916) crossed Academy St., where it stopped at a platform for student and teacher use. Students came from as far as Pennsylvania, at least 25 miles (40 km). Some stayed during the week in boarding houses.
Students paid tuition until 1897, when it became a free public school. Tuition in 1874 was $10 per term. At that time the following subjects were offered, arranged by school department: Latin, Greek, German, French, and English language; arithmetic, algebra, and geometry; natural philosophy, botany, geology, physiology, anatomy, and geography. They were not all taught in every term. In 1901, Regents Exams were given in rhetoric, civics, economics, Caesar, Virgil, Xenophon, and physiology.
Twentieth century schools
An elementary school was built in 1914 just to the south of the Academy, replacing the 5th Street building. In 1937, with consolidation of the town schools, the Academy building was demolished, as was the Elementary School with the exception of the heating plant, in the rear. A new Canisteo Central School was constructed, attaching to the preserved heating plant portion of the Elementary School, constructing a new front and main entrance facing Greenwood Street, connecting with the portion of the building occupying the Academy site. This is today (2019) the Canisteo–Greenwood High School. An addition was constructed in 1949, containing a cafeteria, music rooms, and classrooms. In 1959 a new elementary school was constructed further south, at 120 Greenwood Street, including a competition swimming pool. In the vote authorizing the construction, the swimming pool was on the ballot separately, but both passed, the pool by a smaller margin. At present the building houses both the Elementary and a Middle School. In 2004 the Canisteo schools merged with those of Greenwood to form the Canisteo-Greenwood School District.
Canisteo-Greenwood in 2017 is the only school in Steuben County that has an orchestra as well as a band. The only other orchestra, in the much larger city of Corning, closed about 1990.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 54.4 square miles (140.8 km²), all of it land.
The Canisteo River flows west to east through the north part of the town.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,583 people, 1,423 households, and 980 families residing in the town. The population density was 65.9 people per square mile (25.4/km²). There were 1,704 housing units at an average density of 31.3 per square mile (12.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.24% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.
There were 1,423 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,308, and the median income for a family was $41,859. Males had a median income of $32,225 versus $20,192 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,162. About 8.8% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Canisteo
- Adrian – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town, east of Canisteo village on County Road 119 (Canisteo River Road) by the Canisteo River.
- Bennetts – A hamlet to the south of the village, on NY-248 and Bennetts Creek. A flag stop on the New York & Pennsylvania Railroad.
- Bennetts Creek – A north-flowing stream entering the Canisteo River by Canisteo village.
- Browns Crossing – A hamlet by the east town line on County Road 119 (Canisteo River Road) by the Canisteo River.
- Canisteo – The Village of Canisteo, at the junction of Routes 36 (Main Street) and 248 (Greenwood Street), about one mile west of the Canisteo River, County Route 128 (older than NY Route 36), and the former Erie train line and depot.
- Canisteo Center – A hamlet east of Canisteo village on County Road 119 (Canisteo River Road). The original village, until the railway station, over a mile to the north, was built in the mid-nineteenth century.
- Carson – Another name for Canisteo Center (to avoid confusion with Canisteo)
- Dead Man's Hole – A swimming area on the west bank of Bennetts Creek south of Canisteo village and east of NY 36.
- Fall Creek A hamlet to the south of the village but north of Bennetts, on NY-248 and Bennetts Creek. A flag stop on the New York & Pennsylvania Railroad.
- Gravel Run – A hamlet north of South Canisteo on NY-36.
- Purdy Creek – An east-flowing stream entering Bennett's Creek by Canisteo village. "Purdy" is a regional, supposedly uneducated pronunciation of "pretty".
- Rock Run – A location north of South Canisteo.
- South Canisteo – A hamlet southeast of Canisteo village on NY-36.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
- "2010 Census: Canisteo town, Steuben County, New York". American Factfinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- McMaster, Guy H. (1853). History of the settlement of Steuben County, N.Y. : including notices of the old pioneer settlers and their adventures. Bath, New York. p. 66.
- Near, Irvin W. (1890). The early history of Hornellsville, Steuben County. An Address made at the Centennial of the First Settlement of Hornellsville, on September 25th, 1890. Hornellsville, New York.
- Steve Cotton, Canisteo, Charleston, South Carolina, Arcadia, 2013, ISBN 9780738599229, p. 1.
- Cotton, p. 8.
- "Did you know?" (PDF). Kanestio Historical Society Times. January–March 2009. p. 5.
- "Canisteo Schools" (PDF). Kanestio Historical Society Times. Spring 2017. pp. 2–3.
- "Canisteo PUublic School". Hornellsville Weekly Tribune. June 29, 1894. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.
- "(Untitled)". Democrat and Chronicle. August 9, 1900. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.
- Hakes, Harlo, ed. (1896). Landmarks of Steuben County, New York. Assisted by L. C. Aldrich and others. Syracuse, New York.
- "Canisteo's schools" (PDF). Kanestio Historical Society Times. Spring 2017. p. 2.
- "Canisteo Academy" (PDF). Canisteo Times. March 11, 1874.
- Miller, Diane Scott (July 1967). "Canisteo: Its Prosperity at the Turn of the Century. Part III" (PDF). Kanestio Historical Society Times. p. 3.
- "Teachers' Institute". Hornellsville Weekly Tribune. January 8, 1892. p. 5 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Local In Brief". Hornellsville Weekly Tribune. December 16, 1892. p. 5 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Steve Cotton, Canisteo, Arcadia, 2013, ISBN 0738599220.
- Harlo Hakes, ed., Landmarks of Steuben County, New York, Syracuse, 1896, "History of Canisteo, NY", http://history.rays-place.com/ny/steu/canisteo-t.htm, consulted 10-28-2014.
- Dickey, Virginia (2009). "Castles in the Wilderness" (PDF). Kanestio Historical Society. Retrieved May 25, 2019.