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A Canadian Forces Base or CFB (French: Base des Forces canadiennes, BFC) is a military installation of the Canadian Armed Forces. For a facility to qualify as a Canadian Forces base, it must station one or more major units (e.g., army regiments, navy ships, air force wings).
Minor installations are named Canadian Forces Station or CFS (French: Station des Forces canadiennes, SFC). A Canadian Forces station could host a single minor unit (e.g., an early warning radar station). Many of these facilities are now decommissioned for administrative purposes and function as detachments of a larger Canadian Forces base nearby.
Note: Primary lodger units at Canadian Forces Bases used by the Canadian Army are regiments of the Canadian Army.
Note: Primary lodger units at Canadian Forces Bases used by the Royal Canadian Navy are individual commissioned ships of the RCN.
Royal Canadian Air Force
Note: Primary lodger units at Canadian Forces Bases used by the Royal Canadian Air Force are wings of the RCAF.
The RCAF supplies aircraft to Canadian Joint Operations Command, which frequently operate from a chain of forward operating locations (FOLs) at various civilian airfields across northern Canada, capable of supporting RCAF operations. CF-18 Hornets, CP-140 Auroras and various transport and search and rescue aircraft periodically deploy to these FOLs for short training exercises, Arctic sovereignty patrols, aid to the civil power, or search and rescue operations.
- Department of National Defence Headquarters, Ottawa, Ontario
- NDHQ Carling, Ottawa, Ontario
- CFS Leitrim, Ontario
- CFS Alert, Nunavut
- Connaught Range and Primary Training Centre (CRPTC), Ottawa, Ontario
- CFNA HQ Whitehorse, Yukon
- CFNA HQ Yellowknife, Northwest Territories
- CFB Calgary (portion of property currently hosts 41 Canadian Brigade Group Headquarters (Waters Building), 41 Combat Engineer Regiment (Currie Building) and 41 Service Battalion (Currie Building).
- CFB Penhold
- CFB Clinton
- CFB Centralia
- CFB Downsview (portion of property currently hosts ASU Toronto)
- CFB London (Wolseley Barracks) (portion of property currently hosts ASU London)
- CFB Picton
- CFB Rockcliffe
- CFB Uplands
- CFB St. Hubert
- CFB St. Jean (now home to the CF Leadership and Recruit School, a lodger unit of CFB Montreal)
- CFS Aldergrove
- CFS Baldy Hughes
- CFS Holberg
- CFS Kamloops
- CFS Ladner
- CFS Masset (now a detachment of CFS Leitrim)
Newfoundland and Labrador:
- CFS Armstrong
- CFS Carp
- CFS Cobourg
- CFS Falconbridge
- CFS Foymount
- CFS Gloucester
- CFS Lowther
- CFS Moosonee
- CFS Ramore
- CFS Sioux Lookout
The Canadian Forces were reduced during the 1990s from a high of 90,000 personnel in the late 1980s to the present force levels. Coinciding with personnel and equipment reductions was the politically controversial decision to close a number of bases and stations which were obsolete or created duplication.
A small number of these "closed" facilities have actually continued operating as before; but, because of cost and administrative efficiency—or, in the case of radio and radar facilities, automation—, they have been absorbed into other nearby bases and therefore do not qualify for separate designations. For example, the CF Leadership and Recruit School at St. Jean, Quebec, is now a lodger unit of CFB Montreal, and the former CFS Masset is a detachment of CFS Leitrim. Other facilities are now used as training grounds for reserve/militia units.